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State o Alabama
Banner o Alabama State seal o Alabama
Banner Seal
Nickname(s): The Yellowhammer State, Hert o Dixie, The Cotton State
Motto(s): Laitin: Audemus iura nostra defendere We dare defend our rights
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Alabama heichlichtit
Offeecial leidEnglish
Spoken leidsAs o 2010[1]
  • English 95.1%
  • Spanish 3.1%
Lairgest ceetyBirmingham
Lairgest metroBirmingham metropolitan aurie
AurieRanked 30t
 • Tot52,419 sq mi
(135,765 km2)
 • Width190 miles (305 km)
 • Lenth330 miles (531 km)
 • % watter3.20
 • Latitude30° 11′ N tae 35° N
 • Longitude84° 53′ W tae 88° 28′ W
PopulationRanked 24t
 • Tot4,863,300 (2016 est.)[3]
 • Density94.7 (2011 est.)/sq mi  (36.5 (2011 est.)/km2)
Ranked 27t
 • Median hoosehauld income$44,509[4] (47t)
 • Heichest pyntMount Cheaha[5][6][7]
2,413 ft (735.5 m)
 • Mean500 ft  (150 m)
 • Lawest pyntGulf o Mexico[6]
sea level
Afore statehuidAlabama Territory
Admission to UnionDecember 14, 1819 (22nt)
GovrenorKay Ivey (R)
Lieutenant GovernorVacant
LegislaturAlabama Legislatur
 • Upper hooseSenate R-25, D-8
 • Lawer hooseHoose o Representatives R-72, D-33
U.S. SenatorsRichard Shelby (R)
Luther Strange (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation6 Republicans, 1 Democrat (leet)
Time zones 
 • most of stateCentral: UTC −6/−5
 • Phenix City, Alabama areaEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsAL, Ala.

Alabama is a state in the sootheastren region o the Unitit States. It is mairchit bi Tennessee tae the north, Georgie tae the east, Florida an the Gulf o Mexico tae the sooth, an Mississippi tae the wast. Alabama is the 30t lairgest bi aurie an the 24t-maist populous o the U.S. states. Wi a tot o 1,500 miles (2,400 km) o inland watterweys, Alabama haes amang the maist o ony state.[8] Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, efter the state bird. Alabama is an aa kent as the "Hert o Dixie" an the "Cotton State". The state tree is the langleaf pine, an the state flouer is the camellia. Alabama's caipital is Montgomery. The lairgest ceety bi population is Birmingham,[9] that haes lang been the maist industrialised ceety; the lairgest ceety bi laund aurie is Huntsville. The auldest ceety is Mobile, foondit bi French colonists in 1702 as the caipital o French Louisiana.[10]

Frae the American Ceevil War till Warld War II, Alabama, lik mony states in the soothren U.S., suffered economic haurdship, in pairt acause o its conteena'd dependence on agricultur. Seemilar tae ither umwhile sclave states, Alabama legislators employed Jim Crow laws tae disenfranchise an itherwise discriminate against African Americans frae the end o the Reconstruction Era up till at least the 1970's. Despite the growthe o major industries an urban centres, white rural interests dominatit the state legislatur frae 1901 tae the 1960s. In this time, urban interests an African Americans war merkedly unner-representit. Follaein Warld War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed frae ane primarily based on agricultur tae ane wi diversifee'd interests. The state economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturin, aerospace, meeneral extraction, healcare, eddication, retail, an technology.[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stephens, Challen (19 October 2015). "A look at the languages spoken in Alabama and the drop in the Spanish speaking population". Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  2. "State of Alabama". The Battle of Gettysburg. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  3. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. "Cheehahaw". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. "Alabama Transportation Overview" (PDF). Economic Development Partnership of Alabama. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  9. "Alabama". QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 10, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. Thomason, Michael (2001). Mobile: The New History of Alabama's First City. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. pp. 2–21. ISBN 0-8173-1065-7.
  11. "Alabama Occupational Projections 2008-2018" (PDF). Alabama Department of Industrial Relations. State of Alabama. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on January 17, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

State govrenment

Relatit information[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 32°42′N 86°42′W / 32.7°N 86.7°W / 32.7; -86.7