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Occitan leid

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
occitan, lenga d'òc, provençal
Native taeFraunce, Spain, Italy, Monaco
Native speakers
estimates range frae 100,000 tae 800,000 (2007–2012)[1][2]
Early form
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
Recognised minority
leid in
 Italy (Law nummer 482 o 15 December 1999) [3]
Regulatit biConselh de la Lenga Occitana;[4] Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana;[5] Institut d'Estudis Aranesi[6]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1oc
ISO 639-2oci
ISO 639-3ociinclusive code
Individual code:
sdt – Judeo-Occitan
Linguasphere51-AAA-g & 51-AAA-f
Various dialects of Occitan
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Occitan (occitan, lenga d'òc) is a Romance leid, spak an unnerstuid bi as mony as 0.5 million fowk in soothren Fraunce, Monaco, Catalonie's Val d'Aran, an the Occitan Valleys o Italy. Th'gither thae regions are sometimes referrit tae as Occitania. The leid is still spak in the linguistic exclave o Guardia Piemontese in Calabrie, Italy, an historically in a number o communities in the Americas: Valdese, North Carolina;[8][9] Quebec; Pigüé, Argentinae; an Guanajuato, Mexico. It is a co-offeecial leid o the Spaingie autonomous community o Catalonie.


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  1. Bernissan, Fabrice (2012). "Combien l'occitan compte de locuteurs en 2012?". Revue de Linguistique Romane (in French). 76: 467–512.
  2. Martel, Philippe (December 2007). "Qui parle occitan ?". Langues et cité (in French). No. 10. Observation des pratiques linguistiques. p. 3. De fait, le nombre des locuteurs de l’occitan a pu être estimé par l’INED dans un premier temps à 526 000 personnes, puis à 789 000 ("In fact, the number of occitan speakers was estimated by the French Demographics Institute at 526,000 people, then 789,000")
  3. Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament
  4. CLO's statements in Lingüistica Occitana (online review of Occitan linguistics).
  5. "Page d'accueil". Région Nouvelle-Aquitaine - Aquitaine Limousin Poitou-Charentes. Archived frae the original on 27 Januar 2012. Retrieved 18 Julie 2019.
  6. "Reconeishença der Institut d'Estudis Aranesi coma academia e autoritat lingüistica der occitan, aranés en Aran". www.conselharan.org. 2 Apryle 2014.
  7. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Occitan". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  8. Ghigo, F. (1980). The Provençal speech of the Waldensian colonists of Valdese, North Carolina. Valdese: Historic Valdese Foundation.
  9. Holmes, U. T. (1934). "Waldensian speech in North Carolina". Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie. 54: 500–513.