Milk

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A gless o pasteurized cou milk

Milk is a white liquid produced bi the mammary glands o mammals. It is the primar soorce o nutreetion for infant mammals (includin humans wha breastfeed) afore thay are able tae digest ither teeps o fuid. Early-lactation milk conteens colostrum, which cairies the mither's antibouks tae its young an can reduce the risk o mony diseases. It conteens mony ither nutrients[1] includin protein an lactose.

As an agricultural product, milk is extracted frae non-human mammals during or suin efter pregnancy. Dairy farms produced aboot 730 million tonnes o milk in 2011,[2] frae 260 million dairy kye.[3] Indie is the warld's lairgest producer o milk, an is the leadin exporter o skimmed milk pouder, yet it exports few ither milk products.[4][5] The ever increasin rise in domestic demand for dairy products an a lairge demand-supply gap coud lead tae Indie bein a net importer o dairy products in the futur.[6] The Unitit States, Indie, Cheenae an Brazil are the warld's lairgest exporters o milk an milk products.[7] Cheenae an Roushie war the warld's lairgest importers o milk an milk products till 2016 when baith kintras acame sel-sufficient, contreibutin tae a warldwide glut o milk.[8]

Throuoot the warld, thare are mair nor sax billion consumers o milk an milk products. Ower 750 million fowk live in dairy fermin hoosehaulds.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Pehrsson, P.R.; Haytowitz, D.B.; Holden, J.M.; Perry, C.R.; Beckler, D.G. (2000). "USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program: Food Sampling" (PDF). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 13 (4): 379–389. doi:10.1006/jfca.1999.0867. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 7 Apryle 2003.
  2. "Food Outlook – Global Market Analysis" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Mey 2012. pp. 8, 51–54.
  3. "World Dairy Cow Numbers". [FAO]. 14 Januar 2014. Archived frae the original on 23 Mairch 2014. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2014.
  4. Anand Kumar. "India emerging as a leading milk product exporter". Dawn. Pakistan.
  5. "Government scraps incentive on milk powder exports to check prices". timesofindia-economictimes.
  6. "Milk quality in India". milkproduction.com. Archived frae the original on 30 Juin 2015. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2017.
  7. "Top Cows' Milk Producing Countries In The World". World Atlas. 16 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  8. Gagnon-Joseph, Nathalie (17 Februar 2016). "Three approaches to the milk glut". The Chronicle. Barton, Vermont. pp. 1A, 24A, 25A. Retrieved 1 Mairch 2016.
  9. Hemme, T.; Otte, J., eds. (2010). Status and Prospects for Smallholder Milk Production: A Global Perspective (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.