Arkhangai Province

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Arkhangai aimag
Архангай аймаг

Seal
Coordinates: 47°23′N 101°30′E / 47.383°N 101.500°E / 47.383; 101.500
Kintra Banner o Mongolie Mongolie
Established 1931
Caipital Tsetserleg
Area
 • Total 55,313.82 km2 (21,356.79 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 89,331
 • Density 1.6/km2 (4.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 (0)133
Website arkhangai.gov.mn
Tariat landscape.
Panoramic view o Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur.

Arkhangai (Mongolian: Архангай‎, literally Northern Khangai) is ane o the 21 aimags o Mongolie. It is locatit slichtly wast tae the kintra's centre, on the northren slopes o the Khangai Muntains.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Arkhangai aimag is locatit in the interior o the kintra and borders tae the follaein ither aimags: Bulgan (north east), Övörkhangai (sooth east), Bayankhongor (sooth), Zavkhan (wast), an Khövsgöl (north wast).

The heicest point is Kharlagtai Peak at 3,529 m (11,578 ft), while the lawest point is the aurie on the confluence o the Orkhon an Tamir rivers at 1,290 m (4,232 ft). The maist well-kent muntain is the extinct volkano Khorgo, which is pairt o the Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur Naitional Pairk.

Bodies o watter[eedit | eedit soorce]

The rivers Chuluut, Khanui, an Tamir hae their oreegins in the valleys o the Khangai Muntains. Together wi some smawer tributaries they aw belang tae the wattershed o the Selenge. The Orkhon traverses the eastren end o the aimag for a short stretch an aw.

The lake Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur is locatit in the west. Accordin tae a legend it wis creatit whan a giant teuk a lairge rock an threw it awa. Leukin back he saw a white surface an exclaimit in surprise, "Leuk, a white lake!" The exclamation haes become the name o the lake. The rock endit up farther tae the east an is cried Taikhar Chuluu. The sma lake Ögii Nuur is locatit in the eastren pairt o the aimag in the Sum o the same name.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Efter the Fowk Revolution wan in 1921 throuoot Mongolie, reforms in admeenistrative unit wur made an the Tsetserleg Mandal Uul aimag wis established on the foondation o Sain Noyon Khan aimag. Arkhangai aimag wis formit frae pairts o the Tsetserleg Mandal Uul aimag in 1931. At that time, the aimag haed 35 sums, 65,333 inhabitants in 22,285 hoosehaulds, an 1,800,000 heid o livestock. The aimag centre Tsetserleg wis established at the steid o the Zaya Khüree monastery, which haed been first foondit in 1586.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Arkhangai covers 55,313.82 km² (21,357 sq mi), an haed 89,282 citizens in 2008,[1] in Dec. 31 2009 89,331[2] who live in 19 sums an 99 bags (subdestricts)

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are currently nae flichts tae Tsetserleg's airport. The Post Bus travels daily tae Tsetserleg throu Kharkhorin, leavin frae Dragon Centre in Ulaanbaatar at 8:00 am. The price o a ticket is aroond 20,000 MNT. Sma microbuses travel daily tae Tsetserleg an aw, but are hintle less reliable.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

In winter mean temperatur is −30 °C tae −38 °C (−22 °F tae −36 °F) an in simmer the heichest temperatur is atween 25 °C an 36 °C (77 °F an 97 °F).

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main field o economie in the aimag is agricultur, predominantly animal husbandry. Accordin tae 2004 data, the aimag wis hame tae 1,948,000 domestic animals: goats, sheep, cattle (incl. yaks an khainags), horses an camels. Camels are amaist exclusively herdit in the sootheastren sums.[3]

Admeenistrative subdiveeision[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums of Arkhangai

The aimag caipital Tsetserleg is geografically locatit in the Bulgan sum in the sooth o the aimag. It is no tae be ramfeeselt wi the Tsetserleg sum in the north.

The Sums o Arkhangai aimag
Sum Mongolie Population
(2005)[2]
Population
(2008)[4]
Population
(2009)[2]
Aurie
km²
Densitie
/km²
Sum centre
population
Battsengel Батцэнгэл 3,818 3,855 3,846 3,500 1.10 1,096
Bulgan Булган 2,285 2,361 2,434 3,100 0.79 961
Chuluut Чулуут 3,943 3,749 3,744 3,900 0.96 935
Erdenebulgan* Эрдэнэбулган 17,790 18,022 17,770 536 33.15 17,770
Erdenemandal Эрдэнэмандал 6,099 5,843 5,933 3,400 1.74 1,091
Ikh-Tamir Их тамир 5,714 5,154 5,247 4,800 1.09 1,050
Jargalant Жаргалант 4,089 4,114 4,111 3,832 1.07 1,035
Khairkhan Хайрхан 3,756 3,558 3,656 2,500 1.46 739
Khangai Хангай 3,054 2,805 2,926 4,400 0.66 795
Khashaat Хашаат 3,594 3,305 3,344 2,600 1.29 802
Khotont Хотонт 4,763 4,809 4,440 2,200 2.02 774
Ögii nuur Өгий нуур 3,015 3,041 3,086 n.a n.a. 622
Ölziit Өлзийт 3,154 3,037 3,102 1,700 1.82 829
Öndör-Ulaan Өндөр-Улаан 5,873 5,729 5,798 4,000 1.45 1,097
Tariat Тариат 5,082 5,022 5,086 3,800 1.34 644
Tüvshrüülekh Түвшрүүлэх 3,489 3,410 3,438 1,200 2.86 1,869
Tsakhir Цахир 2,058 2,126 2,143 3,398 0.63 438
Tsenkher Цэнхэр 5,480 5,387 5,414 3,200 1.69 997
Tsetserleg Цэцэрлэг 2,058 3,955 3,813 2,500 1.53 848

* - The aimag capital Tsetserleg

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Arkhangai Aimag 2008 December Statistical Report
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Dec. 31 2009 estimation. Arkhangai Aimag Statistical Service
  3. National statistical office, Lifestock count 2004, Khavsralt 44
  4. [1]