The Great Waw o Cheenae is a series o fortifications made o stane, brick, tamped yird, firth, an ither materials, generally biggit alang an east-tae-wast line athort the historical northren borders o Cheenae in pairt tae pertect the Cheenese Empire or its prototeepical states agin intrusions bi various nomadic groups or militar incursions bi various warlike fowks or forces. Several waws wur bein biggit sae air as the 7t century BC; thaim, later jyned thegither an biggit heicher an stranger, are nou collectively referred tae as the Great Waw. Especially famous is the waw biggit atween 220–206 BC bi the first Emperor o Cheenae, Qin Shi Huang. Little o that waw remains. Syne then, the Great Waw haes on an aff been rebuilt, maintained, an enhancit; the majority o the existin waw are frae the Ming Dynasty.
↑10,000 li = 6,508 km (4,044 mi). In Chinese, 10,000 figuratively means "infinite", and the number should not be interpreted for its actual value, but rather as meaning the "infinitely long wall".
↑The New York Times wi introduction bi Sam Tanenhaus (2011). The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge: A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind. St. Martin's Press of Macmillan Publishers. p. 1131. ISBN978-0-312-64302-7. Beginning as separate sections of fortification around the 7th century B.C. and unified during the Qin Dynasty in the 3rd century B.C., this wa, biggit o earth an rubble wi a facing of brick or stane, rins frae east to west athort China for ower 4,000 miles.
↑"Great Wall of China". Encyclopædia Britannica. Large parts of the fortification system date frae the 7th through the 4th century BC. In the 3rd century BC Shihuangdi (Qin Shihuang), the first emperor of a united China (under the Qin dynasty), conneckit a number of existing defensive walls into a single system. Traditionally, the eastern terminus of the wall was considered to be Shanhai Pass (Shanhaiguan) in eastern Hebei province along the coast of the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), and the wall’s length—without its branches and other secondary sections—was thought to extend for some 4,160 miles (6,700 km).