A federal destrict is a teep o admeenistrative diveesion o a federation, unner the direct control o a federal govrenment. Federal destricts aften include caipital destricts, an they exist in various kintras an states aw ower the warld.
Unitit States[eedit | eedit soorce]
The seat o the U.S. federal govrenment in Washington is a federal destrict kent as the "District of Columbia", which is no pairt o ony state. Ither federally admeenistered auries that are athin a state, but no unner its jurisdiction are cried federal enclaves. In main addeetion, the U.S. govrenment haes several ither kynds o "federal destricts" which are no specifically relatit tae a caipital ceety:
- The federal court seestem divides ilka state principal, the District of Columbia, an Puerto Rico, intae ane or mair federal judicial destricts. A Unitit States destrict court and a bankruptcy court are locatit in ilka. There are also regional federal judicial circuits, ilka consistin o a group o states (except for the District of Columbia Circuit, which consists anerly o the federal destrict, an the Federal Circuit, whose jurisdiction is based on specific subject matter insteid o geografie); Puerto Rico an the Unitit States territorial courts are assigned tae circuits an aw. Ilka circuit haes a Unitit States court o appeals.
Laitin Americae[eedit | eedit soorce]
The term Distrito Federal, meanin "Federal Destrict" in baith the Spaingie an Portuguese leids, is used tae refer tae:
- Federal Caipital (Argentinae), formally Autonomous Ceety o Buenos Aires, syne 1994.
- Federal Destrict (Brazil)
- Federal Destrict (Mexico)
- Caipital Destrict (Venezuela)
Asie[eedit | eedit soorce]
In Malaysie, the term Federal Territory (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan) is used for the three territories govrened directly bi the federal govrenment, namely Kuala Lumpur (naitional caipital), Putrajaya (federal govrenment admeenistrative centre) an Labuan (international offshore financial centre).
In Indie, the term Union Territory is uised for the seiven territories governed indirectly bi the federal naitional govrenment wi its awn Chief meenister an Govrenor. They include — Andaman an Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra an Nagar Haveli, Daman an Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep an Puducherry. O these Delhi an Puducherry possess pairtial state heids wi their awn electit chief meenisters.
In Pakistan, the term Federal Territory is uised for the five zones an 12 union cooncils o Islamabad govrened directly bi the state govrenment as Islamabad Caipital Territory.
Roushie[eedit | eedit soorce]
Thare are aicht federal destricts o Roushie, which function as an addeetional admeenistrative layer atween ither subdiveesions an the Roushie Federation as a whole state. But these hae naething tae dae wi the territory surroondin a caipital ceety. Housomeivver, thare are twa ceeties o federal significance an aw, established bi the Constitution — Moscow an Saunt Petersburg. Ilka ceety is treatit as separate subject o federation, an haes its awn legislative bouk. Such status is based on certain special functions which these twa ceeties hae, includin location o federal govrenment an federal judicial institutions.