Sooth Vietnam

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Republic of Vietnam[lower-alpha 1]
Việt-nam Cộng-hòa
1954–1975
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o Airms
Motto: "Tổ quốc - Danh dự - Trách nhiệm"
(English: "Fatherland – Honor – Duty")
Anthem: "Tiếng Gọi Công Dân"
(Scots: "Cry tae the Ceetizens")
Location o Sooth Vietnam in Sootheast Asie
Location o Sooth Vietnam in Sootheast Asie
Caipital Saigon
Common leids Vietnamese (offeecial)
Releegion Buddhism
Roman Catholicism
Confucianism
Taoism
Govrenment Presidential republic
Preses  
• 1955–1963
Ngô Đình Diệm
• 1963–1964
Dương Văn Minh
Nguyễn Khánh
• 1964–1965
Phan Khắc Sửu
• 1965–1975
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
• 1975
Trần Văn Hương (actin)
• 1975
Dương Văn Minh (actin)
Prime Meenister  
• 1963–1964 (first)
Nguyen Ngoc Tho
• 1975 (last)
Vu Van Mau
Historical era Cauld War · Vietnam War
23 October 1954
• 1963 coup
November 1963
27 Januar 1973
30 Aprile 1975
Aurie
1955 173,809 km2 (67,108 sq mi)
1974 173,809 km2 (67,108 sq mi)
Population
• 1955
12000000
• 1974
19582000
HDI (1979) 0.783
heich · 53
Currency đồnga
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
State o Vietnam
Provisional Revolutionary Govrenment o the Republic o Sooth Vietnam
The day pairt o  Vietnam
  1. Gradually phased in tae replace the piastre.

Sooth Vietnam, offeecially the Republic o Vietnam, wis a state which govrened soothren Vietnam till 1975. It received internaitional recogneetion in 1949 as the "State o Vietnam" (1949–55), an later as the "Republic o Vietnam"[lower-alpha 1] (1955–75). Its caipital wis Saigon. The term "Sooth Vietnam" acame common usage in 1954, when the Geneva Conference pairtitioned Vietnam intae communist an non-communist pairts.

Sooth Vietnam's origins can be traced tae the French colony o Cochincheenae, which consistit o the soothern third o Vietnam an wis a subdiveesion o French Indocheenae. Efter Warld War II, the Viet Minh, led bi Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the establishment o a Communist naition in Hanoi. In 1949, non-communist Vietnamese politeecians furmed a rival govrenment in Saigon led bi umwhile emperor Bảo Đại. Bảo Đại wis deponed bi Prime Meenister Ngô Đình Diệm in 1955, who proclaimed himself preses efter a referendum. Efter Diệm wis deponed in a militar coup in 1963, thare wis a series o short-lived militar governments. General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu led the kintra frae 1967 till 1975. The Vietnam War began in 1959 wi an uprisin bi Viet Cong forces supplied bi North Vietnam. Fichting climaxed during the Tet Offensive o 1968, when thare wur ower 1.5 million Sooth Vietnamese soldiers an 500,000 U.S. sodgers in Sooth Vietnam. Despite a peace treaty concluded in Januar 1973, fichtin continued till the North Vietnamese airmy owerran Saigon on 30 Aprile 1975.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Republic of Vietnam was proclaimed on October 26, 1955 with Ngô Đình Diệm as its first president.[1] Its sovereignty was recognized by the United States and by some eighty-seven other nations. It had membership in several special committees of the United Nations, and would have been a member of the United Nations itself had it not been for a Soviet veto in 1957.[2][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Konrad G. Bühler (2001). State Succession and Membership in International Organizations: Legal Theories Versus Political Pragmatism. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 71. ISBN 978-90-411-1553-9. 
  2. George S. Prugh (1975). "Application of Geneva Conventions to Prisoners of War". VIETNAM STUDIES : LAW AT WAR: VIETNAM 1964-1973. http://lawofwar.org/.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  3. Robert C. Doyle (2010). The Enemy in Our Hands: America's Treatment of Enemy Prisoners of War from the Revolution to the War on Terror. University Press of Kentucky. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-8131-2589-3.