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Serbie leid

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
српски / srpski
Native taeSerbie, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, Montenegro, Croatie, an Serb diaspora
Native speakers
c. 8 million in the Balkans (2016)[1]
0.5–1.5 million abroad[2]
Cyrillic (Serbie alphabet)
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Yugoslav Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Bosnie an Herzegovinae (co-official)
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit biBuird for Staundartisation o the Serbie Leid
Leid codes
ISO 639-1sr
ISO 639-2srp
ISO 639-3srp
Linguaspherepairt o 53-AAA-g
  Kintras whaur Serbie is an offeecial leid.
  Kintras whaur it is recognised as a minority leid.
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Serbie (Serbie Cyrillic: српски, Serbie Laitin: srpski, pronounced [sr̩̂p.skiː]) is a form o Serbo-Croatie,[9][10][11] a Sooth Slavic leid, spoken bi Serbs[12] in Serbie, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, Montenegro, Croatie an neighbourin kintras.[13]

The main dialect o Serbie, on which the literary an staundart leid is based, is Shtokavie - which is an aa the basis o Staundart Croatie, Bosnie, an Montenegrin.[14] The ither principal dialect, Torlakian, is disputit as tae whether it's a Serbie dialect, or a transitional dialect atween Bulgarie an Serbie.

Serbie is staundartized aroond Šumadija-Vojvodina an Eastren Herzegovinie subdialects o Shtokavie. Apairt frae Shtokavian, the Torlak dialect, transitional tae Macedonie an Bulgarie, is spoken in sootheast Serbie. Housomeivver, it does no hae a literary tradition an is considered a law-prestige dialect.

Serbie is the anerlie European leid wi active digraphia, uisin baith Cyrillic an Laitin alphabets.[15] The Serbie Cyrillic alphabet wis devised in 1814 bi Serbie linguist Vuk Karadžić, who creatit the alphabet on phonemic principles. The Laitin alphabet wis designed bi Croatie linguist Ljudevit Gaj in 1830 an is uised bi the ither staundart forms o Serbo-Croatie.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named status

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Includin, as o 2016, 6.33 million in Serbie (88% o the population), 1.08 million in Bosnie an Herzegovina (30.8%), 265,000 in Montenegro (42.8%), 100,000 in Kosovo, 52,000 in Croatie, an 24,000 in North Macedonie Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed.
  2. Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  3. Ec.Europa.eu Archived 2007-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. B92.net Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Minority Rights Group International : Czech Republic : Czech Republic Overview". Minorityrights.org. Archived frae the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. "Národnostní menšiny v České republice a jejich jazyky" [National Minorities in Czech Republic and Their Language] (PDF) (in Czech). Government of Czech Republic. p. 2. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 15 Mairch 2016. Podle čl. 3 odst. 2 Statutu Rady je jejich počet 12 a jsou uživateli těchto menšinových jazyků: [...], srbština a ukrajinština Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. "Minority Rights Group International : Macedonia : Macedonia Overview". Minorityrights.org. Archived frae the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  8. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Serbian Standard". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  9. David Dalby, Linguasphere (1999/2000, Linguasphere Observatory), pg. 445, 53-AAA-g, "Srpski+Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian".
  10. Benjamin W. Fortson IV, Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting one language called Serbo-Croatian."
  11. Václav Blažek, "On the Internal Classification of Indo-European Languages: Survey" retrieved 20 Oct 2010, pp. 15-16.
  12. E.C. Hawkesworth, "Serbian-Croatian-Bosnian Linguistic Complex", also B Arsenijević, "Serbia and Montenegro: Language Situation". Both in the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, 2006.
  13. Kwintessential.co.uk Archived 2016-05-01 at the Wayback Machine
  14. Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'?, Radio Free Europe, February 21, 2009
  15. http://www.effectivelanguagelearning.com/language-guide/serbian-language