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Serbie (Serbie Cyrillic: српски, Serbie Laitin: srpski, pronounced [sr̩̂p.skiː]) is a form o Serbo-Croatie, a Sooth Slavic leid, spoken bi Serbs in Serbie, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, Montenegro, Croatie an neighbourin kintras.
The main dialect o Serbie, on which the literary an staundart leid is based, is Shtokavie - which is an aa the basis o Staundart Croatie, Bosnie, an Montenegrin. The ither principal dialect, Torlakian, is disputit as tae whether it's a Serbie dialect, or a transitional dialect atween Bulgarie an Serbie.
Serbie is staundartized aroond Šumadija-Vojvodina an Eastren Herzegovinie subdialects o Shtokavie. Apairt frae Shtokavian, the Torlak dialect, transitional tae Macedonie an Bulgarie, is spoken in sootheast Serbie. Housomeivver, it does no hae a literary tradition an is considered a law-prestige dialect.
Serbie is the anerlie European leid wi active digraphia, uisin baith Cyrillic an Laitin alphabets. The Serbie Cyrillic alphabet wis devised in 1814 bi Serbie linguist Vuk Karadžić, who creatit the alphabet on phonemic principles. The Laitin alphabet wis designed bi Croatie linguist Ljudevit Gaj in 1830 an is uised bi the ither staundart forms o Serbo-Croatie.
References[edit | edit source]
- David Dalby, Linguasphere (1999/2000, Linguasphere Observatory), pg. 445, 53-AAA-g, "Srpski+Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian".
- Benjamin W. Fortson IV, Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting one language called Serbo-Croatian."
- Václav Blažek, "On the Internal Classification of Indo-European Languages: Survey" retrieved 20 Oct 2010, pp. 15-16.
- E.C. Hawkesworth, "Serbian-Croatian-Bosnian Linguistic Complex", also B Arsenijević, "Serbia and Montenegro: Language Situation". Both in the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, 2006.
- Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'?, Radio Free Europe, February 21, 2009
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