Thessaloniki

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Thessaloniki
Θεσσαλονίκη
Ceety
The White Touer

Flag
Official seal of Thessaloniki
Seal
Nickname(s): The co-caipital,
The Bride o the Thermaic Guwf
Thessaloniki is located in Greece
Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
Coordinates: 40°39′N 22°54′E / 40.65°N 22.9°E / 40.65; 22.9
Kintra Banner o Greece Greece
Region Flag of Greek Macedonia.svg Central Macedonie
Regional unit Thessaloniki
Founded 315 BC (2329 years ago)
Incorporated 1912 (101 years ago)
Municipalities 7
Area
 • Urban 111.703 km2 (43.129 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,455.62 km2 (562.02 sq mi)
Highest elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Rank 2nt urban, 2nt metro
 • Urban[1] 790,824
 • Urban density 7,338.8/km2 (19,007/sq mi)
 • Metro[1] 1,006,730
 • Metro density 665.2/km2 (1,723/sq mi)
Demonym Thessalonian
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal codes 53xxx, 54xxx, 55xxx, 56xxx
Telephone 231-xxx-xxxx
Vehicle registration NAx-xxxx tae NXx-xxxx
Patron saunt Saunt Demetrius (26 October)
Gross metropolitan product (2009)
 • Per caipita
€23.0 billion[2]

€19,800[2]
Website www.thessaloniki.gr

Thessaloniki (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη, IPA: [θesaloˈnici]), Thessalonica, or Salonica is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Greece an the caipital o the periphery o Central Macedonie. Its honorific title is Συμпρωτεύουσα (Symprotévousa), literally "co-caipital", a reference tae its historical status as the Συμβασιλεύουσα (Symvasilévousa) or "co-reignin" ceety o the Byzantine Empire, alangside Constantinople.

Accordin tae the 2011 census the municipality o Thessaloniki haes a population o 322,240,[1] while the Thessaloniki Urban Aurie (the contiguous built up aurie formin the "Ceety o Thessaloniki") haes a population o 790,824;[1] makkin it the fift lairgest an maist populatit ceety in the Balkans an the seicont maist populatit ceety that is no a caipital. Furthermair, the Thessaloniki Metropolitan Aurie extends ower an aurie o 1,455.62 km2 (562.02 sq mi) an its population in 2011 reached a total o 1,006,730 inhabitants.[1]

Thessaloniki is Greece's seicont major economic, industrial, commercial an poleetical centre, an a major transportation hub for the rest o sootheastren Europe; its commercial port is an aa o great importance for Greece an its sootheast European hinterland. The ceety hosts an annual International Trade Fair, the Internaitional Thessaloniki Film Festival, an the lairgest bi-annual meetin o the Greek diaspora.[3]

Thessaloniki is hame tae numerous notable Byzantine monuments, includin the Paleochristian an Byzantine monuments o Thessalonika, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, as well as several Ottoman an Sephardic Jewish structurs.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Commemorative stele in Melbourne.

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thessaloniki is twinned with:

Collaborations[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "'Πίνακας 1: Προσωρινά αποτελέσματα του Μόνιμου Πληθυσμού της Ελλάδος'". National Statistical Service of Greece: Ανακοίνωση προσωρινών αποτελεσμάτων Απογραφής Πληθυσμού 2011, 22 Ιουλίου 2011. 
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Eurostat_GDPs
  3. AIGES oHG, www.aiges.net. "SAE - Conventions". En.sae.gr. Retrieved 2009-01-05.