Columbia River

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Columbia River
Aerial view of a large river winding through a mountainous gorge. It passes over a dam stretching in four segments from bank to bank across three intervening islands. Highways, passing by clusters of buildings here and there on both banks, run parallel to the river. Whitewater and foam curl downriver from one of the central segments.
Name oreegin: Captain Robert Gray's ship, Columbia Rediviva
Nickname: Big River, the River o the Wast, River Oregon[1]
Kintras Unitit States, Canadae
States Washington, Oregon
Province Breetish Columbie
 - left Spillimacheen River, Beaver River, Illecillewaet River, Incomappleux River, Kootenay River, Pend Oreille River, Spokane River, Snake River, John Day River, Deschutes River, Willamette River
 - right Kicking Horse River, Blaeberry River, Canoe River, Kettle River, Sanpoil River, Okanogan River, Entiat River, Wenatchee River, Yakima River, Lewis River, Cowlitz River
Ceeties Revelstoke, BC, Wenatchee, WA, East Wenatchee, WA, Tri-Cities, WA, The Dalles, OR, Hood River, OR, Portland, OR, Vancouver, WA, Longview, WA, Astoria, OR
Soorce Columbia Lake
 - location British Columbia, Canada
 - elevation 2,690 ft (820 m) [2]
 - coordinates 50°13′35″N 115°51′05″W / 50.22639°N 115.85139°W / 50.22639; -115.85139 [3]
Mooth Pacific Ocean, at Clatsop County, Oregon / Pacific County, Washington
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
 - coordinates 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W / 46.24417; -124.05806Coordinates: 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W / 46.24417; -124.05806 [4]
Lenth 1,243 mi (2,000 km) [5]
Basin 258,000 sq mi (668,000 km2)
Discharge for mouth (average); max and min at The Dalles, Oregon, 188.9 miles (304.0 km) from the mouth
 - average 265,000 cu ft/s (7,500 m3/s) [6] [7][8]
 - max 1,240,000 cu ft/s (35,100 m3/s)
 - min 12,100 cu ft/s (300 m3/s)
Three-color map of the Columbia River watershed. The watershed is shaped roughly like a funnel with its wide end to the east and its narrow end along the border between Washington and Oregon as it nears the Pacific Ocean. The watershed extends into the western US states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, and Montana, and the western Canadian province of British Columbia as far east as its border with Alberta. The river itself makes a hairpin turn from north-west to south in British Columbia and another sharp turn from south to west as it nears Oregon.
Columbia River drainage basin
Wikimedia Commons: Columbia River

The Columbia River is the lairgest river in the Pacific Northwest region o North Americae.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Holbrook, Stewart (1956). The Columbia. San Francisco: Comstock Editions. ISBN 978-0-89174-051-3.
  2. Marsh, James H. (2013). "Columbia River". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  3. "Columbia Lake". Canadian Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  4. "Columbia River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  5. "The Columbia River". Columbia River Keeper. 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  6. Kammerer, J. C. (May 1990). "Largest Rivers in the United States". United States Geological Survey. Archived frae the oreeginal on January 29, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. Kimbrough, R. A.; Ruppert, G. P.; Wiggins, W. D.; Smith, R. R.; Kresch, D. L. (2006). "Water Data Report WA-05-1: Klickitat and White Salmon River Basins and the Columbia River from Kennewick to Bonneville Dam" (PDF). Water Resources Data-Washington Water Year 2005. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
  8. Loy et al. 2001, pp. 164–65.