Alabama

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Alabama
KintraUnitit States
Afore stateheidAlabama Territory
Admittit tae the UnionDecember 14, 1819 (22nt)
Lairgest ceetyBirmingham
Lairgest metroBirmingham metropolitan area
Govrenment
 • GovrenorKay Ivey (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorVacant
LegislaturAlabama Legislatur
 • Upper hooseSenate R-25, D-8
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives R-72, D-33
U.S. senatorsRichard Shelby (R)
Luther Strange (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation6 Republicans, 1 Democrat (leet)
Population
 • Total4,863,300 (2,016 est.)[1]
 • Median hooseaud income
$44509[2]
 • Income rank
47t
Leid
 • Offeecial leidEnglish
 • Spoken leidAs o 2010[3]
  • English 95.1%
  • Spanish 3.1%
Trad. abbreviationAla.
Latitude30° 11′ N tae 35° N
Longitude84° 53′ W tae 88° 28′ W

Alabama is a state in the sootheastren region o the Unitit States. It is mairchit bi Tennessee tae the north, Georgie tae the east, Florida an the Gulf o Mexico tae the sooth, an Mississippi tae the wast. Alabama is the 30t lairgest bi area an the 24t-maist populous o the U.S. states. Wi a tot o 1,500 mile (2,400 km) o inland watterweys, Alabama haes amang the maist o ony state.[4] Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, efter the state bird. Alabama is cried the "Hert o Dixie" an the "Cotton State" an aa. The state tree is the langleaf pine, an the state flouer is the camellia. Alabama's caipital is Montgomery. The lairgest city bi population is Birmingham,[5] that haes lang been the maist industrialised city; the lairgest city bi laund area is Huntsville. The auldest city is Mobile, foondit bi French colonists in 1702 as the caipital o French Louisiana.[6]

Frae the American Ceevil War till Warld War II, Alabama, lik mony states in the soothren U.S., suffered economic haurdship, in pairt acause o its conteena'd dependence on agricultur. Seemilar tae ither umwhile sclave states, Alabama legislators employed Jim Crow laws tae disenfranchise an itherwise discriminate against African Americans frae the end o the Reconstruction Era up till at least the 1970's. Despite the growthe o major industries an urban centres, white rural interests dominatit the state legislatur frae 1901 tae the 1960s. In this time, urban interests an African Americans war merkedly unner-representit. Follaein Warld War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed frae ane primarily based on agricultur tae ane wi diversifee'd interests. The state economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturin, aerospace, meeneral extraction, healcare, eddication, retail, an technology.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. 26 December 2015. Archived frae the original (CSV) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  3. Stephens, Challen (19 October 2015). "A look at the languages spoken in Alabama and the drop in the Spanish speaking population". AL.com. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  4. "Alabama Transportation Overview" (PDF). Economic Development Partnership of Alabama. Retrieved 21 Januar 2017.
  5. "Alabama". QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Archived frae the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. Thomason, Michael (2001). Mobile: The New History of Alabama's First City. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. pp. 2–21. ISBN 0-8173-1065-7.
  7. "Alabama Occupational Projections 2008-2018" (PDF). Alabama Department of Industrial Relations. State of Alabama. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 17 Januar 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

State govrenment

Relatit information[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 32°42′N 86°42′W / 32.7°N 86.7°W / 32.7; -86.7