York

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York
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
Eik-name(s): 
"Caipital o the North",[1] "Chocolate Ceety"[2]
Motto(s): 
'Let the Banner of York Fly High'
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Coordinates: 53°57′30″N 1°4′49″W / 53.95833°N 1.08028°W / 53.95833; -1.08028
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Constituent kintraIngland
RegionYorkshire an the Humber
Ceremonial coontyNorth Yorkshire
Admin HQYork City Centre
Foonditas Eboracum c. 71 AD
Govrenment
 • TeepUnitary Authority, Ceety
 • Govrenin bodyCity of York Council
 • Leadership:Leader an Executive
 • Executive:Labour
 • MPs:Hugh Bayley (L)
Julian Sturdy (C)
Area
 • Total271.94 km2 (105.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 est.)
 • Total([[Leet o Inglis destricts bi population|Ranked 83rd]])
 • Density687/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
(2009 Estimates)[3]
92.8% Ony White
3.4% Ony Asie
1.3% Mixed
1.2% Ony Black
1.4% Ony Chinese or ither
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (Breetish Simmer Time)
Postcode
Area code(s)01904
ISO 3166-2GB-YOR
ONS code00FF
OS grid referenceSE603517
NUTS 3UKE21
Websitewww.york.gov.uk

York (local Listeni/ˈjɔːrk/) is a wawed ceety, situatit at the confluence o the Rivers Ouse an Foss in North Yorkshire, Ingland. The ceety haes a rich heritage an haes providit the backdrop tae major poleetical events throughoot hintle o its twa millennia o existence. The ceety affers a walth o historic attractions, o which York Minster is the maist prominent, an a variety o cultural an sportin activities.

The ceety wis foondit bi the Romans in 71 AD, unner the name o Eboracum. It became in turn the caipital o the Roman province o Britannia Inferior, an o the kinricks o Northumbrie an Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major oo tradin centre an became the caipital o the northren ecclesiastical province o the Kirk o Ingland, a role it haes retained.[4]

In the 19t century York became a hub o the railwa netwirk an a confectionery manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York haes moved frae bein dominated bi its confectionery an railwey-relatit industries tae ane that provides services. The University of York an heal services hae acome major employers, whilst tourism haes acome an important element o the local economy.

Frae 1996, the term City of York describes a unitary authority aurie which includes rural auries ayont the auld ceety boondaries. In 2001 the urban aurie haed a population o 137,505,[5] while in 2010 the entire unitary authority haed an estimatit population o 202,400 [3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Andalo, Debbie (26 Mairch 2008). "Head to the capital of the north". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
  2. "The Chocolate City". York Press. 1999. Archived frae the original on 23 Mey 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
  3. a b "Key Figures for People and Society: Population and Migration". Office for National Statistics. 2010. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2012.
  4. "Timeline". Visit York. York Tourism Bureau. 2005. Archived frae the original on 8 Januar 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  5. "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2012.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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