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A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.
A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.
Banner o Riga
Official seal of Riga
Riga is located in Latvia
Location within Latvie
Riga is located in Baltic states
Location within the Baltics
Riga is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639
Kintra Latvie
 • TeepCeety cooncil
 • MayorNils Ušakovs
(2002) [2]
 • Ceety307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi)
 • Water48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro
10132 km2 (3,912 sq mi)
 • Ceety706,413
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,098,523 (Riga Region)
 • Metro density108.3/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Demonym
(2010) [4]
 • Latvies42.5 %
 • Roushies40.7 %
 • Belaroushies4.0 %
 • Ukrainians3.9 %
 • Poles2.0 %
 • Ithers6.7 %
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Cawin codes66 & 67

Riga (Latvie: Rīga, pronounced [riːɡa] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Latvie, a major industrial, commercial, cultural an financial centre o the Baltics, an an important seaport, situatit on the mouth o the Daugava. Wi 706,413 inhabitants (2010), it is the lairgest ceety o the Baltic states an third-lairgest in the Baltic region, ahint Saunt Petersburg an Stockholm (coontin residents athin the ceety limits). Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) an lies atween 1 an 10 metres (3.3 an 33 ft) abuin sea level, on a flat an sandy plain.

Riga's historical centre haes been declared a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, an the ceety is pairticularly notable for its extensive Jugendstil (German Art Nouveau) airchitecture, which UNESCO considers tae be unparalleled onywhere in the warld.[5]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane theory for the oreegin o the name Riga is that it is a corruptit borraein frae the Liv ringa meanin luip, referrin tae the auncient natural harbour formed bi the tributary luip o the Daugava.[6][7] The ither is that Riga awes its name tae this awready-established role in commerce atween East an Wast,[8] as a borraein o the Latvian rija, for threshin barn, the "j" becomin a "g" in German—notably, Riga is cried Rie bi Inglis geographer Richard Hakluyt (1589),[9][10] an German historian Dionysius Fabricius (1610) confirms the oreegin o Riga frae rija.[9][11] Anither theory coud be that Riga wis named efter Riege, the German name for the River Rīdzene, a tributary o the Daugava.[12]

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Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Riga maintains sister ceety relationships wi the follaein ceeties:[13]

Denmark Aalborg, Denmark[14] Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Beijing, Cheenae[15] Fraunce Bordeaux, Fraunce Germany Bremen, Germany Australie Cairns, Australie
Fraunce Calais, Fraunce United States Dallas, Texas, Unitit States Italy Florence, Italy Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
Japan Kobe, Japan [16] Belaroushie Minsk, Belaroushie Roushie Moscow, Roushie Swaden Norrköping, Swaden
Finland Pori, Finland United States Providence, Rhode Island, Unitit States[17] Germany Rostock, Germany Roushie Saunt Petersburg, Roushie:[18]
Chile Santiago, Chile Unitit Kinrick Slough, Unitit Kinrick[19] Swaden Stockholm, Swaden Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Suzhou, Cheenae
Republic o Cheenae Taipei, Taiwan[20] Estonie Tallinn, Estonie Uzbekistan Tashkent, Uzbekistan Estonie Tartu, Estonie
Georgie (kintra) Tbilisi, Georgie Lithuanie Vilnius, Lithuanie Poland Warsaw, Poland [21]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Riga City Council". Riga City Council. Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 22 Julie 2009.
  2. "Riga in Figures". Riga Ceety Cooncil. Archived frae the original on 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  3. "Table IE52:Resident Population by Region, City and District at the beginning of the year". csb.gov.lv. Archived frae the original on 27 Mey 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  4. "Resident Population by Ethnicity and by Region, Cityr and District at the Bebinning of the Year". csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 22 Julie 2010. [deid airtin]
  5. "World Heritage List — Riga (Latvia); No. 852" (PDF). unesco.org. pp. 3 (67). Retrieved 25 Julie 2009.
  6. "Teritorija un administratīvās robežas vēsturiskā skatījumā" (in Latvian). Cities Environmental Reports on the Internet. Archived frae the original on 13 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. Endzelīns, Did Celts Inhabit the Baltics (1911 Dzimtene's Vēstnesis (Homeland Messenger) No. 227) Archived 2008-12-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  8. Vauchez et al. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Routledge, 2001
  9. a b Bilmanis, A. Latvia as an Independent State. Latvian Legation. 1947.
  10. Pronouncing the "i" and "e" separately, REE-eh, is the best approximation tae the Latvian rija, as "Ria" wad result in an "i" no "ee" soond.
  11. Fabrius, D. Livonicae Historiae Compendiosa Series, 1610: Riga nomen sortita est suum ab aedificiis vel horreis quorum a litus Dunae magna fuit copia, quas livones sua lingua Rias vocare soliti. (in Laitin)
  12. "Rīdziņa". Archived frae the original on 11 Julie 2007. Retrieved 20 Februar 2011.
  13. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 27 Julie 2009.
  14. "Aalborg Kommune - Venskabsbyer". Web.archive.org. 14 November 2007. Archived frae the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009."Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 20 Februar 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2010. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  16. "Sister City, Friendly City, Friendship & Cooperation City" (in Japanese). © 2007-2009 City of Kobe. Retrieved 14 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  17. "Mayor Announces Sister City — Meeting (7/30/2003)". Providence, RI, Office of the Mayor. Retrieved 17 Januar 2007.
  18. "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Archived frae the original on 24 Februar 2009. Retrieved 27 Julie 2009.
  19. "British Latvian Trade – the magazine of the British Chamber of Commerce in Latvia" (PDF). pp. 10, col. 2. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 26 Juin 2008. Retrieved 11 Februar 2008.
  20. Sister city list Archived 2014-04-10 at the Wayback Machine (.DOC)
  21. (in Pols) "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 Mey 2005. Archived frae the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2008.

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