Saarland

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Saarland
State o Germany

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 49°22′59″N 6°49′59″E / 49.38306°N 6.83306°E / 49.38306; 6.83306
Kintra Germany
Caipital Saarbrücken
Government
 • Meenister-Preses Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (CDU)
 • Govrenin pairties CDU / SPD
 • Votes in Bundesrat 3 (o 69)
Area
 • Total 2,568.65 km2 (991.76 sq mi)
Population (2011-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,013,352
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-SL
GDP/ Nominal € 30.06 billion (2010)[citation needit]
NUTS Region DEC
Website saarland.de

Saarland (German pronunciation: [ˈzaːɐlant]; French: Sarre, IPA: [saʁ]) is ane o the saxteen states o Germany. The caipital is Saarbrücken. It haes an aurie o 2570 km² an 1,045,000 inhabitants. In baith aurie an population, it is the smawest state in Germany ither than the ceety-states (Berlin, Bremen an Hamburgh). Its location on the border atween Fraunce an Germany haes given Saarland a unique history.

The Saar did not exist as a unifeed entity till its creation as the Territory o the Saar Basin bi the League o Naitions efter Warld War I. Prior tae this, some pairts o the current entity wur Proushie an ither pairts Bavarie. The inhabitants votit tae rejoin Germany in a plebiscite in 1935.

Frae 1947 tae 1956 the Saar wis a French-occupeed territory (the "Saar Protectorate") separate frae the rest o Germany. In 1955 the inhabitants wur affered unthirldom in a plebiscite, but instead votit tae become a state o Wast Germany. Frae 1920 tae 1935, an then frae 1947 tae 1959, the inhabitants uised postage stamps issued specially for the territory; see postage stamps an postal history o the Saar for details. Atween 1950 an 1956, Saarland wis a member o the Cooncil o Europe. Ane o Lufthansa's Boeing 747-400s (registered D-ABVS) is namit Saarland.

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