Tartu

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For ither uises, see Tartu (disambiguation).
Tartu
Ceety
Owerleukin Toun Haw Square frae Toome Hill.
Owerleukin Toun Haw Square frae Toome Hill.
Banner o Tartu
Banner
Coat o airms o Tartu
Coat o airms
Motto(s): 
Heade mõtete linn (ceety o guid thochts)
Tartu is locatit in Estonie
Tartu
Tartu
Location in Estonie
Coordinates: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
Kintra Estonie
CoontyTartumaa lipp.svg Tartu Coonty
First settled5t century AD
First mentioned1030
Ceety richtsafore 1262
Named forTaara or tarvas (Aurochs)
Govrenment
 • MayorUrmas Kruuse (Reform Pairty)
Area
 • Total38.86 km2 (15 sq mi)
 • Land37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
 • Water1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)  3.39%
Elevation
57.2 m (188 ft)
Highest elevation
79 m (259 ft)
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Tot98,449
 • Density2,679/km2 (6,936/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonies80%
 • Roushies15%
 • ither5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Wabsteidhttp://tartu.ee/

Tartu is the seicont lairgest ceety o Estonie. In contrast tae Estonie's poleetical an financial caipital Tallinn, Tartu is aften considert the intellectual an cultural hub, especially syne it is hame tae Estonie's auldest an maist renouned varsity. Situatit 186 km sootheast o Tallinn, the ceety is the centre o soothren Estonie. The Emajõgi river, that connects the twa lairgest lochs o Estonie, crosses Tartu. The ceety is served bi Tartu Airport.

Historical names[eedit | eedit soorce]

As Tartu haes been unner the guidal o various rulers ootthrou its history, thare are various names for the ceety in unalike leids. Maist o thaim derive frae the earliest attestit form, the Estonie Tarbatu. In German, Swadish an Polish the toun haes been, an whiles still is, kent as Aboot this soondDorpat , a variant o Tarbatu. In Roushie, the ceety haes been kent as Юрьев (Yuryev) efter Yaroslav I the Wise an Дерпт (Derpt), a variant o Dorpat (housomeivver, syne 1917 the Estonie name Tartu is uised). Similarly, the ceety haes been kent as Tērbata in Latvian.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tartu is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Population by sex, age group and county, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  2. "Frederiksberg Municipality – Twin Towns" (in Dens). ©2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2009-09-09.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)