Bayan-Ölgii Province

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Bayan-Ölgii Province

Баян-Өлгий аймаг
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠨᠥᠯᠦᠭᠡᠢᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Ölgii
Banner o Bayan-Ölgii Province
Banner
Coat o airms o Bayan-Ölgii Province
Coat o airms
Bayan-Ölgii in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 48°18′N 89°30′E / 48.300°N 89.500°E / 48.300; 89.500Coordinates: 48°18′N 89°30′E / 48.300°N 89.500°E / 48.300; 89.500
KintraMongolie
Established1940
CapitalÖlgii
Area
 • Total45,704.89 km2 (17,646.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Tot90,404
 • Density2.0/km2 (5.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7
Aurie code(s)+976 (0)142
ISO 3166 codeMN-071
Vehicle registrationБӨ_
Wabsteidwww.bayan-olgii.gov.mn

Bayan-Ölgii (Mongolian: Баян-Өлгий‎; Kazakh: Бай-Өлке, Rich cradle/region, alternately spelled Olgiy, Ulgii, etc.) is the wastmaist o the 21 aimags (provinces) o Mongolie. The aimag wis established in 1940. Its caipital is Ölgii.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aimag is locatit in the extreme wast o the kintra, an shares borders wi baith Roushie an Cheenae. The mairch atween the twa neeebourin kintras is vera short here, tho, an ends efter aboot 40 km at the eastren end o Kazakhstan. Athin Mongolie, the neebourin aimags are Uvs in the north east an Khovd in the sootheast..

Lake Tolbo

Bayan-Ölgii is the heichest Mongolie aimag. For the maist pairt it is locatit in the Mongolie Altay, at the transition pynt tae the Roushie Altay. Aboot 10% o the territory are covered bi forests, consistin primarily o Siberie Larch.

The Nairamdal Peak (an aw Friendship Peak, Cheenese: Youyi Feng) o the Altai Tavan Bogd (five saunts muntain) massif muntain marks the corner atween the three neebourin kintras. Aboot 2.5 km further sooth on the Mongolie-Cheenese border, the Hüiten Peak is the heichest pynt o Mongolie wi 4374 m. The massif includes several glaciers, sic as the 19 km Potanin Glacier, an is anerlie accessible tae experiencit climbers wi local guidance.

The Khovd River (the langest in the wastren Mongolie Great Lakes Depression) haes its oreegin in this aimag. It is fed bi the three lakes Khoton, Khurgan, an Dayan, an in turn feeds the lake Khar-Us Lake in the Khovd Aimag. The Tolbo Lake is a lairge saline lake aboot 50 km sooth o the aimag caipital. It features clear an cauld watter on an elevation o 2080 m.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist indwallers o Bayan-Ölgii are Kazakhs (88.7%). Smawer pairts o the population are componed o Uriankhai (7.2%), Dörvöd (1.5%),[1] Khalkha, Tuva an Khoshuud. A significant portion o the population speaks Kazakh as thair mither tongue an the Mongolie leid anerlie as a seicont leid, if at aw.

Efter democratization, mony indwallers muivit tae thair historical hameland, Kazakhstan, assumin thay wad fynd a better futur thare. The result wis a noticeable loss o population in 1991-1993, when approx. 30,000 wur repatriatit tae Kazakhstan. A noticeable nummer o umwhile immigrants hae been returnin, sae that the population haes risen again noticeably.

Bayan-Ölgii aimag population
1956
census
1960
est.
1963
census
1969
census
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1985
est.
1989
census
1991
est.
1993
est.
1995
est.
1998
est.
2000
census
2002
est.
2004
est.
2005
est.
2008
est.
2009
est.
38,800 44,600 47,800 58,100 66,600 71,400 74,500 82,400 90,900 102,817 75,043 82,259 87,341 94,094 98,066 99,112 95,758 93,931 93,017

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Landscape in Bayan-Ölgii Province.
Further information: Islam in Mongolia

The cultur o the Kazakh majority is strangly influenced bi Islamic tradeetions. The mosque o Ölgii an aw houses the Islamic Center o Mongolie. It is placed at an unusual angle within the fabric o the city, acause the building wis oriented exactly towards Mecca. Thare's an aw a Madrasah (Islamic schuil) at the same place.

The aimag is famous for the traditional huntin method uisin trained eagles. The ainimals work in a seemilar wey as huntin falcons dae. While eagles are uised for huntin in ither pairts o the warld, this aurie is arguably the birth place o eagle falconry[citation needit].

Traffic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Ölgii Airport (ULG/ZMUL) haes ane unpavit runway. It affers regular flichts tae Ulaanbaatar an irregular flichts tac Almaty in Kazakhstan.

A road connectin tae Roushie starts in Tsagaannuur.

The mairch wi Cheenae is open anerlie for a short time in the simmer.

Naitional pairks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Altai Tavan Bogd Naitional Pairk covers 6,362 km² an is locatit sooth o the heichest muntain o Mongolie. It includes the lakes Khoton, Khurgan, an Dayan. The protectit aurie affers a hame for mony species o alpine ainimal, sic as the Argali sheep, Ibex, Red deer, Beech marten, Moose, Snaw cock, an Golden eagle.

The Khökh Serkhiin Nuruu Protectit Aurie (659 km²) an the Siilkhemiin Nuruu Naitional Pairk (1,428 km²) are o seemilar character.

The Develiin Aral Natural Reserve (103 km²) is established aroond Develiin Island at the confluence o the rivers Lsan Khooloi an Khovd. Syne 2000 it haes providit pertection for various birds an ainimals includin pheasants, boars, an beavers.

The Tsambagarav Uul National Park includes 1,115 km² o land aroond the glaciers near the Khovd aimag an protects the snaw leopards livin thare, amang ithers.

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums o Bayan-Ölgii
The Sums o Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Sum Mongolie Sum
population
(1985)[citation needit]
Sum
population
(1994)[2]
Sum
population
(2005)[3]
Sum
population
(2008)[4]
Sum
population
(2009)[5]
Sum
centre
population
(2009)[5]
Aurie
(km²)[6]
Density
(/km²)
Distance
frae

Ölgii
city(km)

Altai Алтай 3,400 3,237 3,914 3,659 3,811 973 3,163.56 1.20 112
Altantsögts Алтанцөгц 3,300 3,038 3,038 3,114 3,080 826 1,786.10 1.72 43
Bayannuur Баяннуур 4,800 4,507 5,320 5,012 5,033 1,784 2,339.50 2.15 126
Bugat Бугат 3,300 2,777 3,604 3,741 3,642 1,161 2,049.10 1.78 5
Bulgan Булган 5,000 5,115 5,901 5,827 5,528 944 4,977.33 1.11 294
Buyant Буянт 2,300 2,546 3,002 2,683 2,514 653 1,845.67 1.36 72
Delüün Дэлүүн 6,600 6,782 8,183 7,078 7,133 1,642 5,594.99 1.27 158
Nogoonnuur Ногооннуур 7,500 * 6,331 6,539 6,566 6,375 2,165 5,221.94 * 1.22 * 92
Ölgii (city) Өлгий 24,000 21,569 28,248 28,496 28,448 28,448 100.92 281.89 0
Sagsai Сагсай 4,100 3,746 5,185 5,174 5,089 1,375 3,139.99 1.62 27
Tolbo Толбо 4,100 3,746 4,260 4,076 4,136 1,067 2,974.69 1.39 76
Tsagaannuur Цагааннуур - 1,878 1,528 1,452 1,473 1,473 - - 69
Tsengel Цэнгэл 6,700 6,539 8,364 8,305 8,348 2,028 6,463.17 1.29 79
Ulaankhus Улаанхус 7,300 6,807 8,672 8,748 8,407 1,480 6,047.93 1.39 46

* - Tsagaannuur includin

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Official website: Main Page
  2. http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/oxfamannex1-4.pdf
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named statis
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named prel_report_2008
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bayan-Ölgii Aimag Statistical Office. Annual Report 2009 (prelim.) (mong.)
  6. Bayan-Ölgii Aimag Annual Statistical Report 2008

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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