Serbie leid

Frae Wikipedia
(Reguidit frae Serbian leid)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Serbie
српски / srpski
Pronunciation [sr̩̂pskiː]
Native tae Serbie, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, Montenegro, Croatie, an Serb diaspora
Ethnicity Serbs
Native speakers
c. 8 million in the Balkans (2016)[1]
0.5–1.5 million abroad[2]
Cyrillic (Serbie alphabet)
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Yugoslav Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Serbie
 Bosnie an Herzegovinae (co-official)
 Kosovo[lower-alpha 1](co-offeecial)
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit bi Buird for Staundartisation o the Serbie Leid
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 sr
ISO 639-2 srp
ISO 639-3 srp
Glottolog serb1264[8]
Linguasphere pairt o 53-AAA-g
Map of Serbian language - official or recognized.PNG
  Kintras whaur Serbie is an offeecial leid.
  Kintras whaur it is recognised as a minority leid.
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

Serbie (Serbie Cyrillic: српски, Serbie Laitin: srpski, pronounced [sr̩̂p.skiː]) is a form o Serbo-Croatie,[9][10][11] a Sooth Slavic leid, spoken bi Serbs[12] in Serbie, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, Montenegro, Croatie an neighbourin kintras.[13]

The main dialect o Serbie, on which the literary an staundart leid is based, is Shtokavie - which is an aa the basis o Staundart Croatie, Bosnie, an Montenegrin.[14] The ither principal dialect, Torlakian, is disputit as tae whether it's a Serbie dialect, or a transitional dialect atween Bulgarie an Serbie.

Serbie is staundartized aroond Šumadija-Vojvodina an Eastren Herzegovinie subdialects o Shtokavie. Apairt frae Shtokavian, the Torlak dialect, transitional tae Macedonie an Bulgarie, is spoken in sootheast Serbie. Housomeivver, it does no hae a literary tradition an is considered a law-prestige dialect.

Serbie is the anerlie European leid wi active digraphia, uisin baith Cyrillic an Laitin alphabets.[15] The Serbie Cyrillic alphabet wis devised in 1814 bi Serbie linguist Vuk Karadžić, who creatit the alphabet on phonemic principles. The Laitin alphabet wis designed bi Croatie linguist Ljudevit Gaj in 1830 an is uised bi the ither staundart forms o Serbo-Croatie.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named status

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Includin, as o 2016, 6.33 million in Serbie (88% o the population), 1.08 million in Bosnie an Herzegovina (30.8%), 265,000 in Montenegro (42.8%), 100,000 in Kosovo, 52,000 in Croatie, an 24,000 in North Macedonie Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed.
  2. Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. 
  3. Ec.Europa.eu Archived 2007-11-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. B92.net Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. "Minority Rights Group International : Czech Republic : Czech Republic Overview". Minorityrights.org. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  6. "Národnostní menšiny v České republice a jejich jazyky" [National Minorities in Czech Republic and Their Language] (PDF) (in Czech). Government of Czech Republic. p. 2. Archived (PDF) frae the oreeginal on 2016-03-15. Podle čl. 3 odst. 2 Statutu Rady je jejich počet 12 a jsou uživateli těchto menšinových jazyků: [...], srbština a ukrajinština 
  7. "Minority Rights Group International : Macedonia : Macedonia Overview". Minorityrights.org. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  8. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Serbian Standard". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  9. David Dalby, Linguasphere (1999/2000, Linguasphere Observatory), pg. 445, 53-AAA-g, "Srpski+Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian".
  10. Benjamin W. Fortson IV, Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting one language called Serbo-Croatian."
  11. Václav Blažek, "On the Internal Classification of Indo-European Languages: Survey" retrieved 20 Oct 2010, pp. 15-16.
  12. E.C. Hawkesworth, "Serbian-Croatian-Bosnian Linguistic Complex", also B Arsenijević, "Serbia and Montenegro: Language Situation". Both in the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, 2006.
  13. Kwintessential.co.uk
  14. Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'?, Radio Free Europe, February 21, 2009
  15. http://www.effectivelanguagelearning.com/language-guide/serbian-language