Romani fowk

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Romani fowk
Flag of the Romani people.svg
Romani banner creautit in 1933 an acceptit bi the 1971 World Romani Congress
Tot population
2–20 million[1][2][3][4]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Unitit States 1,000,000 estimatit wi Romani heritage
(5,400 per 2000 census)[5][6]
 Brazil 800,000[7]
 Turkey 700,000–5,000,000[8]
/≈2,750,000/[9][10]
 Spain 650,000–1,500,000[8][11][12][13]
 Romanie 621,573–2,000,000[8][14][15]
 Fraunce 350,000–500,000[16][17]
 Bulgarie 325,343–800,000[18][19]
 Hungary 315,583–990,000[20][21]
 Greece 300,000–350,000[22]
 Unitit Kinrick 90,000–300,000
/≈225,000/[8][23]
 Roushie 182,766–1,200,000[8][24]
 Serbie 147,604–500,000
/≈250,000/[25][26]
 Italy 120,000–180,000[27]
 Germany 120,000–140,000[8][28]
 Slovakie 105,738–600,000[8][29][30]
 Macedonie 53,879[8][31]
 Swaden 50,000–100,000[32]
 Ukraine 47,587–400,000[8][33]
 Czech Republic 40,370 (Romani speakers)[34]–300,000[35]
 Argentinae ≈300,000[36]
 Portugal 40,000–70,000[8][37]
 Kosovo 40,000[38]
 Netherlands 32,000–48,000[8]
 Poland 15,000–60,000[8][39]
 Moldovae 12,778–200,000[8][40]
 Croatie 16,975–40,000[8][41]
 Bosnie an Herzegovinae 8,864–60,000[8][42]
 Albanie 8,301–150,000[8][37][43]
 Kazakhstan 6,000
 Canadae 5,255–80,000[44][45]
 Finland 11,000–50,000
 Australie 5,000–25,000[46]
 Mexico 15,850[47]
 Colombie ≈8,000[48]
 Slovenie 2,300[49]
 Lithuanie <3,000[50]
Leids
Romani leid, Para-Romani varieties, leids o native regions
Releegion
O the releegious predominantly Christianity[51]
Islam[51]
Shaktism branch of Hinduism[51]
Relatit ethnic groups
Dom, Lom, Domba; ither Indo-Aryans

The Romani (an aa spelled Romany), or Roma, are a tradeetionally nomadic ethnic group, leevin maistly in Europe an the Americas an oreeginatin frae the northren regions o the Indie subcontinent,[52][53][54] presumably frae whaur the states Rajasthan, Haryana, an Punjab exeest the day.[53][54] Thay are an aa kent as Gipsies.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World" (online) (16th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL. Retrieved 15 September 2010. Ian Hancock's 1987 estimate for 'all Gypsies in the world' was 6 to 11 million. 
  2. "EU demands action to tackle Roma poverty". BBC News. 5 Aprile 2011. 
  3. "The Roma". Nationalia. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  4. "Rom". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 15 September 2010. ... estimates of the total world Romani population range from two million to five million. 
  5. "The Marginalization of Shadow Minorities (Roma) and Its Impact on Opportunities". Books.google.com. p. 117. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  6. Kayla Webley (13 October 2010). "Hounded in Europe, Roma in the U.S. Keep a Low Profile". Time. Retrieved 3 October 2015. Today, estimates put the number of Roma in the U.S. at about one million. 
  7. "Falta de políticas públicas para ciganos é desafio para o governo" [Lack of public policy for Romani is a challenge for the administration] (in Portuguese). R7. 2011. Retrieved 22 Januar 2012. The Special Secretariat for the Promotion of Racial Equality estimates the number of "ciganos" (Romanis) in Brazil at 800,000 (2011). The 2010 IBGE Brazilian National Census encountered gypsy camps in 291 of Brazil's 5,565 municipalities. 
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 Recent Migration of Roma in Europe, A study by Mr. Claude Cahn and Professor Elspeth Guild, page 87–88 (09.2010 figures)
  9. "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!" [The number of Kurds in Turkey!] (in Turkish). 6 Juin 2008. Retrieved 2 Januar 2016. 
  10. "Türkiye'deki Çingene nüfusu tam bilinmiyor. 2, hatta 5 milyon gibi rakamlar dolaşıyor Çingenelerin arasında". Hurriyet (in Turkis). TR. 8 Mey 2005. Retrieved 2 Januar 2016. 
  11. Estimated by the Society for Threatened Peoples [1]
  12. "The Situation of Roma in Spain" (PDF). Open Society Institute. 2002. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 15 September 2010. The Spanish government estimates the number of Gitanos at a maximum of 650,000. 
  13. "Diagnóstico social de la comunidad gitana en España" (PDF). Msc.es. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  14. 2011 census data, based on table 7 Population by ethnicity, gives a total of 621,573 Roma in Romania. This figure is disputed by other sources, because at the local level, many Roma declare a different ethnicity (mostly Romanian, but also Hungarian in Transylvania and Turkish in Dobruja). Many are not recorded at all, since they do not have ID cards [2]. International sources give higher figures than the official census(UNDP's Regional Bureau for Europe, World Bank, International Association for Official Statistics).
  15. "Rezultatele finale ale Recensământului din 2011 – Tab8. Populaţia stabilă după etnie – judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune" (XLS) (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics (Romania). 5 Julie 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.  However, various organizations claim that there are 2 million Romanis in Romania. See [3]
  16. "Situation of Roma in France at crisis proportions". EurActiv Network. 7 December 2005. Retrieved 21 October 2015. According to the report, the settled Gypsy population in France is officially estimated at around 500,000, although other estimates say that the actual figure is much closer to 1.2 million. 
  17. Gorce, Bernard (22 Julie 2010). "Roms, gens du voyage, deux réalités différentes". La Croix. Retrieved 21 October 2016. [MANUAL TRANS.] The ban prevents statistics on ethnicity to give a precise figure of French Roma, but we often quote the number 350,000. For travellers, the administration counted 160,000 circulation titles in 2006 issued to people aged 16 to 80 years. Among the travellers, some have chosen to buy a family plot where they dock their caravans around a local section (authorized since the Besson Act of 1990). 
  18. Население по местоживеене, възраст и етническа група [Population by place of residence, age and ethnic group]. Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (in Bulgarie). Retrieved 22 Juin 2015.  Self declared
  19. "Roma Integration – 2014 Commission Assessment: Questions and Answers" (Press release). Brussels: European Commission. 4 Aprile 2014. Retrieved 28 Aprile 2016.  EU and Council of Europe estimates
  20. Hungarian Central Statistical Office Census Data 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  21. Michael Kimmelman (6 Februar 2008). "In Hungary, Roma Get Art Show, Not a Hug". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  22. "Greece NGO". Geek Helsinki Monitor. LV: Minelres. 
  23. "RME", Ethnologue 
  24. "National Composition of Population and Citizenship" (Excel). RU: Perepis2002. Retrieved 16 September 2010. Census 2002 in Russia: 182,766 Roma 
  25. rs:Национална Припадност Припаднос [National origin affiliation] (PDF) (in Serbie). RS: Stat. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 2 Januar 2016. 
  26. "Serbia- a report by the European Roma Rights Centre" (PDF). ERRC. 2011–2012. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  27. "Giornata Internazionale dei rom e sinti: presentato il Rapporto Annuale 2014 (PDF)" (PDF). 
  28. "Roma in Deutschland", Regionale Dynamik, Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung 
  29. "Population and Housing Census. Resident population by nationality" (PDF). SK: Statistics. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 15 Julie 2007. 
  30. "Po deviatich rokoch spočítali Rómov, na Slovensku ich žije viac ako 400-tisíc". SME (in Slovak). SK: SITA. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  31. "The 2002-census reported 53,879 Roma and 3,843 'Egyptians'". Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office. Archived frae the original on 2004-06-21. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  32. "Sametingen. Information about minorities in Sweden", Minoritet (in Swadish), IMCMS 
  33. National composition of population, 2001 census (in Ukrainian), UA: State statistics committee 
  34. "Sčítání lidu, domů a bytů". czso.cz. 
  35. "Současná romská komunita v Evropě". CZ: romove.radio.cz. Retrieved 15 September 2010. Census 2001 in Bulgaria: 370,908 Roma 
  36. Hazel Marsh. "The Roma Gypsies of Colombia". Latino Life. Retrieved 29 Julie 2016. 
  37. 37.0 37.1 Roma /Gypsies: A European Minority, Minority Rights Group International
  38. "Historical Dictionary of the Gypsies (Romanies)". 
  39. "Poland – Gypsies". Country studies. US. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  40. 2004 census
  41. "POPULATION BY ETHNICITY – DETAILED CLASSIFICATION, 2011 CENSUS". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 Juin 2015. 
  42. 1991 census
  43. "Albanian census 2011" (XLS). instat.gov.al. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  44. "Roma in Canada fact sheet" (PDF). home.cogeco.ca. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. 
  45. Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 11 Februar 2014. 
  46. Yvonne Slee. "A History of Australian Romanies, now and then". Now and Then. Australia: Open ABC. Retrieved 28 Julie 2016. 
  47. Emilio Godoy (12 October 2010). "Gypsies, or How to Be Invisible in Mexico". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 30 Julie 2016. 
  48. Hazel Marsh. "The Roma Gypsies of Colombia". Latino Life. Retrieved 30 Julie 2016. 
  49. unknown. "Culture of Slovenia". Retrieved 28 Julie 2016. 
  50. Emmanuel Haddad (21 Mairch 2012). "Kirtimai:Lithuania's Roma on education and 'missing England'". Cafebabel. Retrieved 29 Julie 2016. 
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 Gall, Timothy L, ed. (1998), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life, 4. Europe, Cleveland, OH: Eastword, pp. 316, 318, ‘Religion: An underlay of Hinduism with an overlay of either Christianity or Islam (host country religion)’; Roma religious beliefs are rooted in Hinduism. Roma believe in a universal balance, called kuntari... Despite a 1,000-year separation from India, Roma still practice 'shaktism', the worship of a god through his female consort... 
  52. Hancock 2002, p. xx: ‘While a nine century removal from India has diluted Indian biological connection to the extent that for some Romanian groups, it may be hardly representative today, Sarren (1976:72) concluded that we still remain together, genetically, Asian rather than European’
  53. 53.0 53.1 K. Meira Goldberg; Ninotchka Devorah Bennahum; Michelle Heffner Hayes (2015). Flamenco on the Global Stage: Historical, Critical and Theoretical Perspectives. McFarland. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7864-9470-5. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  54. 54.0 54.1 Simon Broughton; Mark Ellingham; Richard Trillo (1999). World Music: Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Rough Guides. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-85828-635-8. Retrieved 8 December 2015.