Jump to content


Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Tomb o resident 14t-century poet Hafiz
Tomb o resident 14t-century poet Hafiz
Persie Cultural Caipital
Ceety o roses
Ceety o gardens
Ceety o flouer an nichtingale
Shiraz is located in Iran
Location o Shiraz in Iran
Coordinates: 29°37′N 52°32′E / 29.617°N 52.533°E / 29.617; 52.533
Kintra Iran
 • MayorMehran E'temadi[1]
 • Ceety cooncilZein Al Abedin Arab
Sayed Mohammad Kazem Dastgheyb
Ezat Allah Fahandezh Sa'adi
Fatemeh Hooshmand
Mehdi Khani
Sayed Mohsen Moein
Mozaffar Mokhtari
Sayed Saeed Moosavi
Ali Zahmat Kesh
Ma'asoomeh Zare'e
Shobeir Zare'e Khafri[2]
 • Total178.891 km2 (69.07 sq mi)
 • Laund178.891 km2 (69.07 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
1,500 m (5,200 ft)
 • Total1,455,073
 • Density3,609.8/km2 (9347.5/sq mi)
 Population Data:

2006 Census was 1,214,808, in 315,725 families[3]

2009 Municipality was 1,455,073[4]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
Area code(s)0711
Routes Road 65
Road 67
Road 86
Shiraz-Isfahan Freeway

Shiraz (Aboot this soondlisten  Persie: شیرازPersie pronunciation: [ʃiːˈrɒːz]) is the saxt maist populous ceety in Iran[5] an is the caipital o Fars Province. Shiraz is locatit in the soothwast o Iran on the Rudkhaneye Khoshk saisonal river. Shiraz haes a moderate climate an haes been a regional tred centre for mair nor ane thoosan years.

The earliest reference tae the ceety, as Tiraziš, is on Elamite clay tablets datit tae 2000 BC.[6] In the 13t century, Shiraz became a leadin centre o the airts an letters, thanks tae the encouragement o its ruler an the presence o mony Persian scholars an airtists. Shiraz wis the caipital o Persie durin the Zand dynasty frae 1750 till 1781, as well as briefly durin the Saffarid period.

Shiraz is kent as the ceety o poets, wine an flouers.[7] The wird "shir" in Persian means "lion", but it coud an an mean "milk". It is an aa considered bi mony Iranians tae be the ceety o gardens, due tae the mony gardens an fruit trees that can be seen in the ceety. Shiraz haes haed major Jewish an Christian communities. The crafts o Shiraz conseest o inlaid mosaic wirk o triangular design; siller-ware; pile cairpet-weavin an weavin o kilim, cried gilim an jajim in the veelages an amang the tribes.[8] In Shiraz industries sic as cement production, succar, fertilizers, textile products, wid products, metalwirk an rugs dominate.[9] Shirāz an aa haes a major ile refinery an is an aa a major centre for Iran's electronic industries: 53% o Iran's electronic investment haes been centred in Shiraz.[10] Shiraz is hame tae Iran's first solar pouer plant.[11]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. محمد جواد مطلع (13 Juin 2010). "Shiraz Mayors from 1980 to 2010". Shiraz Municipality. Retrieved 5 Mey 2011.
  2. محمد جواد مطلع (13 August 2009). "City Council Members". Shiraz Municipality. Retrieved 5 Mey 2011.
  3. "Census o the Islamic Republic o Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic o Iran. Archived frae the original (Excel) on 16 November 2010.
  4. "Shiraz Population & Area" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 9 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 5 Mey 2011.
  5. Efter Tehran, Mashhad, Esfahan, Tabriz an Karaj; in 2006 Shiraz haed a total population o 1,204,882
  6. Cameron, George G. Persepolis Treasury Tablets, University of Chicago Press, 1948:115.
  7. (Iran Chamber Society) "Shiraz" (php file); "Shiraz" Archived 2012-07-19 at Archive.today
  8. ""the physical features of Shiraz"". Archived frae the original on 17 Februar 2009. Retrieved 26 Januar 2011.
  9. "Looklex Encyclopaedia". Archived frae the original on 5 Julie 2011. Retrieved 26 Januar 2011.
  10. ARSH Co. site Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "Iran's first solar power plant comes on stream". tehran times. 11 Januar 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2010.