Pristina

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Pristina
Municipality an Ceety
Pristina
Prishtina / Prishtinë
Приштина / Priština
Pristina is located in Kosovo
Pristina
Pristina
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
Kintra Kosovo
Destrict Destrict o Pristina
Area
 • Municipality an Ceety 854 km2 (330 sq mi)
Elevation 652 m (2,139 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Municipality an Ceety 198,214
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • Metro 465,186 (2,011 Census)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 38
Website Municipality of Pristina (Albanie)

Pristina, spelt Prishtina or Priština an aw Aboot this soond listen  (Albanie: Prishtinë or Prishtina, Serbian: Приштина, Priština; Turkis: Priştine‎) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Kosovo[1]. It is the admeenistrative centre o the homonymous municipality an destrict.

It is estimatit that the current population o the ceety stands atween 500,000[2] an 600,000[3]. The ceety haes a majority Albanian population, alangside ither smawer communities includin Turks, Bosniaks, Roma an ithers. It is the administrative, educational, an cultural centre o Kosovo. The ceety is home tae the University o Pristina an is served bi the Pristina Internaitional Airport.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the ceety is derived frae a Slavic form *Prišьčь, a possessive adjective frae the personal name *Prišьkъ, (preserved in the Kajkavian surname Prišek, in the Auld Polish personal name Przyszek, and in the Polish surname Przyszek) an the derivational suffix -ina 'belongin tae X an his kin'. The name is maist likely a patronymic o the personal name *Prišь, preserved as a surname in Polish Przysz an Sorbian Priš, a hypochoristic o the Slavic personal name Pribyslavъ[4]. A false etymology connects the name Priština wi Serbo-Croatian prišt (пришт), meanin 'ulcer' or 'tumour', referring tae its 'boilin'[5]. Housomeivver, this explanation canna be correct, as Slavic place names ending in -ina corresponding tae an adjective an/or name o an inhabitant lackin this suffix are built frae personal names or denote a person an niver derive, unner these conditions, frae common nouns (SNOJ 2007: loc. cit.). The inhabitants o this ceety caw themselves Prishtinali in local Gheg Albanian or Prištevci (Приштевци) in the local Serbian dialect.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pristina is locatit at the geographical coordinates 42° 40' 0" North an 21° 10' 0" East an covers 572 square kilometres (221 sq mi). It lies in the north-eastren part o Kosovo close tae the Goljak mountains. Frae Pristina there is a guid view o the Šar Mountains which lie several kilometres away in the sooth o Kosovo. Pristina is locatit beside twa lairge touns, Obilić an Kosovo Polje. In fact Pristina haes grown so muckle these past years that it haes connectit wi Kosovo Polje. Lake Badovac is juist a few kilometres tae the sooth o the ceety.

There is nae river passin through the ceety o Pristina nou but there wis ane that passed through the centre. The river flows through unnergrund tunnels an is let oot intae the surface when it passes the ceety. The reason for coverin the river wis because the river passed bi the local market an awbody dumped their waste there. This caused an awful smell an the river haed tae be covered.

The river nou ae flows through Pristina's suburbs in the north an in the sooth.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pristina is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Kosovo-note
  2. OSCE municipal profile of Pristina PDF, April 2008. Retrieved on 20 Juin 2008.
  3. UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office Country Profiles: Kosovo. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
  4. SNOJ, Marko. 2007. Origjina e emrit të vendit Prishtinë. In: BOKSHI, Besim (ed.). Studime filologjike shqiptare: konferencë shkencore, 21-22 nëntor 2007. Prishtinë: Akademia e Shkencave dhe e Arteve e Kosovës, 2008, pp. 277-281.
  5. This etymology is mentioned in ROOM, Adrian: Placenames of the World, Second Edition, McFarland, 2006, page 304. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3
  6. "Turkey's Bursa, Kosovo's Pristina become sister cities" worldbulletin.net 2 September 2010 Link accessed 2 September 2010
  7. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  8. Twinning Cities: International Relations. Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.

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