|1st Great Khan of the Mongol Empire|
|Ring||Ware 1206 – 18 August 1227|
|Coronation||Ware 1206 in a Kurultai at the Onon River, Mongolie|
Khentii Muntains, Khamag Mongol
|Dee'd||18 August 1227 (aged 64–65)|
Yinchuan, Wastren Xia
|Hoose||The Imperial Hoose o Borjigin|
Genghis Khan [note 3] (born Temüjin,[note 1] c. 1162 – 18 August 1227), born B. Temüjin (Audio file "Temujin.ogg" nae foond, wis the foonder, Khan (ruler) an Khagan (emperor) o the Mongol Empire, which became the lairgest contiguous empire in history efter his daith.
He came tae pouer bi unitin mony o the nomadic tribes o northeast Asie. Efter foondin the Mongol Empire an being proclaimed "Genghis Khan", he startit the Mongol invasions that woud ultimately result in the conquest o maist o Eurasie. These includit raids or invasions o the Kara-Khitan Khanate, Caucasus, Khwarezmid Empire, Western Xia an Jin dynasties. These campaigns wur aften accompanied bi wholesale massacres o the civilian populations - especially in Khwarezmia. Bi the end o his life, the Mongol Empire occupied a substantial portion o Central Asie an Cheenae.
Afore Genghis Khan dee'd, he assigned Ögedei Khan as his successor an split his empire intae khanates amang his sons an grandsons. He dee'd in 1227 efter defeatin the Tanguts. He wis buried in an unmarked grave somewhere in Mongolie at an unkent location. His descendants went on tae stretch the Mongol Empire across maist o Eurasia bi conquering an/or creatin vassal states oot o aw o modern-day Cheenae, Korea, the Caucasus, Central Asian kintras, an substantial portions o modern Eastren Europe an the Middle East. Mony o these invasions also resultit in lairge-scale slaughter o the local populations an ar no viewed positively in these parts o the warld today.
Ayont his great military accomplishments, Genghis Khan also advanced the Mongol Empire in ither ways. He decreed the adoption o the Uyghur script as the Mongol Empire's writin system. He also promotit religious tolerance in the Mongol Empire, an creatit a unified empire frae the nomadic tribes o northeast Asie. Present-day Mongolians regard him highly as the foondin faither o Mongolie.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- English: //, whiles an aw written as Temuchin or Temujin; Mongolie: Тэмүжин, romanised: Temüjin [tʰemut͡ʃiŋ] ( listen); Middle Mongol: Temüjin; traditeeonal Cheenese: 鐵木真; simplifeed Cheenese: 铁木真; pinyin: Tiěmùzhēn; Wade–Giles: T'ieh3-mu4-chen1.
- Cheenese: 成吉思汗; pinyin: Chéngjísī Hán; Wade–Giles: Ch'eng2-chi2-szu1 Han4.
- Historians o the Mongol empire generally prefer the spellin Chinggis Khaan, that mair closely approximates the name in Mongolie, Чингис хаан [t͡ʃʰiŋɡɪs xaːŋ] ( listen). The spellin o his name cam oreeginally frae Italian, hyne the pronunciation / /, that is similar tae the Italian pronunciation; the seicont G has a follaein H tae produce the soond Template:IPAc-it, as in spaghetti. But acause G afore E in Inglis/Scots is ambiguous (cf. get vs. gel), this leads tae the common pronunciation o / /, wi baith Gs producin the soond //, that has led tae the alternate spellin Jenghis Khan tae try tae prevent this.
The Middle Mongol pronunciation was [ˈt͡ɕʰiŋːɡɪs ˈkaχaːn] or [ˈt͡ʃʰiŋːɡɪs ˈqaχaːn].
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Central Asiatic Journal". Central Asiatic Journal. 5: 239. 1959. Retrieved 29 Julie 2011.
- Cite error: Invalid
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- Ratchnevsky, Paul (1991). Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy. Blackwell Publishing. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-631-16785-3.
It is possible, however, to say with certainty that Genghis Khan died in August 1227; only in specifying the actual day of his death do our sources disagree.
- Morgan, David (2007). The Mongols (2 ed.). Blackwell Publishing. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-4051-3539-9.
- Pronunciation references:
- NativLang, What Genghis Khan's Mongolian Sounded Like - and how we know, retrieved 28 December 2018
- John Joseph Saunders-The History of the Mongol Conquests
- "Genghis Khan". North Georgia College and State University. Archived frae the original on 6 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 26 Januar 2010.
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