York

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This airticle is aboot the ceety in the Unitit Kinrick. For ither uises, see York (disambiguation).
York
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
Offeecial logo o York
Airms of City of York Cooncil
Nickname(s): 
"Caipital o the North",[1] "Chocolate Ceety"[2]
Motto(s): 
'Let the Banner of York Fly High'
York athin North Yorkshire
York athin North Yorkshire
York
York shown athin North Yorkshire an Ingland
Coordinates: 53°57′30″N 1°4′49″W / 53.95833°N 1.08028°W / 53.95833; -1.08028
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Constituent kintraIngland
RegionYorkshire an the Humber
Ceremonial coontyNorth Yorkshire
Admin HQYork City Centre
Foonditas Eboracum c. 71 AD
Govrenment
 • TeepUnitary Authority, Ceety
 • Govrenin bodyCity of York Council
 • Leadership:Leader an Executive
 • Executive:Labour
 • MPs:Hugh Bayley (L)
Julian Sturdy (C)
Area
 • Total271.94 km2 (105.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 est.)
 • Tot([[Leet o Inglis destricts bi population|Ranked 83rd]])
 • Density687/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
(2009 Estimates)[3]
92.8% Ony White
3.4% Ony Asie
1.3% Mixed
1.2% Ony Black
1.4% Ony Chinese or ither
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (Breetish Simmer Time)
Postcode
Aurie code(s)01904
ISO 3166-2GB-YOR
ONS code00FF
OS grid referenceSE603517
NUTS 3UKE21
Wabsteidwww.york.gov.uk

York (local Listeni/ˈjɔːrk/) is a wawed ceety, situatit at the confluence o the Rivers Ouse an Foss in North Yorkshire, Ingland. The ceety haes a rich heritage an haes providit the backdrop tae major poleetical events throughoot hintle o its twa millennia o existence. The ceety affers a walth o historic attractions, o which York Minster is the maist prominent, an a variety o cultural an sportin activities.

The ceety wis foondit bi the Romans in 71 AD, unner the name o Eboracum. It became in turn the caipital o the Roman province o Britannia Inferior, an o the kinricks o Northumbrie an Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major oo tradin centre an became the caipital o the northren ecclesiastical province o the Kirk o Ingland, a role it haes retained.[4]

In the 19t century York became a hub o the railwa netwirk an a confectionery manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York haes moved frae bein dominated bi its confectionery an railwey-relatit industries tae ane that provides services. The University of York an heal services hae acome major employers, whilst tourism haes acome an important element o the local economy.

Frae 1996, the term City of York describes a unitary authority aurie which includes rural auries ayont the auld ceety boondaries. In 2001 the urban aurie haed a population o 137,505,[5] while in 2010 the entire unitary authority haed an estimatit population o 202,400 [3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Andalo, Debbie (26 March 2008). "Head to the capital of the north". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  2. "The Chocolate City". York Press. 1999. Archived frae the oreeginal on 23 May 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Key Figures for People and Society: Population and Migration". Office for National Statistics. 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  4. "Timeline". Visit York. York Tourism Bureau. 2005. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2007. 
  5. "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 

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