Battle o Fraunce
|Battle o Fraunce|
|Part of the Wastren Front o the Seicont Warld War|
Clockwise frae top left: German Panzer IV tanks passin through a toun in Fraunce; German soldiers marchin past the Arc de Triomphe efter the surrender o Paris, 14 Juin 1940; Column o French Renault R35 tanks at Sedan, Ardennes; Breetish an French prisoners at Veules-les-Roses; French soldiers on review within the Maginot Line fortifications.
Italy (frae 10 Juin)
|Commanders an leaders|
| Maurice Gamelin (till 17 Mey)
Alphonse Georges (till 17 Mey)
Maxime Weygand (frae 17 Mey)
Leopold III (POW)
Henri Winkelman (POW)
| Gerd von Rundstedt
Fedor von Bock
Wilhelm von Leeb
Erich von Manstein
H.R.H. Umberto di Savoia
|Allies: 144 diveesions
Alps on 20 Juin
|Germany: 141 diveesions
Alps on 20 June
|Casualties an losses|
|360,000 deid or woondit,
Tot: 2,260,000 casualties
Tot: 163,650 casualties
In the Seicond Warld War, the Battle o Fraunce, an aa kent as the Faw o Fraunce, wis the successful German invasion o Fraunce an the Law Kintras, beginnin on 10 Mey 1940, defeatin primarily French forces. The battle consistit o twa main operations. In the first, Fall Gelb (Case Yellae), German armored units pushed through the Ardennes tae cut aff an surroond the Allied units that haed advanced intae Belgium. When Breetish an adjacent French forces wur pushed back tae the sea bi the heichly mobile an well organised German operation, the Breetish govrenment decided tae evacuate the Breetish Expeditionary Force (BEF) as well as several French diveesions at Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo.
Efter the widrawal o the BEF, Germany launched a seicont operation, Fall Rot (Case Reid), which wis commenced on 5 Juin. While the depletit French forces put up stiff initial resistance, German air superiority an armored mobility owerwhelmed the remainin French forces. German armor ootflanked the Maginot Line an pushed deep intae Fraunce wi German forces arrivin in an undefendit Paris on 14 Juin. This caused a chaotic period o flicht for the French govrenment an effectively endit organized French militar resistance. German commanders finally met wi French offeecials on Juin 18 wi the goal o the new French govrenment bein an airmistice wi Germany. Chief amang the new govrenment leaders wis Marshal Philippe Pétain recently made Premiere o Fraunce an ane o the supporters o seekin an airmistice wi Germany.
On 22 Juin, an airmistice wis signed atween Fraunce an Germany, which resulted in a diveesion o Fraunce whaurbi Germany would occupy the north an wast (an an aa keep nearly twa million French soldiers as prisoners in Germany), Italy would control a smaa Italian occupation zone in the sootheast, an an unoccupied zone, the zone libre, would be govrened bi the newly fairmed Vichy govrenment led bi Marshal Pétain. Fraunce remained unner Axis occupation till the liberation o the kintra efter the Allied landins in 1944.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 27,074 dead (The final count of the German dead is possibly as high as 49,000 men when including the losses suffered by the Kriegsmarine, because of additional non-combat causes, the wounded who died of their injuries, and the missing who were confirmed as dead. However this higher figure has not been used in the overall casualty figure), 111,034 wounded, 18,384 missing, as well as 1,129 aircrew killed
- 1,247 dead or missing, 2,631 wounded, and 2,151 hospitalised due to frostbite[citation needit]; Italian forces were involved in fighting in the French Alps, where severe sub-zero temperatures are common even during the summer.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Maier and Falla 1991, p. 279.
- Hooton 2007, p. 47–48: Hooton uses the National Archives in London for RAF records. Including "Air 24/679 Operational Record Book: The RAF in France 1939–1940", "Air 22/32 Air Ministry Daily Strength Returns", "Air 24/21 Advanced Air Striking Force Operations Record" and "Air 24/507 Fighter Command Operations Record". For the Armee de l'Air Hooton uses "Service Historique de Armee de l'Air (SHAA), Vincennes".
- Hooton 2007, pp. 47–48: Hooton uses the Bundesarchiv, Militärarchiv in Freiburg.
- Luftwaffe strength included gliders and transports used in the assaults on the Netherlands and Belgium.
- Hooton 2007, p. 90.
- Frieser (1995), p. 400
- L'Histoire, No. 352, April 2010 France 1940: Autopsie d'une défaite, p. 59.
- Shepperd (1990), p. 88
- Hooton 2010, p. 73.
- Murray 1983, p. 40.
- Healy 2007, p. 85.