The Free State o Thuringie (German: Freistaat Thüringen, pronounced [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋən], Inglis /θjʊərˈrɪndʒiə/) is a state o Germany, locatit in the central pairt o the kintra. It haes an aurie o 16,171 square kilometres (6,244 sq mi) an 2.29 million inhabitants, makkin it the saxt smawest bi aurie and the fifth smallest by population of Germany's sixteen states. Maist o Thuringie is athin the watershed o the Saale, a left tributary o the Elbe. Its caipital is Erfurt.
Thuringia haes been kent bi the nickname o "the green hert o Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) frae the late 19t century, due tae the dense forest that covers the terrain.
Thuringia is well kent in Germany for natur an winter sports. It is hame tae the Rennsteig, Germany's maist famous hikin trail, an the winter resort o Oberhof. Germany wan mair Winter Oleempics gowd medals than ony ither kintra in the last 20 years, an hauf o Germany's gowd medals hae been wan bi Thuringie athletes.