Macau

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Macao Special Admeenistrative Region o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae

Cheenese:中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
Cantonese romanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Portuguese:Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Banner o Macau
Banner
Emblem o Macau
Emblem
Anthem"Mairch o the Volunteers"
義勇軍進行曲
Yihyúhnggwān Jeunhàhngkūk
Marcha dos Voluntários
Ceety flouer:
Nelumbo nucifera
蓮花
Līnfàa
lótus, flor-de-lótus, loto-índico, lótus-índico
Macau in China (zoomed) (extra close) (special marker) (+all claims hatched).svg
Macau on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg
Location o Macau
Offeecial leids
Regional leidCantonese[lower-alpha 1]
Offeecial scriptsTradeetional Cheenese[lower-alpha 2]
Portuguese orthography
Ethnic groups
(2016)
88.4% Cheenese
4.6% Filipino
2.4% Vietnamese
1.8% Portuguese or Macanese
2.8% ither[1]
Demonym(s)Macanese
GovrenmentDevolved executive-led seestem within a socialist republic
Fernando Chui
Sonia Chan
Lionel Leong
Wong Sio Chak
Ho Iat Seng
Sam Hou Fai
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies (of 2,924)
29 delegates[2]
Special admeenistrative region within the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
1557
1 December 1887
26 Mairch 1987
20 December 1999
Aurie
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
73.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
653,100[3] (167t)
• Density
21,340/km2 (55,270.3/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2018[4] estimate
• Total
$78.1 billion (95t)
• Per capita
$118,098 (2nt)
GDP (nominal)2018[4] estimate
• Tot
$53.9 billion (83rd)
• Per capita
$81,585 (3rd)
HDI (2016)Increase 0.909[lower-alpha 3]
verra heich · 17t
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Macau Staundart Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+853
ISO 3166 codeMO
Internet TLD

Macau (Cheenese: 澳門), an aw spelled Macao, is, alang wi Hong Kong, ane o the twa special admeenistrative regions o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It lies on the wastren side o the Pearl River Delta, borderin Guangdong province tae the north an facin the Sooth Cheenae Sea tae the east an sooth.[6]

The territory's economy is hivily dependent on gamblin an tourism but includes manufacturin an aw.

Macau wis a Portuguese colony an baith the first an last European colony in Cheenae.[7][8] Portuguese traders first settled in Macau in the 16t century an subsequently admeenistered the region till the haundower on 20 December 1999. The Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration an the Basic Law o Macau stipulate that Macau operates wi a hie degree o autonomy till at least 2049, fifty years efter the transfer.[9]

Unner the policy o "ane kintra, twa seestems", the PRC's Central Fowr Govrenment is responsible for the territory's defense an foreign affairs, while Macau maintains its awn legal seestem, polis force, monetary seestem, customs policy, an immigration policy. Macau participates in mony internaitional organizations an events that dae no require members tae possess naitional sovereignty.[9][10] Accordin tae the CIA factbeuk, Macau haes the heichest life expectancy in the warld.[11]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Names o Macau

Afore the Portuguese settlement in the early 16t century, Macau wis kent as Haojing (Oyster Mirror) or Jinghai (Mirror Sea).[12] The name Macau is thought tae be derived frae the A-Ma Temple (Cheenese: 媽閣廟; Jyutping: Maa1 Gok3 Miu6), a temple built in 1448 dedicatit tae Matsu — the goddess o seafarers an fishermen. It is said that when the Portuguese sailors laundit at the coast juist ootside the temple an asked the name o the place, the natives replied "媽閣" (jyutping:Maa1 Gok3). The Portuguese then named the peninsula "Macau".[13] The present Chinese name (澳門) means "Inlet Gates".

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Macau is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


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