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Oriental Republic o Uruguay

  • República Oriental del Uruguay  (Spaingie)
Motto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spaingie)
"Freedom or Daith"
AnthemHimno Nacional de Uruguay
Naitional Anthem o Uruguay
and largest city
34°53′S 56°10′W / 34.883°S 56.167°W / -34.883; -56.167
Offeecial leidsSpaingie
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Luis Lacalle Pou
Beatriz Argimón
LegislaturGeneral Assembly
Chamber o Senators
Chamber o Deputies
Unthirldom frae the Brazil
• Declaration
25 August 1825
28 August 1828
• Constitution
18 Julie 1830
• Total
176,215 km2 (68,037 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
3,318,535[2] (133rd)
• 2011 census
• Density
18.65/km2 (48.3/sq mi) (196t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$56.338 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$55.412 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2010)45.3[5]
HDI (2013)Increase 0.792[6]
heich · 51st
CurrencyUruguayan peso (UYU)
Time zoneUTC−3 (UYT)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+598
ISO 3166 codeUY
Internet TLD.uy
Territorial organization

Uruguay, offeecially the Oriental Republic o Uruguay, is a kintra locatit in the sootheastren pairt o Sooth Americae. It is hame tae some 3.5 million fowk, 1.4 million o whilk live in the caipital Montevideo an its metropolitan aurie. An estimatit 88% o the population ar o European strynd.

Uruguay's anerlie land mairch is wi Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, tae the north. Wastlins lees the Uruguay River, tae the soothwast lees the estuar o Río de la Plata, wi Argentinae anerlie a short commute athort the banks o aither o thir bodies o watter, while sootheastlins lees the soothren pairt o the Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay, wi an aurie o approximately 176 thoosand km2, is the seicont smawest naition o Sooth Americae in aurie efter Suriname.

Colonia del Sacramento, ane o Uruguay's auldest European dounsets, wis foondit bi the Portuguese in 1680. Montevideo wis foondit bi the Spaingie in the air 18t century as a militar stranghauld. Uruguay wan its unthirldom in 1811–1828 followin a three-wey struggle amang Spain, Argentinae an Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, whaur the preses fulfills the roles o baith heid o state an heid o govrenment.

Uruguay is ane o the maist economically developed kintras in Sooth Americae, wi a hie GDP per capita an the 50t hichtest quality o life in the warld. The economy is mainly based on agriculture (makin up 10% o GDP an the maist substantial export) an the state sector. Accordin tae Transparency Internaitional, Uruguay is ratit as the least corrupt kintra in Latin Americae (alang wi Chile), wi its poleetical an labour condeetions bein amang the freest on the continent.

In 2007, it became the first Latin American kintra tae legalize same-sex an different-sex ceevil unions at a naitional level.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

La República Oriental del Uruguay oreeginally meant the republic east o the Uruguay [River], but is nou uusually translatit intae Inglis as the Oriental Republic o Uruguay.[2][7] The govrenment o Uruguay normally uisses simply Uruguay.

The etymologie o the Uruguay River, comin frae the Guaraní leid, is uncertain, but the offeecial meanin[8] is "river o the paintit birds".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Extended National Household Survey, 2006: Ancestry" (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. a b Central Intelligence Agency. "Uruguay". The World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 5 Januar 2010.
  3. Resultados del Censo de Población 2011: población, crecimiento y estructura por sexo y edad Archived 2014-02-09 at the Wayback Machine ine.gub.uy
  4. a b c d "Uruguay". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 4 Januar 2012.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2012.
  6. "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 14 Mairch 2013. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 8 Julie 2014. Retrieved 14 Mairch 2013.
  7. "Uruguay". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  8. "Ministerio de Turismo y Deporte del Uruguay (Spanish, English and Portuguese)". Turismo.gub.uy. Archived frae the original on 21 Julie 2011. Retrieved 26 Juin 2010.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]