Clan Hay

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Clan Hay
MacGaraidh
MottoSERVA JUGUM
Slogan"A Hay! A Hay!"
Profile
Plant badgeMistletoe
AinimalFalcon
Chief
Arms of Hay, Earl of Erroll.svg
The Rt. Hon. Merlin Sereld Hay
The 24t Earl o Erroll
SeatWoodbury Hall.[1]
Historic seatSlains Castle
Ane o the Hay tartans. Frae Vestiarium Scoticum.

Clan Hay is a Scots clan that haes played an important pairt in the history an politics o Scotland. Members o the clan are tae be foond in maist pairts of Scotland an in mony ither pairts o the warld. Housomeivver, the North East o Scotland, i.e. Aiberdeenshire Aiberdeenshire (historic), Banffshire, Morayshire an Nairnshire Nairn (bundaries), is the hert o Hay kintra wi ither significant concentrations o Hays bein foond in Perthshire, especially aroond Perth, in the Scots Borders, an in Shetland.

Oreegin o the name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wird hay is Scots, the Gaelic form o Hay is MacGaradh.

Legend o Luncarty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are twa ways tae approach the oreegins o Clan Hay. The first is the Legend of Luncarty, which is an important Hay tradeetion, while the seicont is based on historical research, albeit that inconsistencies tend tae occur efter sae mony centuries. Hector Boece, the Scots academic, wrote the first kent accoont o the Luncarty legend in his Scotorium Historia, which wis initially published in 1525, wi a seicont edition bein published posthumously in 1575.[2] Thare are numerous versions o the legend that are based upon Boece’s wirk but which include various embellishments. In contrast, George Buchanan’s accoont in his Rerum Scoticarum Historia, published in 1582 an derived frae Boece’s wirk, omits ony reference tae the hawk’s flicht delineatin the land grant.[3] In 2010, Sutton published a hypertext edition, in baith Laitin an Inglis, o Boece’s 1575 edition o the Historia, thus providin ready access tae his oreeginal accoont o the legend.[2] The version o the legend quotit belaw is frae John Burke (genealogist)'s "Peerage",1832 edition.[4]

"The traditional oreegin o the noble hoose o Hay is thus relatit:— In the reign o Kenneth III, anno 980, the Danes, who haed invadit Scotland, haein prevailed, at the battle o Luncarty, near Perth, wur pursuin the flyin Scots, frae the field, when a kintraman an his twa sons appeared in a narrae pass, through which the vanquisht wur hurryin, an impedit for a moment their flicht. "Wha," said the rustic, "haed ye rather be slaughtered bi your merciless foes, than dee honorably in the field; come, rally, rally!" an he heidit the fugitives, brandishin his ploughshare, an cryin oot, that help wis at hand: the Danes, believin that a fresh airmy wis fallin upon them, fled in confusion, an the Scots thus recovered the laurel which they haed lost, an freed their kintraside frae servitude. The battle being wan, the auld man, efterwards kent bi the name o Hay, wis brought tae the keeng, who, assemblin a parliament at Scone, gave tae the said Hay an his sons, as a juist reward for their valour, so muckle land on the Tay River, in the destrict o Gowrie, as a falcon frae a man's haund flew ower till it settled; which being sax miles in length, wis efterwards cried Errol; an the keeng being desirous tae elevate Hay an his sons frae their humble rank in life, tae the order o nobility, his majesty assigned them a coat o airms, which wis argent, three escutcheons, gules, tae intimate that the faither an twa sons haed been the three fortunate shields o Scotland."

Slains Pursuivant, Peter Drummond-Murray o Mastrick, is the private officer o airms o the Chief o Clan Hay

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

William II de Haya[eedit | eedit soorce]

Clan Hay descends frae faimily Hay. The progenitors o the Scots clan wir Hay.

Connection tae the de La Haye o Normandy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreegins o the Hays o Erroll wur investigatot aroond 1954 bi Wagner[5] who presentit evidence, based lairgely on heraldry, that the Scots Hays wur descendit frae de La Haye o La Haye-Hue in the Cotentin Peninsula o Normandy. That evidence begins wi a seal uised bi David de Haya (Haia), the son o William II de Haya, on a chairter aroond 1230. It shows the airms o airgent three inescutcheons gules, i.e., a siller shield containin three smawer reid shields, an are the same airms presently uised bi the Earl o Erroll. Thay bear nae resemblance tae those o the de La Haye o Ingland, but thay are the same as those uised bi Jean de La Haye-Hue in Normandy aroond 1368-1375. The de La Haye o La Haye Hue can be traced back tae the 12t century, that is, when William II de Haya wis first kent tae be in Scotland. Wagner therefore concludit that the Hays o Erroll an the Hayes o La Haye wur relatit. He forby pointit oot that the Hays wur linked tae the pouerful Normandy faimily o Soulis Ranulf I de Soules in that La Haye-Hue, nou cried La Haye-Bellefond, is locatit juist athort the sma Soules River frae Soulles, the seat o that faimily. Seicondly, the Soulis name, rare in Ingland, an the mair common Hay, are baith foond in the records o Dover castle in the early 13t century.

A third pynt, which Wagner did no mention, is that William I de Haya marriet Juliana de Soulis an thir twa wur the parents o William II de Haya.[6]

Successors o William II de Haya[eedit | eedit soorce]

David De Haya, who weddit Helen, dochter o Gilbert (or Gille Brigte), Earl o Strathearn, an haed:[7]

  • 1 Gilbert, who succeedit his faither at Erroll, wis ancestor o the Noble hoose o the Earls Errol, which endit in heiresses in 1717: the youngest o whom espoused the Earl o Kilmarnock, an her descendant is nou Earl O Erroll.[7]
  • 2 William De Haya, obtained frae his brither Gilbert, in 1235, a grant o twa carucates o land, in Errol, cried Leys; which grant wis efterwards confirmed, in 1451, bi William, Earl o Errol, tae Edmund Hay, o Leys, the lineal descendant of this William. This branch wad later chynged thair name tae Hay-Balfour o Leys in the coonty o Perth, an o Randerston, in Fife. Accordin tae John Burk, the Hay-Balfours o Leys are the "male representative o the noble family o Hay".[7]
  • 3 David, parson o Erroll.[8]

Gilbert, who succeeded his faither at Erroll, wis Sheriff o Perth afore 1262. He wis appointit ane o the regents an guardians tae Keeng Alexander III. He marriet Idonea, dochter o William Comyn, Earl o Buchan, an haed a son, Nicolas.[9]

Wars o Scots Unthirldom[eedit | eedit soorce]

His son, Nicolas de Haya o Erroll wis Sheriff o Perth afore 1288. He swore fealty tae Keeng Edward I on 12 Julie 1296. He wis summoned bi Edward I tae attend parliament at St. Andrews in 1303-04. He haed fower sons:[10]

The son, Gilbert de Haya of Erroll, swore fealty tae Edward I at Aiberdeen in 1296. Housomeivver, in 1306 he jynt Robert the Bruce an continued faithfully tae him throughoot the War o Unthirldom. In consequence Edward I declared Gilbert a traitor, but Robert the Bruce rewardit him wi a chairter ower the lands o Slains in Aiberdeenshire an the office o Constable o the realm o Scotland.[12]

16t century an Anglo-Scots Wars[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the Anglo-Scots Wars the Clan Hay suffered vera hivy casualties in the Battle o Flodden in 1513. Anither Hay, named Sir Gilbert an aw, wis a Scots knight who focht for Joan o Arc durin the Hunder Years' War.

Follaein the Reformation, the Hays remained lyal tae Catholicism an sicweys wur allies tae Mary, Queen o Scots, who appointit George Hay, the 7t Earl o Erroll, Lord Lieutenant o aw central Scotland. Francis Hay, 9t Earl o Erroll, wis involved in a conspiracy wi Keeng Philip II o Spain, tae owerthrow Queen Elizabeth o Ingland, convert Keeng James VI tae Catholicism an sicweys mak Breetain a Catholic stranghauld. Wi the defeat o the Spainyie Armada, housomeivver, the conspiracy came tae nothing.

17t century an Ceevil War[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the Ceevil War James Hay led his forces as Ryalists against the Covenanters at the Battle o Aiberdeen in 1644 whaur thay wur victorious.

18t century an Jacobite Uprisins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the Act o Union in 1707, the Hays wur sympathetic tae the Jacobite cause. The ruins o thair fortress o Slains Castle, on the northeast coast o Scotland, wis a frequent meetin place for Jacobite conspirators. In 1745, the Clan Hay supportit Bonnie Prince Charlie an assistit in financin his rebellion.

Wi the collapse o Jacobotism, the Hays became lyal Breetish subjects, an mony Hays wur involved in expandin the Breetish Empire.

Mistletoe is the clan's plant badge

Clan profile[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Gaelic Names: MacGaraidh (Surname) & Clann 'icGaraidh (Collective).
  • Motto: Serva Jugum (Keep the yoke).
  • Slogan: "A Hay! A Hay!".
  • Pipe Muisic: "Delgaty Castle".
  • Crest: Issuin oot o a Crest Coronet, a falcon volant Proper, airmed, jessed, an belled Or.
  • Clan badge: Mistletoe.
  • Ainimal Seembol: Falcon.
  • Chief's Airms: Argent, three escutcheons Gules

Chief[eedit | eedit soorce]

Branches[eedit | eedit soorce]

Arms of The Earl of Erroll
Earl
o Erroll
Arms of The Hay of Leys
Hay
o Leys
Arms of Hay of Seafield
Hay
o Seafield
Arms o the Hay of Fudie
Hay
o Fudie
Arms o the Hay of Cardenie
Hay
o Cardenie
Arms of The Hay of Alderston
Hay
o Alderston
Arms of The Hay of Dalgety
Hay
o Dalgety
Arms of The Hay of Megginch
Hay
o Megginch
Arms of The Hay of Leith
Hay
o Leith
Arms o the Hay of Park
Hay
o Park
Arms o the Hay of Naughton
Hay
o Naughton
Arms o the Hay of Strowie
Hay
o Strowie
Arms of The Hay of Pitfour
Hay
o Pitfour
Arms of The Hay of Newhall
Hay
o Newhall
Arms o the Hay of Laxfirth
Hay
o Laxfirth
Arms o the Hay of Letham
Hay
o Letham
Arms o the Hay of Boyne
Hay
o Boyne
Arms o the Hay of Locherworth
Hay
o Locherworth
Arms o the Hay of Broxmouth
Hay
o Broxmouth
Arms o the Marquess of Tweeddale
Marquess
o Tweeddale
Arms o the Lord Hay of Yester
Lord Hay
o Yester
Arms o the Hay of Linplum
Hay
o Linplum
Arms o the Hay of Smithfleld an Haystoun
Hay
o Smithfleld an Haystoun
Arms o the Hay of Kinnoull
Hay
o Kinnoull

Castles[eedit | eedit soorce]

Septs an Tartans[eedit | eedit soorce]

The septs an associatit Families o Clan Hay are:[28]

  • Arms of Hay, Earl of Erroll.svgHay
  • de la Haye
  • MacHay
  • O'Hea
  • Hayson
  • Hayes
  • Hays
  • MacGaradh
  • MacGarra
  • McArra
  • MacGarrow
  • Garra
  • Garrad
  • Garrow
  • O'Garra
  • O'Garrow
  • Leish
  • Hay of Leith arms.jpgLeith
  • Des Hay
  • Peebles Hayton
  • Hayston
  • Haydock
  • Haytor
  • Hayden
  • Hayens
  • Haylees
  • Haynes
  • Hayse
  • Deshays
  • Hay of Alderston arms.jpgAlderston
  • Kellour
  • Hay of Laxfirth arms.svgLaxfirth
  • Hay of Locherworth arms.jpgLocherworth
  • Lord Hay of Yester arms.svgYester
  • Drumelizior
  • Hayfield
  • Ay, Aye
  • Ayer
  • Constable Haywood
  • Hayter
  • Haylor
  • Hayburn
  • Hayward
  • Hayne
  • Haynie
  • Hay of Smithfleld and Haystoun arms.svgHaystoun
  • Hey
  • Haye
  • Heyes
  • De Hay
  • da Hay
  • de Haya
  • da Haya
  • Dellahay
  • de la Hay
  • Hea
  • O'Hay Aue
  • Peeples Gifford
  • Beagrie
  • Marquess of Tweeddale arms.svgTweeddale
  • Delgatie
  • Arms of Hay, Earl of Erroll.svgErroll
  • Arms of Hay, Earl of Kinnoull.svgKinnoull
  • Slains
  • Turriff
  • Dupplin
  • de Plessis
  • Arroll
  • Conn, Con
  • Hayhoe
  • Hayson
  • Hayhow
  • Hawson
  • D'Aye, D/Ay Fowks
  • (recent additions)
  • Hey - (Holland, Europe)
  • Hej - (frae Hey)
  • Geij - (Roushie, Pols, frae Hej)

Relatit pages[eedit | eedit soorce]

notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "clanchiefs.org". Archived frae the original on 26 Julie 2011. Retrieved 16 Februar 2011.
  2. a b Sutton,2010
  3. Sutton,2003,2009
  4. A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, p.443, By John Burke, Published by H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1832; link
  5. Wagner 1954,1955
  6. Reg. of Coupar ii, 284.Referenced in Balfour 1906, pp.555-7
  7. a b c d A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain; p.504; By John Burke; Published by Colburn, 1836; link
  8. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 556; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  9. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 557-558; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  10. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 558-559; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  11. a b c d The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 559; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  12. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 559-560; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  13. "burkes peerage".
  14. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain; p.507; By John Burke; Published by Colburn, 1836; link
  15. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain; p.507-508; By John Burke; Published by Colburn, 1836; link
  16. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain; p.509; By John Burke; Published by Colburn, 1836; link
  17. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 416; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  18. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 467; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  19. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 454; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  20. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 460; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  21. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 456; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  22. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 449; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  23. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 450; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  24. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 451; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  25. The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; vol VIII; p. 435; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  26. The Highland Clans By Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Iain Moncreiffe, David Hicks; p. 188; Published by Barrie & Jenkins, 1982; link
  27. http://www.aboutaberdeen.com/slainscastle.php
  28. "Septs and Associated Families by Official Website of the Clan Hay". Archived frae the original on 8 August 2011. Retrieved 16 Februar 2011.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Balfour, J.P. (1906). The Scots Peerage, Vol.III. Edinburgh: D. Douglas. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)

Black, G.F. (1946). The surnames of Scotland; their origin, meaning and history. New York: New York Public Library. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)

Keegan, J. (1983). Six Armies in Normandy. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin Books Ltd. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)

Sutton, Dana F. (2003, revised 2007). Hist/ "George Buchanan,Rerum Scoticarum Historia (1582). A hypertext critical edition" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 7/12/2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= and |year= (help)[deid airtin]

Sutton, Dana F. (2010). "Hector Boethius, Scotorum Historia (1575 version). A hypertext critical edition". Retrieved 7/12/2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Townsend, P (editor) (1970). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. London: Burke's Peerage Limited. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)CS1 maint: extra text: authors leet (link)

Wagner, A.R. (1954 and 1955). "The origin of the Hays of Erroll". The Genealogist's Magazine. 11 and 12: 535–540 and 1–6. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)

Whyte, D (1996). Sottish surnames. Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]