Cobaut

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Cobaut,  27Co
cobalt chips
General properties
Appearance haird lustrous gray metal
Staundart atomic wecht (Ar, staundart) 58.933194(4)
Cobaut in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
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Co

Rh
ironcobautnickel
Atomic nummer (Z) 27
Group group 9
Period period 4
Element category   transition metal
Block d-block
Electron confeeguration [Ar] 4s2 3d7
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 15, 2
Pheesical properties
Colour metallic gray
Phase (at STP) solit
Meltin pynt 1768 K ​(1495 °C, ​2723 °F)
Bylin pynt 3200 K ​(2927 °C, ​5301 °F)
Density (near r.t.) 8.90 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.) 7.75 g/cm3
Heat o fusion 16.06 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation 377 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 24.81 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1790 1960 2165 2423 2755 3198
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1[1] amphoteric oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.88
Ionisation energies
Atomic radius empirical: 125 pm
Covalent radius 126±3 (law spin), 150±7 (heich spin) pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Miscellanea
Creestal structurhexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed creestal structur for cobaut
Speed o soond thin rod 4720 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion 13.0 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 100 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 62.4 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderin ferromagnetic
Young's modulus 209 GPa
Shear modulus 75 GPa
Bouk modulus 180 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.31
Mohs haurdness 5.0
Vickers haurdness 1043 MPa
Brinell haurdness 700 MPa
CAS Nummer 7440-48-4
History
Diskivery Georg Brandt (1732)
Main isotopes o cobaut
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
56Co syn 77.27 d ε 56Fe
57Co syn 271.79 d ε 57Fe
58Co syn 70.86 d ε 58Fe
59Co 100% stable
60Co syn 5.2714 y β, γ 60Ni
| references | in Wikidata

Cobaut is a chemical element wi seembol Co an atomic nummer 27. Lik nickel, cobaut in the Yird's crust is foond anly in chemically combined furm, save for smaa deposits foond in alloys o naitural meteoric iron. The free element, produced bi reductive smeltin, is a haird, lustrous, siller-gray metal.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth–Heinemann. pp. 1117–1119. ISBN 0080379419.