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Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Autonomous region
Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese 宁夏回族自治区 (Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū)
 • Abbreviation 宁/寧 (pinyin: Níng)
Map shawin the location o Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Map shawin the location o Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Named for 宁 níng—tranquil
夏 xià—Western Xia
"Tranquil Xia"
(an lairgest ceety)
Divisions 5 prefecturs, 21 coonties, 219 tounships
 • Secretar Chen Jianguo
 • Govrenor Wang Zhengwei
 • Total 66,000 km2 (25,000 sq mi)
Aurie rank 27th
Population (2010)
 • Tot 6,301,350
 • Rank 29th
 • Density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
 • Density rank 25th
 • Ethnic composeetion Han: 62%
Hui: 34%
Manchu: 0.4%
ISO 3166 code CN-64
GDP (2011) CNY 206.0 billion
US$ 32.7 billion (29t)
 • per capita CNY 26,860
US$ 3,968 (17t)
HDI (2008) 0.766 (medium) (23rd)
Simplifee'd Cheenese
Tradeetional Cheenese
Postal Ningsia
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Simplifee'd Cheenese 宁夏回族自治区
Tradeetional Cheenese 寧夏回族自治區

Ningxia, umwhile transliteratit as Ningsia, is an autonomous region (Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region) o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It is locatit in Northwast Cheenae, on the Loess Plateau, an the Yellow River flows through a vast aurie o its land. The Great Waw o Cheenae runs alang its northeastren bundary. The region is the hame o the Hui fowk, ane o the 56 offeecially recognised Naitionalities o Cheenae, an its caipital is Yinchuan.

Ningxia is bundit bi Shaanxi (tae the east) an Gansu (in aw directions but the north) provinces an Inner Mongolie (tae the north) Autonomous Region an haes an aurie o aroond 66,400 square kilometres (25,600 sq mi). Ance a province, Ningxia wis incorporatit intae Gansu in 1954 but wis detached an reconstitutit as an autonomous region for the Hui fowk in 1958. The region is maistly desert an thus spairsely settled, but the vast plain o the Yellow River in the north haes been irrigatit for centuries; ower the years an extensive seestem o canals haes been built. Extensive land reclamation an irrigation projects haes made increased cultivation possible.

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