York

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This airticle is aboot the ceety in the Unitit Kinrick. For ither uises, see York (disambiguation).
York
Unitary Authority an Ceety
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
An aerial view o York, wi York Minster in the centre
Offeecial logo o York
Airms of City of York Cooncil
Nickname(s): "Caipital o the North",[1] "Chocolate Ceety"[2]
Motto: 'Let the Banner of York Fly High'
York athin North Yorkshire
York athin North Yorkshire
York
York shown athin North Yorkshire an Ingland
Coordinates: 53°57′30″N 1°4′49″W / 53.95833°N 1.08028°W / 53.95833; -1.08028
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Constituent kintra Ingland
Region Yorkshire an the Humber
Ceremonial coonty North Yorkshire
Admin HQ York City Centre
Foondit as Eboracum c. 71 AD
Govrenment
 • Teep Unitary Authority, Ceety
 • Govrenin body City of York Council
 • Leadership: Leader an Executive
 • Executive: Labour
 • MPs: Hugh Bayley (L)
Julian Sturdy (C)
Aurie
 • Tot 105.00 sq mi (271.94 km2)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Tot 204,439 ([[Leet o Inglis destricts bi population|Ranked 83rd]])
 • Density 1,780/sq mi (687/km2)
 • Ethnicity
(2009 Estimates)[3]
92.8% Ony White
3.4% Ony Asie
1.3% Mixed
1.2% Ony Black
1.4% Ony Chinese or ither
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) Breetish Simmer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode YO
Aurie code(s) 01904
ISO 3166-2 GB-YOR
ONS code 00FF
OS grid reference SE603517
NUTS 3 UKE21
Wabsteid www.york.gov.uk

York (local Listeni/ˈjɔːrk/) is a wawed ceety, situatit at the confluence o the Rivers Ouse an Foss in North Yorkshire, Ingland. The ceety haes a rich heritage and has providit the backdrop tae major poleetical events throughoot hintle o its twa millennia o existence. The ceety affers a walth o historic attractions, o which York Minster is the maist prominent, an a variety o cultural an sportin activities.

The ceety wis foondit bi the Romans in 71 AD, unner the name o Eboracum. It became in turn the caipital o the Roman province o Britannia Inferior, an o the kinricks o Northumbrie an Jorvik. In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool tradin centre an became the caipital o the northren ecclesiastical province o the Kirk o Ingland, a role it haes retained.[4]

In the 19t century York became a hub o the railwa netwirk an a confectionery manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services. The University of York and health services have become major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy.

Frae 1996, the term City of York describes a unitary authority aurie which includes rural auries ayont the auld ceety boondaries. In 2001 the urban aurie haed a population o 137,505,[5] while in 2010 the entire unitary authority haed an estimatit population o 202,400 [3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Andalo, Debbie (26 Mairch 2008). "Head to the capital of the north". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  2. "The Chocolate City". York Press. 1999. Archived frae the oreeginal on 23 Mey 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Key Figures for People and Society: Population and Migration". Office for National Statistics. 2010. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2012. 
  4. "Timeline". Visit York. York Tourism Bureau. 2005. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 Januar 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2007. 
  5. "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2012. 

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