Khövsgöl Province

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Khövsgöl Province

Хөвсгөл аймаг
ᠬᠥᠪᠰᠦᠭᠦᠯᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Scenery in the Khövsgöl Province
Scenery in the Khövsgöl Province
Banner o Khövsgöl Province
Banner
Coat o airms o Khövsgöl Province
Coat o airms
Khövsgöl in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 49°38′N 100°10′E / 49.633°N 100.167°E / 49.633; 100.167Coordinates: 49°38′N 100°10′E / 49.633°N 100.167°E / 49.633; 100.167
KintraMongolie
Established1931 (1931)
CaipitalMörön
Area
 • Total100,628.82 km2 (38,853.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Tot114,926
 • Density1.1/km2 (3.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8
Aurie code(s)+976 138
ISO 3166 codeMN-041
Vehicle registrationХӨ_
Wabsteidkhovsgol.gov.mn

Khövsgöl (Mongolian: Хөвсгөл‎) is the northmaist o the 21 aimags (provinces) o Mongolie. The name is derivit frae Lake Khövsgöl.

Geography an History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Scenery in the Khövsgöl Province
Lake Khövsgöl

The Aimag is quite muntainous. The sooth an soothwast are dominatit bi the roond-toppit Tarvagatai, Bulnain an Erchim sub-ranges o the Khangai massif. The auries wast an north o Lake Khövsgöl are formit bi the alpine Khoridol Saridag, Ulaan Taiga, an Mönkh Saridag muntains. The centre an east are less muntainous, but still hilly.

Athin Mongolie, the region is well kent for its naitural beauty, an Lake Khövsgöl is ane o the kintra's major tourist attractions. The lairgest forest auries o Mongolie are locatit aroond an tae the north o the lake, extendin the sooth-siberie Taiga.

The aimag wis foondit in 1931. Khatgal wis the admeenistrative centre till 1933, syne when it haes been Mörön.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khövsgöl aimag population [1][2][3][4]
1956
census
1960
est.
1963
census
1969
census
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1989
census
1992
est.
1996
est.
1998
est.
2000
census
2003
est.
2005
est.
2007
est.
58,200 64,000 63,700 74,800 82,300 88,200 91,100 101,800 119,133 113,312 117,123 117,914 124,126 123,416 123,275

The region is hame tae mony ethnic minority groups: Darkhad, Khotgoid, Uriankhai, Buriad, an Tsaatan. Baith the Darkhad an Tsaatan are famous for thair practice o shamanism.

Ethnic minority groups in Khövsgöl (self-identification), 2000 census[5]
Group Population Percentage
Darkhad 16,268 13.8%
Khotgoid 6229 5.3%
Uriankhai 3036 2.6%
Buriad 996 0.84%
Tsaatan 269 0.23%
Tot population 117914 100%

Famous Khövsgölians[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums o Khövsgöl Aimag

Famous fowk frae Khövsgöl include:

Livestock[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2007, the aimag wis hame tae aboot 3.43 million heids o livestock, amang them aboot 1,510,000 gaits, 1,442,000 sheep, 322,000 cattle an yaks, 150,000 horse, 2,350 caumels, an 652 reindeer.[6]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Mörön Airport (ZMMN/MXV) haes ane pavit runwa. It affers regular flichts frae an tae Ulaan Bator, an serves as intermediate stap intae the wastren Aimags an aw.

The Khatgal Airport (HTM) anerlie runs scheduled flichts frae an tae Ulaanbaatar in simmer, afferin a mair direct approach tae Lake Khövsgöl for the tourists.

The road distance frae Mörön tae Ulaanbaatar is 690 km. At present (2011), a new road is unner construction frae Mörön tae Lake Khövsgöl.

Admeenistrative Subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sums o Khövsgöl Aimag
Sum Mongolie Population
1987
(approx.)[7]
Population
1994
[8]
Population
2000[9]
Population 2005[10] Population
2009[11]
Sum centre
population
(2009)[11]
Aurie
(km²)[6]
Densitie
(/km²)
Alag-Erdene
Khatgal
Алаг-Эрдэнэ
Хатгал
2,300
7,000[12]
2,809
3,756
2,825
2,498
2,992
2,831
2,980
2,952
744
2,952
3,591.5
911,4
0.83
3.24
Arbulag Арбулаг 3,100 4,272 4,487 4,164 3,989 728 3,529.21 1.13
Bayanzürkh Баянзүрх 3,300 4,180 4,202 3,863 3,964 742 4,299.14 0.92
Bürentogtokh Бүрэнтогтох 3,800 5,043 4,678 4,251 4,245 735 3,768.60 1.12
Chandmani-Öndör Чандмань-Өндөр 2,100 2,891 3,063 2,944 3,006 1,018 4,487.54 0.67
Erdenebulgan Эрдэнэбулган 2,300 3,086 2,739 2,849 2,763 1,060 4,694.38 0.59
Galt Галт 4,400 5,573 5,328 4,876 5,132 777 3,596.83 1.43
Ikh-Uul Их-Уул 3,200 3,767 3,959 4,126 4,170 1,387 2,023.82 2.06
Jargalant Жаргалант 3,700 4,866 5,086 5,109 5,183 1,315 2,549.28 2.03
Khankh Ханх n.a. 2,227 2,140 2,346 2,460 1,422 5,498.71 0.45
Mörön Мөрөн n.a. 27,230 28,147 35,872 36,082 36,072 102.90 350.55
Rashaant Рашаант 2,500 3,195 3,280 3,559 3,501 987 1,982.52 1.77
Renchinlkhümbe Рэнчинлхүмбэ 3,900[13] 4,040 4,284 4,614 4,740 825 8,448.34 0.56
Shine-Ider Шинэ-Идэр 3,900 4,616 4,348 4,068 3,824 1,718 2,053.56 1.86
Tarialan Тариалан 4,800 6,122 6,070 5,936 6,085 3,272 3,430.67 1.77
Tömörbulag Төмөрбулаг 3,100 4,084 4,171 4,353 4,174 613 2,521.72 1.66
Tosontsengel Тосонцэнгэл 2,800 3,683 4,161 3,615 4,144 1,166 2,042.23 2,03
Tsagaannuur Цагааннуур 900 1,248 1,317 1,405 1,547 708 5,408.30 0.29
Tsagaan-Uul Цагаан-Уул 4,300 5,547 5,696 5,145 5,332 940 5,866.3 0.91
Tsagaan-Üür Цагаан-Үүр 2,000 2,590 2,421 2,442 2,459 946 8,735.33 0.28
Tsetserleg Цэцэрлэг 4,400 5,591 5,876 4,693 4,766 807 7,451.62 0.64
Tünel Түнэл 2,900 3,579 3,556 3,465 3,528 1,105 3,577.33 0.99
Ulaan-Uul Улаан-Уул 2,700 3,396 3,726 3,898 4,118 1,386 10,057.52 0.41

Notes an references[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Statoids (Gwillim Law) web page
  2. National Statistical Office
  3. National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  4. Khövsgöl Aimag Statistical Yearbook 2007
  5. M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001, p. 7, 35, 68, 148, 166, 190
  6. 6.0 6.1 Khövsgöl Aimag Statistical Yearbook 2007[deid airtin]
  7. Khövsgöl Aimgiin Atlas, Ulaanbaatar 1988,p.6
  8. http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/oxfamannex1-4.pdf
  9. M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001,passim
  10. Rural Poverty Reduction Programme: official site
  11. 11.0 11.1 Khövsgöl Aimak Statistical Yearbook 2009
  12. population in 1990, acc. to M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli
  13. incl. parts of Khankh

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]