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Frae top, left tae richt: Colțea Hospital panorama • Romanian AthenaeumVictory AvenueLipscani destrict, view taewart Caru' cu bere an Stavropoleos MonasteryPalace o JuisticeCEC PalaceNaitional Bank o Romanie • Floreasca pairk
Banner o Bucharest
Coat of airms o Bucharest
Coat airms
Paris o the East, Little Paris[1]
Bucharest is located in Roumainie
Location in Romanie
Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389
First attestit1459
 • MayorSorin Oprescu (Independent)
 • Municipality228 km2 (88 sq mi)
 • Urban
285 km2 (110 sq mi)
55.8–91.5 m (183.1–300.2 ft)
 (2011 census)[4][5]
 • Municipality1,677,985
 • Rank1st in Romanie
 • Density8518.6/km2 (22,063/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code(s)+40 x1
Caur plateB
WebsiteOffeecial steid
1Romanie law stipulates that Bucharest haes a special admeenistrative status which is equal tae that o a coonty.

Bucharest (Romanie: București, [bukuˈreʃtʲ] ( listen)) is the caipital ceety, cultural, industrial, an financial centre o Romanie. It is the lairgest ceety in Romanie, locatit in the sootheast o the kintra, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389, an lies on the banks o the Dâmbovița River.

Bucharest wis first mentioned in documents as early as 1459. Syne then it haes gane through a variety o chynges, becomin the state caipital o Romanie in 1862 an steadily consolidatin its position as the centre o the Romanian mass media, cultur an airts. Its eclectic architectur is a mix o historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus an Art Deco), Communist-era an modren. In the period atween the twa Warld Wars, the ceety's elegant airchitectur an the sophistication o its elite earned Bucharest the nickname o the "Little Paris o the East" (Micul Paris).[6] Although mony biggins an destricts in the historic centre wur damaged or destroyed bi war, earthquakes an Nicolae Ceaușescu's program o seestematization, mony survived. In recent years, the ceety haes been experiencin an economic an cultural boom.[7]

According tae 2011 census, 1,883,425 indwallers live within the ceety leemits,[4] a decrease frae the figure recordit at the 2002 census.[2] The urban aurie extends beyond the leemits o Bucharest proper an haes a population o 1.93 million fowk.[3][8] Addin the satellite touns aroond the urban aurie, the proponed metropolitan aurie o Bucharest would hae a population o 2.27 million fowk.[9] Accordin tae Eurostat, Bucharest haes a Lairger Urban Zone o 2,151,880 residents.[5] Accordin tae unoffeecial data, the population is mair nor 3 million.[10] Bucharest is the 6t lairgest ceety in the European Union bi population within ceety leemits, efter Lunnon, Berlin, Madrid, Roum, an Paris.

Economically, Bucharest is the maist prosperous ceety in Romanie[11] an is ane o the main industrial centres an transportation hubs o Eastren Europe. The ceety haes a broad range o convention facilities, educational facilities, cultural venues, shoppin arcades an recreational auries.

The ceety proper is admeenistratively kent as the Municipality o Bucharest (Municipiul București), an haes the same admrrnistrative level as a coonty, being further subdividit intae sax sectors.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o Bucur haes an uncertain oreegin: tradition connects the foondin o Bucharest wi the name o Bucur who wis either a prince, an ootlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter, accordin tae different legends.[12] In Romanian the wird stem bucur means 'glad', 'joy'.

The offeecial ceety name in full is The Municipality o Bucharest (Romanie: Municipiul București).

A native or resident o Bucharest is cried Bucharester (Romanie: bucureștean).

The name is relatit wi Romanian bucurie ("joy"), haein a cognate in Albanian, bukur ("bonnie") an aa Bukuresht ( It's bonnie ).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns—Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The twin touns an sister cities o Bucharest are leetit ablo:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Paris of the east". The Irish Times. 5 Mey 2009. Archived frae the original on 4 Juin 2012. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2011.
  2. a b INS. "Romanian Statistical Yearbook" (PDF) (in Inglis). Retrieved 12 Februar 2009.
  3. a b "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Retrieved 14 Apryle 2011.
  4. a b "Official data for 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. 4 Julie 2013. Archived frae the original on 6 Julie 2013. Retrieved 4 Julie 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. a b "Urban Audit: Bucharest Profile". Archived frae the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2011.
  6. Bucharest, the small Paris of the East Archived 2006-02-21 at the Wayback Machine, on the Museums from Romania web site.
  7. Bucica, 2000, p.6.
  8. XIX Meeting of METREX Network, Nürnberg, 15–18 June 2005. ""Bucharest: Few expectations for urban development", page 29" (PDF) (in Inglis). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 26 Februar 2008. Retrieved 7 Mairch 2007.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  9. "Adevarul: The BMZ in numbers". Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  10. "EVZ". Archived frae the original on 21 Mairch 2009. Retrieved 1 Juin 2009.
  11. PriceWaterhouseCoopers Global Regional Attractiveness Report Romania Archived 2006-03-13 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "DEX online – Cautare: bucur". Dexonline.ro. Retrieved 7 Julie 2009.
  13. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. tirana.gov.al. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 16 Februar 2008. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  14. Wikisource.org (in Portuguese)
  15. "Pesquisa de Legislação Municipal – No 14471". Prefeitura da Cidade de São Paulo [Municipality of the City of São Paulo] (in Portuguese). Archived frae the original on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2013. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  16. Lei Municipal de São Paulo 14471 de 2007 WikiSource (in Portuguese)
  17. "International Relations – São Paulo City Hall – Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 14 Apryle 2011.
  18. a b c d e f g h "Academy of Economic Studies – Short History of Bucharest". Ase.edu.ro. Archived frae the original on 11 Mey 2008. Retrieved 31 Januar 2010.
  19. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2010. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  20. "Oraşe înfrăţite (Twin cities of Minsk) [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Romanian). Primăria Municipiului Chişinău. Archived frae the original on 3 September 2012. Retrieved 21 Julie 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  21. "Sister Cities of Manila". 2008–2009 City Government of Manila. Archived frae the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009.
  22. "Kardeş Kentleri Listesi ve 5 Mayıs Avrupa Günü Kutlaması [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Turkish). Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi – Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Archived frae the original on 14 Januar 2009. Retrieved 21 Julie 2013.
  23. "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality: Cities which signed Sistership, Cooperation and Goodwill treaties with Istanbul" (PDF). Retrieved 15 December 2012.