Gibraltar

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Gibraltar
Banner o Gibraltar
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" (Laitin)
"Badge o the Rock o Gibraltar"[1]
Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (offeecial)

"Gibraltar Anthem" (local)[2]
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green) – on the European continent  (green & daurk grey) – in the European Union  (green)
Location o  Gibraltar  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Map o Gibraltar
Map o Gibraltar
Status Breetish Owerseas Territory
Caipital Gibraltar
36°8′N 5°21′W / 36.133°N 5.350°W / 36.133; -5.350
Lairgest district
(by population)
Westside
Offeecial leids Inglis
Spoken leids Inglis
Spaingie
Llanito
Ethnic groups Gibraltarian[a]
Breetish
Maghrebis
South Asian
Demonym Gibraltarian
Llanito (colloquial)
Govrenment Representative democratic pairlamentar dependency unner constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Govrenor
Ed Davis
Fabian Picardo
• Mayor
Kaiane Aldorino
• UK government minister[b]
Alan Duncan MP
Legislatur Pairlament
Formation
• Capturt
4 August 1704[3]
• Cedit
11 Apryle 1713[4]
10 September 1967
• Jynt the EEC
1 Januar 1973[c]
Aurie
• Total
6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2015 estimate
32,194[5] (222nt)
• Density
4,328/km2 (11,209.5/sq mi) (5t)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
£1.64 billion
• Per capita
£50,941 (n/a)
HDI (2015) 0.961[6]
verra heich · 5th
Currency Gibraltar poond (£)[d] (GIP)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drivin side right[e]
Cawin code +350[f]
Patron saunt
ISO 3166 code GI
Internet TLD .gi[g]
  1. ^ O mixed Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese an Spaingie strynd.
  2. ^ Meenister o State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office wi responsibility for Europe an the Americaes.
  3. ^ As a Special Member State territory o the Unitit Kinrick.
  4. ^ Cunyies an sterling notes are issued bi the Govrenment o Gibraltar.
  5. ^ Unlik aw ither UK dependencies except the Breetish Indie Ocean Territory, syne 16 Juin 1929.
  6. ^ 9567 frae Spain before 10 Februar 2007.
  7. ^ The .eu domain is an aw uised, shared wi ither European Union member states.

    UK Postcode: GX11 1AA
    [7]

Gibraltar (Inglis pronunciation: /dʒɨˈbrɒltəɹ/;Spaingie pronunciation: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a Breetish owerseas territory locatit on the soothren end o the Iberie Peninsulae at the entrance o the Mediterranean. It haes an aurie o 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 sq mi) an a northren border wi Andalusie, Spain. The Rock o Gibraltar is the major laundmerk o the region. At its fuit is the densely populatit ceety aurie, hame tae amaist 30,000 Gibraltarians an ither naitionalities.[8]

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar frae Spain in 1704 durin the War o the Spaingie Succession. The territory wis subsequently cedit tae Breetain "in perpetuity" unner the Treaty o Utrecht in 1713. It wis an important base for the Ryal Navy; the day its economy is based lairgely on tourism, financial services, an shippin.[9][10]

The sovereignty o Gibraltar is a major pynt o contention in Anglo-Spaingie relations as Spain asserts a claim tae the territory.[10] Gibraltarians rejectit proposals for Spainyie sovereignty in a 1967 referendum an again in 2002. Unner the Gibraltar constitution o 2006, Gibraltar govrens its awn affairs, tho some pouers, such as defence an foreign relations, remain the responsibility o the UK Govrenment.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Gibraltar is the Spaingie derivation o the Arabic name Jabal-ı Tārık (جبل طارق), meanin "muntain o Tariq."[11] It refers tae the geological formation, the Rock o Gibraltar, which in turn wis namit efter the Berber Umayyad general Tariq ibn-Ziyad who led the initial incursion intae Iberie in advance o the main Moorish force in 711 unner the command o Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I. Earlier, it wis kent as Mons Calpe, ane o the Pillars of Hercules. The day, Gibraltar is colloquially referred tae as Gib or the Rock.

Toun twinnins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Current

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "National Symbols". Gibraltar.gov.gi. Archived frae the oreeginal on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  2. "Gibraltar: National anthem". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 September 2011. National anthem: name: "Gibraltar Anthem" ... note: adopted 1994; serves as a local anthem; because Gibraltar is a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom) 
  3. Gibraltar wis capturt on 24 Julie 1704 Auld Style or 4 August 1704 New Style.
  4. The treaty wis signed on 31 Mairch 1713 Auld Style or 11 Apryle 1713 New Style (Peace an Friendship Treaty o Utrecht atween Fraunce an Great Breetain).
  5. "Census of Gibraltar" (PDF). Gibraltar.gov.gi. 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  6. Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons (2015) Avakov, Aleksandr Vladimirovich. Algora Publishing, 1 April 2015.
  7. "Universal Postal Union document on Gibraltar" (PDF). Upu.int. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  8. "Abstract of Statistics 2009, Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar" (PDF). p. 2.  |first1= missin |last1= in Authors list (help) The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves) and non-British residents. Visitors and transients are not included. In 2009, this broke down into 23,907 native born, 3,129 UK British, 2,395 Other for a total population of 29,431. On census night there were 31,623 people present in Gibraltar.
  9. Country Profiles: Gibraltar, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 6 May 2010; retrieved 15 May 2010
  10. 10.0 10.1 Informe sobre la cuestión de Gibraltar, Spanish Foreign Ministry (in Spaingie)
  11. "History of Gibraltar". Government of Gibraltar. Retrieved 20 December 2007. [deid airtin]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]