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A glass o pasteurized cou milk

Milk is a white liquid produced bi the mammary glands o mammals. It is the primar soorce o nutreetion for infant mammals (includin humans wha breastfeed) afore thay are able tae digest ither teeps o fuid. Early-lactation milk conteens colostrum, which carries the mither's antibouks tae its young an can reduce the risk o mony diseases. It conteens mony ither nutrients[1] includin protein an lactose.

As an agricultural product, milk is extracted frae non-human mammals during or suin after pregnancy. Dairy farms produced aboot 730 million tonnes o milk in 2011,[2] frae 260 million dairy kye.[3] Indie is the warld's lairgest producer o milk, an is the leadin exporter o skimmed milk pouder, yet it exports few ither milk products.[4][5] The ever increasin rise in domestic demand for dairy products an a lairge demand-supply gap could lead tae Indie bein a net importer o dairy products in the futur.[6] The Unitit States, Indie, Cheenae an Brazil are the warld's lairgest exporters o milk an milk products.[7] Cheenae an Roushie war the warld's lairgest importers o milk an milk products till 2016 when baith kintras acame sel-sufficient, contreibutin tae a warldwide glut o milk.[8]

Throuoot the warld, thare are mair nor sax billion consumers o milk an milk products. Ower 750 million fowk live in dairy fermin hoosehaulds.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Pehrsson, P.R.; Haytowitz, D.B.; Holden, J.M.; Perry, C.R.; Beckler, D.G. (2000). "USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program: Food Sampling" (PDF). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 13 (4): 379–389. doi:10.1006/jfca.1999.0867. Archived frae the original (PDF) on Aprile 7, 2003. 
  2. "Food Outlook – Global Market Analysis" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Mey 2012. pp. 8, 51–54. 
  3. "World Dairy Cow Numbers". [FAO]. Januar 14, 2014. Retrieved Mairch 23, 2014. 
  4. Anand Kumar. "India emerging as a leading milk product exporter". Dawn. Pakistan. 
  5. "Government scraps incentive on milk powder exports to check prices". timesofindia-economictimes. 
  6. "Milk quality in India". 
  7. "Top Cows' Milk Producing Countries In The World". World Atlas. Mairch 16, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  8. Gagnon-Joseph, Nathalie (Februar 17, 2016). "Three approaches to the milk glut". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A, 24A, 25A. Retrieved Mairch 1, 2016. 
  9. Hemme, T.; Otte, J., eds. (2010). Status and Prospects for Smallholder Milk Production: A Global Perspective (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.