(Chiến tranh Việt Nam)
|Pairt o the Indocheenae Wars an the Cauld War|
Clockwise, frae tap left: US combat operations in Ia Drang, ARVN Rangers defendin Saigon during the 1968 Tet Offensive, twa Douglas A-4C Skyhawks enroute for airstrikes against North Vietnam efter the Gulf o Tonkin incident, ARVN recaptur Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive, ceevilians fleein the 1972 Battle o Quảng Trị, burial o 300 victims o the 1968 Huế Massacre.
|Anti-communist forces:||Communist forces:|
|Commanders an leaders|
| Ngô Đình Diệm
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
Nguyen Cao Ky
Cao Văn Viên
Ngô Quang Trưởng
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Chae Myung Shin
| Ho Chi Minh
Võ Nguyên Giáp
Van Tien Dung
Le Trong Tan
Phạm Văn Đồng
Hoang Van Thai
Tran Van Tra
Nguyen Van Linh
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
Sooth Vietnam: 850,000 (1968)
|Casualties an losses|
| Sooth Vietnam
195,000–430,000 ceevilian dead
220,357 – 313,000 militar dead
1,170,000 woondit[citation needit]
Tot deid: 480,538–807,564
| North Vietnam & Viet Cong
50,000-65,000 ceevilian dead
400,000–1,100,000 militar dead or missin
* indicates approximations
The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam, in Vietnam an aa kent as the American War, Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Mỹ, Kháng chiến chống Mỹ), an aa kent as the Seicont Indocheenae War, wis a Cauld War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, an Cambodia frae December 1956[A 1] tae the faw o Saigon on 30 Aprile 1975. This war follaed the First Indocheenae War an wis foucht atween North Vietnam—supportit bi Cheenae an ither communist allies—an the govrenment o Sooth Vietnam—supportit bi the Unitit States an ither anti-communist kintras. The Viet Cong (an aa kent as the Naitional Liberation Front, or NLF), a lichtly airmed Sooth Vietnamese communist common front directit bi the North, foucht a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The Fowk's Airmy o Vietnam (a.k.a. the North Vietnamese Airmy) engaged in a mair conventional war, at times committin lairge units intae battle. U.S. an Sooth Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority an owerwhelmin firepouer tae conduct search an destroy operations, involvin grund forces, artillery, an airstrikes.
Annotations[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Due tae the early presence o American truips in Vietnam the stairt date o the Vietnam War is a matter o debate. In 1998 efter a heich level review bi the Department o Defense (DoD) an through the efforts o Richard B. Fitzgibbon's faimily the stairt date o the Vietnam War accordin tae the US govrenment wis offeecially chynged tae 1 November 1955. U.S. govrenment reports currently cite 1 November 1955 as the commencement date o the "Vietnam Conflict", acause this wis the day when the U.S. Militar Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) in Indocheenae (deployed tae Sootheast Asie unner preses Truman) wis reorganized intae kintra-specific units an MAAG Vietnam wis established. Ither stairt dates include when Hanoi authorized Viet Cong forces in Sooth Vietnam tae begin a law-level insurgency in December 1956, whauras some view 26 September 1959 when the first battle occurred atween the Communist an Sooth Vietnamese army, as the stairt date.
- The figurs o 58,220 an 303,644 for U.S. daiths an woondit come frae the Department o Defense Statistical Information Analysis Diveesion (SIAD), Defense Manpower Data Center, as well as frae a Depairtment o Veterans fact sheet datit Mey 2010 the CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report for Congress, American War an Militar Operations Casualties: Leets an Statistics, datit 26 Februar 2010, an the beuk Crucible Vietnam: Memoir o an Infantry Lieutenant. Some ither soorces gie different figures (e.g. the 2005/2006 documentary Heart of Darkness: The Vietnam War Chronicles 1945–1975 citit elsewhaur in this airticle gies a figure o 58,159 U.S. daiths, an the 2007 beuk Vietnam Sons gies a figur o 58,226)
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
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Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Bulgaria gave official military support to many national liberation causes, most notably in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, (North Vietnam)...
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- Associated Press, 3 April 1995, "Vietnam Says 1.1 Million Died Fighting For North."
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- Dunnigan, James & Nofi, Albert: Dirty Little Secrets of the Vietnam War: Military Information You're Not Supposed to Know. St. Martin's Press, 2000, p. 284. ISBN 0-312-25282-X.
- Shenon, Philip (23 April 1995). "20 Years After Victory, Vietnamese Communists Ponder How to Celebrate". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2011. The Vietnamese government officially claimed a rough estimate of 2 million civilian deaths, but it did not divide these deaths between North and South Vietnam.
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Meanwhile, the United States, its military demoralized and its civilian electorate deeply divided, began a process of coming to terms with defeat in its longest and most controversial war
- DoD 1998
- Lawrence 2009, p. 20.
- Olson & Roberts 1991, p. 67.[citation nae foond]
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- Lawrence 2009, pp. 65, 107, 154, 217.
- Kueter, Dale. Vietnam Sons: For Some, the War Never Ended. AuthorHouse (21 March 2007). ISBN 978-1425969318