Case law is a set o past rulins bi tribunals that meet thair respective jurisdictions' rules tae be ceetit as precedent. Thir readins are distinguished frae statutory law, whit are the statutes an codes acted bi legislative buirds, an raudory law, whit are rauds estaiblished bi executive agencies foondit on statutes. The wirds "case law" is applee'd tae ony set o foregane rulins bi an adjudicatory tribunal that guides futur rulins; for exemple, patent office case law.
In common law kintras, the wird is uised for judicial deceesions o selected appellate coorts, coorts o foremaist instance, agency tribunals, an ither buirds warin adjudicatory exerces. In common law kintras, "case law" is a near-exact synonym for "common law."
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- Garner, Bryan A. (2001). A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage (2nd, revised ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 177.
In modern usage, common law is contrasted with a number of other terms. First, in denoting the body of judge-made law based on that developed in England… [P]erhaps most commonly within Anglo-American jurisdictions, common law is contrasted with statutory law ...CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Black's Law Dictionary - Common law (10th ed.). 2014. p. 334.
1. The body of law derived from judicial decisions, rather than from statutes or constitutions; CASE LAW [contrast to] STATUTORY LAW.