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Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25


România  (Romanie)
Banner o Roumainie
Coat o airms o Roumainie
Coat o airms
AnthemDeșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Roumainie!"

Location o  Roumainie  (daurk green) – on the European continent  (green & daurk grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Roumainie  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsRoumains[1]
Recognised minority
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential
• Preses
Klaus Iohannis
• Prime Meenister
Marcel Ciolacu
Chaumer o Deputes
168 BC
275 – 10t century
• First Roumainien polities
10t century – 1330
• First union unner Michael the Brave
24 Januar 1859
9 Mey 1877 / 1878b
14 Mairch 1881
1 December 1918d
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
19,186,201[4][5] (61t)
• 2021 census
20,121,641[3] (58t)
• Density
80.4/km2 (208.2/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$653.903 billion[6] (36t)
• Per capita
$33,833[6] (44t)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Tot
$289.130 billion[6] (47t)
• Per capita
$14,968[6] (67t)
Gini (2020)Steady 33.8[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.828[8]
verra heich · 49t
CurrencyRoumainien leu (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.roe
  1. The dooble election o Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavie an Wallachie (respectively, 5 an 24 Januar 1859).
  2. Unthirldom proclaimed on 9 Mey 1877, internaitionally recognised in 1878.
  3. The union o Roumainie wi Bessarabie, Bukovina an Transylvanie in 1918.
  4. Monarchy wis abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation o the Fowkrepublic an wis cheenged wi the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic govrenment wis installed on 20 Mey 1990 an the new post-communist constitution wis adoptit on 21 November 1991. Roumainie jyned the European Union on 1 Januar 2007.
  5. An aa .eu, shared wi ither European Union member states.
Territorial organization

Romanie or Roumainie (Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] ( listen)) is a sovereign state locatit in Sootheastren Europe. It mairches the Black Sea, Bulgarie, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbie, an Moldovae. It haes an area o 238,397 square kilometre (92,046 sq mi) an a temperate-continental climate. Wi awmaist 20 million fowk, the kintra is the seivent maist populous member state o the European Union. Its caipital an maistmuckle city, Bucharest, is the saxt-maistmuckle city athin the EU, wi 1,883,425 fowk as o 2011.[9]

The River Danube, Europe's seicont-maistmuckle river, rises in Germany an flowes in a general sootheast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coorsin throu ten kintras afore emptyin intae Roumainie's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Moontains, that cross Roumainie fae the north tae the soothwast, include Moldoveanu, at 2,544 m (8,346 ft).[10]

Modren Roumainie wis formed in 1859 throu a personal union o the Danubian Principalities o Moldavie an Wallachie. The new state, offeecially cried Roumainie sin 1866, gained unthirldom frae the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end o Warld War I, Transylvanie, Bukovina an Bessarabie unitit wi the sovereign Kinrick o Roumainie. In Warld War II, Roumainie wis an ally o Nazi Germany agin the Soviet Union, fechtin side bi side wi the Wehrmacht till 1944, whan it jyned the Allied pouers an faced occupation bi the Reid Airmy forces. Roumainie lost seeveral territories, tho Northren Transylvanie wis regotten efter the war. Follaein the war, Roumainie becam a socialist republic an member o the Warsaw Pact. Efter the 1989 Revolution, Roumainie begoud a transeetion thewart democracy an a caipitalist mercat economy.

Roumainie is a developin kintra an ane o the puirest in the European Union, rankin 50t in the Human Development Index,[11][12] awtho as o 2017 its economy is growin at an estimatit annual rate o 5%, tied wi Maltae for the heichest in the EU.[13] Follaein rapid economic growthe in the early 2000s, Roumainie haes an economy predominantly based on services, an is a producer an net exporter o machines an electric energy, featurin companies lik Automobile Dacia an OMV Petrom. It haes been a member o NATO syne 2004, an pairt o the European Union syne 2007. A strang majority o the population identifee thairsels as Eastren Orthodox Christians an are native speakers o Roumains, a Romance leid. The cultural history o Roumainie is eften referred tae whan dealin wi influential airtists, muisickers, inventors, an sportsfowk.


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  1. "Constitution of Romania". Cdep.ro. Archived frae the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  3. a b "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Roumains). INSSE. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 17 Julie 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  4. "Populația rezidentă la 1 Ianuarie 2021" [The usually resident population on 1 January 2021] (PDF). Insse.ro (in Roumains). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  5. "Populaţia rezidentă pe sexe şi vârste, la 1 Ianuarie 2021". Insse.ro (in Roumains). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  6. a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021 Edition". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 16 Apryle 2021.
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  8. "2020 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  9. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Romania Geography". aboutromania.com. Archived frae the original on 28 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 25 Apryle 2017. Retrieved 24 Apryle 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ""Country Comparison : GDP - Real Growth Rate", CIA World Factbook, accessed 26 July 2017". Cia.gov. Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2017. Retrieved 26 Julie 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)