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KintraUnitit States
Afore stateheidMississippi Territory
Admittit tae the Union10 Dizember 1817 (20t)
 • GovrenorPhil Bryant (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorTate Reeves (R)
LegislaturMississippi Legislature
 • Upper hooseState Senate
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives
U.S. senators
U.S. Hoose delegation3 Republicans, 1 Democrat (leet)
 • Total2,992,333 (2,015 est)[1]
 • Density24.5/km2 (63.5/sq mi)
 • Median hooseaud income
 • Income rank
 • Offeecial leidInglis
Trad. abbreviationMiss.
Latitude30° 12′ N tae 35° N
Longitude88° 06′ W tae 91° 39′ W
Mississippi state seembols
Ainimal an Plant insignia
Mammal(s)White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Inanimate insignia
Coloursreid an blue
FuidSweet potato
MottoVirtute et armis
Slogan(s)First Flight (unoffeecial)
Sang(s)"Go, Mississippi"
Route merker(s)
Mississippi Route Merker
State Quarter
Quarter of Mississippi
Released in 2002
Leets o Unitit States state seembols

Mississippi is a state locatit in the sootheastren region o the Unitit States. Mississippi is the 32nt maist extensive an 32nt maist populous o the 50 Unitit States. It is mairchit bi Tennessee tae the north, Alabama tae the east, the Gulf of Mexico an Louisiana tae the sooth, an Arkansas an Louisiana tae the wast. The state's wastren boundary is lairgely defined bi the Mississippi River. Jackson, wi a population o approximately 175,000 fowk, is baith the state's caipital an lairgest ceety.

The state is hivily forestit ootside the Mississippi Delta aurie, that is the aurie atween the Mississippi an Yazoo rivers. Afore the American Ceevil War, maist development in the state wis alang riverfronts, as the watterweys wae creetical for transportation. Lairge gangs o sclaves war uised tae wirk on cotton plantations. Efter the war, freedmen begoud tae clear the bottomlands tae the interior, in the process sellin aff timmer an buyin property. Bi the end o the 19t century, African Americans made up twa-thirds o the Delta's property awners, but timmer an railwey companies acquired muckle o the laund efter the financial creesis, that occurred whan blacks war facin increasin racial discrimination an disfranchisement in the state.

Clearin o the laund for plantations altered the Delta's ecology, increasin the severity o fluidin alang the Mississippi bi takkin oot trees an bushes that haed absorbed excess watters. Muckle laund is nou held bi agribusinesses. A lairgely rural state wi agricultural auries dominatit bi industrial farms, Mississippi is ranked law or last amang the states in sic meisurs as heal, eddicational attainment, an median hoosehaud income.[2][3][4] The state's catfish aquacultur farms produce the majority o farm-raised catfish consumed in the Unitit States.[5]

Syne the 1930s an the Great Migration o African Americans tae the North an Wast, the majority o Mississippi's population haes been white, awtho the state still haes the heichest percentage o black residents o ony U.S. state. Frae the early 19t century tae the 1930s, its residents war majority black, an afore the American Ceevil War that population wis componed lairgely o African-American sclaves. Democratic Party whites reteened poleetical pouer throu disfranchisement an Jim Crow laws. In the first hauf o the 20t century, nearly 400,000 rural blacks left the state for wirk an opportunities in northren an midwastren ceeties, wi anither wave o migration aroond Warld War II tae Wast Coast ceeties. In the early 1960s, Mississippi wis the puirest state in the naition, wi 86% o its non-whites livin ablo the poverty level.[6]

In 2010, 37% o Mississippians war African Americans, the heichest percentage o African Americans in ony U.S. state. Syne regainin enforcement o their votin richts in the late 1960s, maist African Americans hae supportit Democratic candidates in local, state an naitional elections. Conservative whites hae shiftit tae the Republican Pairty. African Americans are a majority in mony coonties o the Mississippi-Yazoo Delta, an aurie o historic sclave settlement in the plantation era.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  2. "Mississippi Annual State Health Rankings - 2013". America's Health Rankings. Archived frae the original on 24 Apryle 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. "Percent of People Who Have Completed High School (Including Equivalency) statistics – states compared – Statemaster". Archived frae the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. "State Median Household Income Patterns: 1990–2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  5. "Aquaculture: Catfish", Mississippi State University
  6. Kasher, Steven (1996). The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History, 1954–68. New York: Abbeville Press. pp. 132–135.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

State govrenment

Relatit information[eedit | eedit soorce]