Khovd Province

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Khovd Aimag
Ховд аймаг
Province
Banner o Khovd Aimag
Banner
Coat o airms o Khovd Aimag
Coat o airms
Map mn khovd aimag.png
Coordinates: 47°0′N 92°45′E / 47.000°N 92.750°E / 47.000; 92.750
Kintra Mongolie
Caipital Khovd
Aurie
 • Total 76,060.38 km2 (29,367.08 sq mi)
Population
 • Tot 89,040
 • Density 1.2/km2 (3.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7
Aurie code(s) +976 (0)143
ISO 3166 code MN-043
Wabsteid hovd.gov.mn

Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд‎) is ane o the 21 aimags (provinces) o Mongolie, locatit in the wast o the kintra. Its caipital is namit Khovd an aw.

Khovd is approximately 1,580 km frae Ulan Bator. It is considered remote even for Mongolie staundarts. Name is gien efter Khovd River locatit in this province.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khovd is distinguished bi its multi-cultural population. It is hame tae mair nor 17 naitionalities an ethnicities. Each o thir groups haes its awn destinct traditional dwellin an dounset pattern, dress an ither cultural destinctions, literary, airtistic, an muisical tradeetions. Thare is a rather lairge minority Kazakh-Mongol population that speaks baith Kazakh an Mongolie.

Ethnic groups o Khovd aimag[1]
naitional censuses data
Ethnic
group
Mongolian
name
1979 % 1989 % 2000 %
Khalkha Халх 17,343 27.72 20,397 26.64 23,832 27.45
Zakhchin Захчин 14,464 23.12 17,228 22.50 21,645 24.93
Kazakh Казак 9,425 15.06 12,814 16.74 10,005 11.52
Torguud Торгууд 5,566 8.90 6,703 8.76 6,995 8.06
Ööld Өөлд 4,823 7.71 5,622 7.34 6,503 7.49
Uriankhai Урианхай 4,587 7.33 5,403 7.06 6,592 7.59
Dörvöd Дөрвөд 2,856 4.56 3,609 4.71 5,242 6.04
Myangad Мянгад 2,855 4.56 3,517 4.59 4,287 4.94
Tuvan Тува - - 239 0.31 724 0.83
Bayad Баяд 129 0.21 227 0.30 377 0.43
Uzbek Чантуу 183 0.29 187 0.24 258 0.30
Khoshuud Хошууд - - - - 149 0.17
Ither Mongolie ceetizens 93 0.15 176 0.23 203 0.23
Foreigners 241 0.39 431 0.56 19 0.02
Tot 62,565 100.00 76,553 100.00 86,831 100.00

The Khovd aimag population growt stopped in 1991, then migration oot o the aimag (approx. 20,000 in 1992-2004) compensatit the naitural increase an confined aimag's population athin 87,000 – 92,000 leemits.

Khovd aimag population [2][3][4][5][6]
1956
census
1960
est.
1963
census
1969
census
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1989
census
1991
est.
1993
est.
1995
est.
1997
est.
1999
est.
2000
census
2002
est.
2004
est.
2006
est.
2007
est.
42,300 48,000 47,300 54,000 59,200 62,600 64,500 86,831 89,365 87,171 88,494 91,339 91.490 89,326 89,664 91,770 92,395 89,040

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khovd is notorious for its hairsk wather cycles, as temperaturs regularly reach as heich as 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) an as law as −30 degrees Celsius (−22 degrees Fahrenheit). The climate is dry, as it receives the same average rainfaw o Phoenix, Arizona each year.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Khovd Airport (HVD/ZMKD) haes twa runweys, ane o which is pavit, an gets servit bi regular flichts frae an tae Ulan Bator, Mörön, an Bulgan

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region aroond the ceety is famous in Mongolie for its wattermelon crop.

Thare is a sizable hydroelectric dambiggin project unnerwa that will theoretically generate enough electricity tae pouer the three maist wastren aimags (Uvs, Bayan-Ölgii, an Khovd). Currently, the ceety o Khovd is connectit tae the Roushie pouer grid an subject tae blackoots if it faws ahint in its payments.

Admeenistrative Subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums o Khovd Aimag

The Aimag caipital Khovd is geografically locatit in the Buyant sum, but is admeenistered as unthirlt Jargalant sum. The admeenistrative centre o the Khovd Sum is cried Khovd an aw, which is a common soorce o confusion. The ither admeenistrative centers cairy the name o the respective Sum as well.

The sums o Khovd Aimag[6]
Sum Mongolie Population
1979 census
Population
1991 est.
Population
2007 est.
Sum Centre
Population
Aurie
(km²)[1]
Densitie
(/km²)
Distance
frae Khovd
ceety(km)[1]
Altai Алтай 2,141 2,712 3,234 767 13,144 0.25 310
Bulgan Булган 7,052 9,169 9,634 3,171 8,104 1.19 335
Buyant Буянт 3,361 4,386 3,533 1,568 3,759 0.96 19
Chandmani Чандмань 2,311 2,963 3,155 689 6,016 0.52 160
Darvi Дарви 2,402 2,775 2,596 579 5,604 0.47 204
Dörgön Дөргөн 1,715 2,555 3,015 659 4,128 0.73 106
Duut Дуут 1,675 2,189 2,094 502 2,146 0.98 76
Erdenebüren Эрдэнэбүрэн 2,258 3,210 3,372 696 2,772 1.22 60
Jargalant* Жаргалант 17,620 26,877 29,207 28,601* 70 417.24 0
Khovd Ховд 3,927 4,850 4,589 719 2,830 1.63 27
Mankhan Манхан 3,273 4,352 4,526 1,258 4,330 1.05 80
Mönkhkhairkhan Мөнххайрхан 1,811 2,337 2,554 744 2,554 1.06 155
Möst Мөст 3,239 4,092 3,577 809 3,927 0.91 180
Myangad Мянгад 2,940 4,552 3,662 713 3,258 1.12 35
Tsetseg Цэцэг 2,189 2,645 2,531 570 3,491 0.72 216
Üyench Үенч 2,575 3,913 4,760 1,452 7,476 0.64 305
Zereg Зэрэг 2,388 3,092 3,078 796 2,524 1.23 130

* - The aimag caipital Khovd

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Khovd Aimak Statistical Office. 1983-2008 Dynamics Data Sheet
  2. Statoids (Gwillim Law) web page [1]
  3. National Statistical Office
  4. National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  5. , GeoHive: Global Statistics
  6. 6.0 6.1 Khovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report