Airsenic

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Airsenic,  33As
Arsen 1a.jpg
General properties
Name, seembol airsenic, As
Appearance metallic grey
Airsenic in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline yird metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline yird metal)
Aluminium (post-transeetion metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline yird metal)
Scandium (transeetion metal)
Titanium (transeetion metal)
Vanadium (transeetion metal)
Chromium (transeetion metal)
Manganese (transeetion metal)
Airn (transeetion metal)
Cobalt (transeetion metal)
Nickel (transeetion metal)
Capper (transeetion metal)
Zinc (transeetion metal)
Gallium (post-transeetion metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline yird metal)
Yttrium (transeetion metal)
Zirconium (transeetion metal)
Niobium (transeetion metal)
Molybdenum (transeetion metal)
Technetium (transeetion metal)
Ruthenium (transeetion metal)
Rhodium (transeetion metal)
Palladium (transeetion metal)
Siller (transeetion metal)
Cadmium (transeetion metal)
Indium (post-transeetion metal)
Tin (post-transeetion metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline yird metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transeetion metal)
Tantalum (transeetion metal)
Tungsten (transeetion metal)
Rhenium (transeetion metal)
Osmium (transeetion metal)
Iridium (transeetion metal)
Platinum (transeetion metal)
Gold (transeetion metal)
Mercur (transeetion metal)
Thallium (post-transeetion metal)
Leid (post-transeetion metal)
Bismuth (post-transeetion metal)
Polonium (post-transeetion metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline yird metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transeetion metal)
Dubnium (transeetion metal)
Seaborgium (transeetion metal)
Bohrium (transeetion metal)
Hassium (transeetion metal)
Meitnerium (unkent chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unkent chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unkent chemical properties)
Copernicium (transeetion metal)
Ununtrium (unkent chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transeetion metal)
Ununpentium (unkent chemical properties)
Livermorium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unkent chemical properties)
P

As

Sb
germaniumairsenicselenium
Atomic nummer (Z) 33
Group, block group 15 (pnictogens), p-block
Period period 4
Element category   metalloid
Staundart atomic wicht (±) (Ar) 74.921595(6)
Electron configuration [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p3
per shell
2, 8, 18, 5
Pheesical properties
Phase solid
Sublimation pynt 887 K ​(615 °C, ​1137 °F)
Density near r.t. 5.727 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 5.22 g/cm3
Triple pynt 1090 K, ​3628[1] kPa
Creetical pynt 1673 K, ? MPa
Heat o fusion (grey) 24.44 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation ? 34.76 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 24.64 J/(mol·K)
vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 553 596 646 706 781 874
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 3, 2, 1,[2] -3 ​mildly acidic oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.18
Ionisation energies
(mair)
Atomic radius empirical: 119 pm
Covalent radius 119±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 185 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structur trigonal[3]
Simple trigonal crystal structur for airsenic
Thermal conductivity 50.2 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 333 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderin diamagnetic[4]
Young's modulus 8 GPa
Bulk modulus 22 GPa
Mohs haurdness 3.5
Brinell haurdness 1440 MPa
CAS Nummer 7440-38-2
History
Discovery Early Bronze Age (2500 BC)
First isolation Albertus Magnus (1250)
Maist stable isotopes o airsenic
iso NA hauf-life DM DE (MeV) DP
73As syn 80.3 d ε - 73Ge
γ 0.05D, 0.01D, e -
74As syn 17.78 d ε - 74Ge
β+ 0.941 74Ge
γ 0.595, 0.634 -
β 1.35, 0.717 74Se
75As 100% 75As is stable wi 42 neutrons
· references

Airsenic is a chemical element wi seembol As an atomic nummer 33. Airsenic occurs in mony minerals, uisually in conjunction wi sulfur an metals, an an aa as a pure elemental crystal. It wiis first documentit bi Albertus Magnus in 1250.[5] Airsenic is a metalloid. It can exist in various allotropes, altho anly the gray furm haes important uise in industry.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gokcen, N. A (1989). "The As (arsenic) system". Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams. 10: 11–22. doi:10.1007/BF02882166. 
  2. Ellis, Bobby D.; Charles, L. B. (2004). "Stabilized Arsenic(I) Iodide: A Ready Source of Arsenic Iodide Fragments and a Useful Reagent for the Generation of Clusters". Inorganic Chemistry. 43: 5981. doi:10.1021/ic049281s. 
  3. Arsenic, mindat.org
  4. editor-in-chief, David R. Lide. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (81 ed.). CRC press. ISBN 0849304814. 
  5. Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 43, 513, 529. ISBN 0-19-850341-5.