Republic of Vietnam[a]
Motto: "Tổ quốc - Danh dự - Trách nhiệm"
(English: "Fatherland – Honor – Duty")
Location o Sooth Vietnam in Sootheast Asie
|Common leids||Vietnamese (offeecial)|
|Ngô Đình Diệm|
|Dương Văn Minh|
|Phan Khắc Sửu|
|Nguyễn Văn Thiệu|
|Trần Văn Hương (actin)|
|Dương Văn Minh (actin)|
• 1963–1964 (first)
|Nguyen Ngoc Tho|
• 1975 (last)
|Vu Van Mau|
|Historical era||Cauld War · Vietnam War|
|23 October 1954|
|27 Januar 1973|
|30 Aprile 1975|
|1955||173,809 km2 (67,108 sq mi)|
|1974||173,809 km2 (67,108 sq mi)|
heich · 53
|The day pairt o||Vietnam|
Sooth Vietnam, offeecially the Republic o Vietnam, wis a state which govrened soothren Vietnam till 1975. It received internaitional recogneetion in 1949 as the "State o Vietnam" (1949–55), an later as the "Republic o Vietnam"[a] (1955–75). Its caipital wis Saigon. The term "Sooth Vietnam" acame common usage in 1954, when the Geneva Conference pairtitioned Vietnam intae communist an non-communist pairts.
Sooth Vietnam's origins can be traced tae the French colony o Cochincheenae, which consistit o the soothern third o Vietnam an wis a subdiveesion o French Indocheenae. Efter Warld War II, the Viet Minh, led bi Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the establishment o a Communist naition in Hanoi. In 1949, non-communist Vietnamese politeecians furmed a rival govrenment in Saigon led bi umwhile emperor Bảo Đại. Bảo Đại wis deponed bi Prime Meenister Ngô Đình Diệm in 1955, who proclaimed himsel preses efter a referendum. Efter Diệm wis deponed in a militar coup in 1963, thare wis a series o short-lived militar governments. General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu led the kintra frae 1967 till 1975. The Vietnam War began in 1959 wi an uprisin bi Viet Cong forces supplied bi North Vietnam. Fichting climaxed during the Tet Offensive o 1968, when thare wur ower 1.5 million Sooth Vietnamese soldiers an 500,000 U.S. sodgers in Sooth Vietnam. Despite a peace treaty concluded in Januar 1973, fichtin continued till the North Vietnamese airmy owerran Saigon on 30 Aprile 1975.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- The Republic of Vietnam was proclaimed on October 26, 1955 with Ngô Đình Diệm as its first president. Its sovereignty was recognized by the United States and by some eighty-seven other nations. It had membership in several special committees of the United Nations, and would have been a member of the United Nations itself had it not been for a Soviet veto in 1957.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Konrad G. Bühler (2001). State Succession and Membership in International Organizations: Legal Theories Versus Political Pragmatism. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 71. ISBN 978-90-411-1553-9.
- George S. Prugh (1975). "Application of Geneva Conventions to Prisoners of War". VIETNAM STUDIES : LAW AT WAR: VIETNAM 1964-1973. http://lawofwar.org/. External link in
- Robert C. Doyle (2010). The Enemy in Our Hands: America's Treatment of Enemy Prisoners of War from the Revolution to the War on Terror. University Press of Kentucky. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-8131-2589-3.