Töv Province

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Töw Province
Төв аймаг
ᠲᠥᠪᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
The ruins o the Manjusri Monastery
The ruins o the Manjusri Monastery
Banner o Töw Province
Banner
Offeecial seal o Töw Province
Seal
Töv in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 47°30′N 106°15′E / 47.500°N 106.250°E / 47.500; 106.250Coordinates: 47°30′N 106°15′E / 47.500°N 106.250°E / 47.500; 106.250
Kintra Mongolie
Established 1931 (1931)
Caipital Zuunmod
Aurie
 • Total 74,042.37 km2 (28,587.92 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Tot 85,166
 • Density 1.2/km2 (3.0/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+8
Aurie code(s) +976 (0)127
ISO 3166 code MN-047
Vehicle registration ТӨ_
Wabsteid tov.gov.mn

Töv (Mongolian: Төв‎, lit. "central") is ane o the 21 aimags (provinces) o Mongolie. The naitional caipital Ulaanbaatar is locatit roughly at its center, but the ceety itsel is admeenistrated as an independent municipality.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Aimag includes the wastren pairt o the Khentii Muntains, the muntains aroond the caipital, as well as rollin steppe in the sooth an wast. The maist interestin body o watter is the Tuul River, which crosses Ulaanbaatar an later joins the Orkhon River.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Töv aimag is populatit primarily bi Khalha Mongols, major minority group o Kazakhs declined at intercensal period o massive oot migration tae Kazakhstan, rest o minority groups grew o in migrations.

Ethnic groups in Töv aimag (self-identification) 1989, 2000 census[2]
Group Population
Census 1989
Percentage
Census 1989
Population
Census 2000
Percentage
Census 2000
Halh 94,773 94.6% 93,604 94.2%
Kazakh 2,167 2.2% 1,065 1.1%
Buryat 590 0.6% 856 0.9%
Do'rbet 727 0.7% 770 0.8%
Bayid 317 0.3% 745 0.8%
Uriankhai 420 0.4% 524 0.5%
Tuvan 269 0.23% 500 0.5%
Zakhchin 160 0.2% 202 0.2%
Ööled 61 0.1% 171 0.2%
ither 420 0.4% 614 0.6%
foreigners 179 0.2% 217 0.2%
Tot population 100,088 100% 99,266 100%

Traffic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The central traffeck node is the enclave Ulan Bator. The ceety includes the lairgest station o the Trans-Mongolian Railway an the Chinggis Khaan International Airport. A sma airport wi an unpavit runway an aw exists in the aimag caipital Zuunmod.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Manzushir Monastery is locatit near Zuunmod in the Bogd Khan Muntain naitional pairk. It wis foundit in 1733 an uised tae be the hame o 20 temples an 300 monks. Maist o it wis destroyed bi the communists, yet the last temple wis restored efter democratisation an hosts a sma museum the day.

Naitional pairks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Gorkhi-Terelj Naitional Pairk wis foondit in 1993. It covers a pairt o the Khentii Muntains. It is maist well kent for its spectacular rock formations, includin a rock that leuks lik a giant turtle frae the richt perspective. The landscape haes an alpine character, wi larch an pine forests, sparklin muntain rivers, an vera diverse flora an fauna.

In Khustain Nuruu Naitional Pairk, aboot 120 km sooth wast o Ulaanbaatar, the oreeginal wild horse, Takhi o Mongolie (Przewalski horse) hae been released tae the wild again in a process first begun in 1993. The project haes been quite successfu, an haes developit intae an attraction for baith scientists an tourists.

The Gun-Galuut Natur Reserve is a protectit aurie foondit in 2003 tae conserve globally threatened species an thair habitat. The IUCN red-leetit species - White-naped Crane, Huidit Crane, Siberie White Crane, Swan guiss an Argali-Wild muntain sheep an mony ither species leetit in the Naitional Reid beuk o Mongolie are foond here.

Acause it is considered saucrit, the muntain Moont Bogd Khan sooth o Ulaanbaatar haes been a protectit aurie syne 1778. Durin socialism, it wis formally established as a naitional pairk. This stopped the urban sprawl o the caipital on its soothren side.

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums o Töv
The Sums o Töv Aimag [3][4]
Sum Mongolie Population
1980
Population
1986
Population
1992
Population
1998
Population
2005
Population
2007
tot sum
center
Altanbulag Алтанбулаг 2,701 2,857 3,357 3,622 3,104 3,079 1,427
Argalant Аргалант 1,530 1,941 2,689 2,505 1,892 1,955 916
Arkhust Архуст 1,431 2,006 2,260 2,086 1,671 1,371 516
Batsümber Батсүмбэр 5,390 5,810 6,505 6,786 6,358 6,525 2,325
Bayan Баян 2,847 3,385 2,903 2,575 2,062 2,093 1,166
Bayan-Önjüül Баян-Өнжүүл 2,759 2,621 2,918 2,817 2,538 2,560 579
Bayanchandmani Баянчандмань 3,244 4,059 4,769 3,641 3,268 3,322 1,311
Bayandelger Баяндэлгэр 2,506 2,600 2,655 2,203 1,226 1,165 580
Bayanjargalan Баянжаргалан 1,377 1,302 1,718 1,788 1,583 1,623 609
Bayanhangai Баянхангай 1,357 2,062 2,270 1,693 1,498 1,401 746
Bayantsagaan Баянцагаан 2,128 2,236 2,683 2,737 2,369 2,173 988
Bayantsogt Баянцогт 3,505 3,575 3,987 3,406 1,890 2,020 958
Bornuur Борнуур 3,816 4,031 5,145 4,454 4,372 4,693 3,233
Büren Бүрэн 2,714 2,718 3,452 3,624 3,303 3,209 614
Delgerhaan Дэлгэрхаан 2,006 1,867 2,294 2,499 2,033 2,016 635
Erdene Эрдэнэ 4,523 4,365 4,067 3,485 3,424 3,607 1,398
Erdenesant Эрдэнэсант 3,472 4,735 5,757 5,855 5,011 5,010 1,893
Jargalant Жаргалант 4,218 4,941 6,038 5,975 5,798 5,781 2,156
Lün Лүн 2,644 2,400 3,245 3,151 2,595 2,515 1,302
Möngönmorit Мөнгөнморьт 2,091 2,099 2,363 2,197 1,923 1,902 908
Öndörshireet Өндөрширээт 2,111 2,112 2,471 2,525 1,927 2,006 582
Sergelen Сэргэлэн 2,490 2,280 2,831 2,422 1,855 1,884 199
Sümber Сүмбэр 1,133 1,608 2,265 2,210 1,637 1,646 690
Tseel Цээл 2,318 2,728 3,605 3,988 2,513 2,352 1,568
Ugtaal Угтаал 3,366 4,003 5,007 4,139 2,397 2,274 1,413
Zaamar Заамар 2,354 3,030 4,002 5,645 5,721 5,816 1,494
Zuunmod Зуунмод 9,649 12,739 20,285 16,037 14,600 14,830 14,568

References[eedit | eedit soorce]