Baku

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Baku

Bakı
Ceety
Details o the façade o Dede Qorqut on the Ismailiyya bigginMaiden Touer o BakuPhilharmony Foontain in front o the Magomayev Philharmonic HallA veshel on the Bay o BakuBaku BoulevardBaku montage. Clickin on an eemage in the pictur causes the brouser tae laid the appropriate airticle.
About this image
Clockwise: Details o the façade o the Ismailiyya biggin, Philharmony Foontain in front o the Magomayev Philharmonic Hall, a veshel on the Bay o Baku wi the skyline o the ceety, an the Maiden Touer – clickable eemage
Official seal of Baku
Seal
Baku is located in Azerbaijan
Baku
Baku
Location in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 40°23′43″N 49°52′56″E / 40.39528°N 49.88222°E / 40.39528; 49.88222Coordinates: 40°23′43″N 49°52′56″E / 40.39528°N 49.88222°E / 40.39528; 49.88222
Kintra Azerbaijan
Govrenment
 • MayorHajibala Abutalybov
Area
 • Ceety2130 km2 (820 sq mi)
Elevation
-28 m (−92 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Ceety2,293,700[1]
 • Density1,057/km2 (2,740/sq mi)
 • Urban
3,125,000[3]
 • Metro
5,105,200
Demonym(s)Bakuvian[4] Azerbaijani: Bakılı
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (AZST)
Postal code
AZ1000
Area code(s)12
WebsiteBakuCity.az

Baku (Azerbaijani: Bakı) whiles kent as Baqy, Baky, Baki or Bakou, is the caipital, the lairgest ceety, an the lairgest port o Azerbaijan an entire Caucasus. Locatit on the soothren shore o the Absheron Peninsula, the ceety consists o twa principal pairts: the dountoun an the auld Inner Ceety (21.5 ha). Datin tae antiquity, its urban population at the beginnin o 2009 wis estimatit at juist ower twa million fowk.

Baku is dividit intae eleiven admeenistrative destricts (raions) an 48 tounships. Amang thir are the tounships on islands in the Baku Bay an the toun o Oil Rocks biggit on stilts in the Caspian Sea, 60 km (37 mi) away frae Baku. The Walled Ceety o Baku alang wi the Shirvanshah's Palace an Maiden Touer wur inscribed as a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid in 2000. Accordin tae the Lonely Planet's rankin Baku is amangst the warld's tap ten destinations for urban nichtlife anaa.[5]

The ceety serves as the main financial hub o Azerbaijan. Mony sizeable Azerbaijani facilities hae thair heidquarters thare, includin SOCAR, ane o the warld's tap 100 companies.[6]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baku is twinned wi:[7][in chronological order]

Kintra Ceety State / Province / Region / Govrenorate Date
Senegal Senegal Dakar CoA.png Dakar Logo council region dakar.png Dakar Region 1967[8][9]
Italy Italy CoA Città di Napoli.svg Naples Flag of Campania.svg Campanie 1972[10]
Iraq Iraq Basra Basra Govrenorate 1972[8]
Bosnie an Herzegovinae Bosnie an Herzegovinae Coat of arms of Sarajevo.svg Sarajevo Flag of Sarajevo Canton.png Sarajevo Canton 1975[8][9]
United States Unitit States Houston Flag of Texas.svg Texas 1976[11]
Fraunce Fraunce Blason ville fr Bordeaux (Gironde).svg Bordeaux Flag of Aquitaine.svg Aquitaine 1979[8]
Iran Iran Tabriz East Azerbaijan Province 1980[9]
Turkey Turkey Izmir İzmir Province 1985[12]
Vietnam Vietnam Vũng Tàu Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province 1985[8]
United States Unitit States Honolulu Flag of Hawaii.svg Hawaii 1998[13]

Pairtnership relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pairtnership relations exist at different levels wi:[14] Berlin, Paris, Aiberdeen, Vienna, Stavanger, Tbilisi, Astana, Minsk, Moscow, Volgograd, Kizlyar, Tashkent an Chengdu.

Metro[eedit | eedit soorce]

Baku Metro
Baku Metro logo
Icheri Sheher, Baku (P1090266).jpg
Entrance o the Baku Metro at Icheri Sheher station
Owerview
Native nameBakı metrosu o Bakı metropoliteni
AwnerRepublic o Azerbaijan
LocaleBaku
Transit teepRapid transit
Nummer o lines4[15]
Nummer o stations27[15]
Daily ridership629,315 (2019)[16]
Annual ridership229.7 million (2019)[16]
Operation
Begoud operation6 November 1967; 55 years ago (1967-11-06)[15]
Operator(s)Bakı Metropoliteni (state closed joint stock company)
Number o vehicles228 trains
Technical
Seestem lenth43.3 km (26.9 mi)[15]
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)[15]
Electrification825 V DC third rail[15]

The Baku Metro (Azerbaijani: Bakı metrosu or Bakı metropoliteni) is a rapid transit seestem in the Azerbaijani caipital ceety Baku. It wis opened for service in 1967. The Baku Metro haes 27 stations an its route lenth is 43.3 km (26.9 mi). Aw stations, except twa, are unnergrund.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. https://www.stat.gov.az/source/demoqraphy/?lang=en
  2. "Administrative, density and territorial units and land size by economic regions of Azerbaijan Republic for January 1. 2007". Archived frae the original on 24 November 2007. Retrieved 17 Julie 2009.
  3. Demographia: World Urban Areas Archived 5 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine – Demographia, 2016
  4. Thomas de Waal (2010). The Caucasus: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-19-975043-2.
  5. "Travel Picks: Top 10 cities to party the night away". Reuters. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
  6. State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic: Transition from National to Transnational Company or Demand of Time? Archived 2012-01-11 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "The main directions of foreign relations of the executive authorities of Baku". Archived frae the original on 14 Julie 2007. Retrieved 15 Julie 2007.
  8. a b c d e Musa Gasymly (2005). "АЗЕРБАЙДЖАН В МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫХ КУЛЬТУРНЫХ СВЯЗЯХ(1946–1990 гг.)" [Azerbaijan's cultural affairs (1946–1990)]. Tbilisi: Artanuchi. Retrieved 4 Februar 2010.
  9. a b c "ВСЕ ОСТАЕТСЯ ЛЮДЯМ" [Everything remains for people]. 29 (19725). Vyshka. 25 Julie 2008. Retrieved 4 Februar 2010.
  10. Flexibe Solutions (26 October 2007). "Embassy of Azerbaijan Republic in Italy". Azembassy.it. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  11. Maud Beck (Winter 2006). "Sister Cities: Baku and Houston. Celebrating 30 Years as Sister Cities". Azerbaijan International: 68–71. Archived frae the original on 2 Februar 2010. Retrieved 4 Februar 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  12. "Izmir Metropolitan Municipality". Izmir.bel.tr. Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2011. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2010.
  13. [1] Archived 2012-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
  14. (in Roushie)"Executive Power of the Baku City". Azerbaijan.az. Retrieved 8 Apryle 2008.
  15. a b c d e f "Baku Metro". UrbanRail. 23 December 2022. Retrieved 25 December 2022.
  16. a b "Metrodan istifadə edənlərin sayı artıb" [The nummer o subway users increased] (in Azerbaijani). Baku. Azerbaijan State News Agency (AZƏRTAC). 21 Januar 2019. Archived frae the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.