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Prishtina / Prishtinë
Приштина / Priština
Clockwise frae tap: Panorama, Clock Touer, Skanderbeg Square, Naitional Leebrar, Newborn monument, Govrenment Biggin, Skanderbeg monument, the Naitional Museum an Prishtina at nicht.
Clockwise frae tap: Panorama, Clock Touer, Skanderbeg Square, Naitional Leebrar, Newborn monument, Govrenment Biggin, Skanderbeg monument, the Naitional Museum an Prishtina at nicht.
Pristina is located in Kosovo
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
DestrictDestrict o Pristina
 • Municipality an Ceety854 km2 (330 sq mi)
652 m (2,139 ft)
 • Municipality an Ceety198,214
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • Metro
465,186 (2,011 Census)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+381 38
WebsiteMunicipality of Pristina (in Albanie)

Pristina, spelt Prishtina or Priština an aw Aboot this soondlisten  (Albanie: Prishtinë or Prishtina, Serbian: Приштина, Priština; Turkis: Priştine) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Kosovo[a]. It is the admeenistrative centre o the homonymous municipality an destrict.

It is estimatit that the current population o the ceety stands atween 500,000[1] an 600,000.[2] The ceety haes a majority Albanian population, alangside ither smawer communities includin Turks, Bosniaks, Roma an ithers. It is the administrative, educational, an cultural centre o Kosovo. The ceety is home tae the University o Pristina an is served bi the Pristina Internaitional Airport.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the ceety is derived frae a Slavic form *Prišьčь, a possessive adjective frae the personal name *Prišьkъ, (preserved in the Kajkavian surname Prišek, in the Auld Polish personal name Przyszek, and in the Polish surname Przyszek) an the derivational suffix -ina 'belongin tae X an his kin'. The name is maist likely a patronymic o the personal name *Prišь, preserved as a surname in Polish Przysz an Sorbian Priš, a hypochoristic o the Slavic personal name Pribyslavъ.[3] A false etymology connects the name Priština wi Serbo-Croatian prišt (пришт), meanin 'ulcer' or 'tumour', referring tae its 'boilin'.[4] Housomeivver, this explanation canna be correct, as Slavic place names ending in -ina corresponding tae an adjective an/or name o an inhabitant lackin this suffix are built frae personal names or denote a person an niver derive, unner these conditions, frae common nouns (SNOJ 2007: loc. cit.). The inhabitants o this ceety caw themselves Prishtinali in local Gheg Albanian or Prištevci (Приштевци) in the local Serbian dialect.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pristina is locatit at the geographical coordinates 42° 40' 0" North an 21° 10' 0" East an covers 572 square kilometre (221 sq mi). It lies in the north-eastren part o Kosovo close tae the Goljak mountains. Frae Pristina there is a guid view o the Šar Mountains which lie several kilometres away in the sooth o Kosovo. Pristina is locatit beside twa lairge touns, Obilić an Kosovo Polje. In fact Pristina haes grown so muckle these past years that it haes connectit wi Kosovo Polje. Lake Badovac is juist a few kilometres tae the sooth o the ceety.

There is nae river passin through the ceety o Pristina nou but there wis ane that passed through the centre. The river flows through unnergrund tunnels an is let oot intae the surface when it passes the ceety. The reason for coverin the river wis because the river passed bi the local market an awbody dumped their waste there. This caused an awful smell an the river haed tae be covered.

The river nou ae flows through Pristina's suburbs in the north an in the sooth.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pristina is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kosovo is the subject o a territorial dispute atween the Republic o Serbie an the sel-proclaimed Republic o Kosovo. The latter declared unthirldom on 17 Februar 2008, but Serbie continues tae claim it as pairt o its awn sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence haes been recognised bi 103 oot o 193 Unitit Nations member states.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. OSCE municipal profile of Pristina PDF, April 2008. Retrieved on 20 Juin 2008.
  2. UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office Country Profiles: Kosovo. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
  3. SNOJ, Marko. 2007. Origjina e emrit të vendit Prishtinë. In: BOKSHI, Besim (ed.). Studime filologjike shqiptare: konferencë shkencore, 21-22 nëntor 2007. Prishtinë: Akademia e Shkencave dhe e Arteve e Kosovës, 2008, pp. 277-281.
  4. This etymology is mentioned in ROOM, Adrian: Placenames of the World, Second Edition, McFarland, 2006, page 304. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3
  5. "Turkey's Bursa, Kosovo's Pristina become sister cities" worldbulletin.net 2 September 2010 Link accessed 2 September 2010
  6. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 16 Februar 2008. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  7. Twinning Cities: International Relations. Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.

Template:Historic caipitals o Serbie