Fungus

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Fungi
Temporal range: Early DevonianPresent 410–0 Ma
Fungi collage.jpg
Clockwise frae tap left:
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Opisthokonta
(unranked): Holomycota
(unranked): Zoosporia
Kinrick: Fungi
(L.) R.T.Moore[1]
Subkingdoms/Phyla/Subphyla[2]
Blastocladiomycota
Chytridiomycota
Glomeromycota
Microsporidia
Neocallimastigomycota

Dikarya (inc. Deuteromycota)

Ascomycota
Pezizomycotina
Saccharomycotina
Taphrinomycotina
Basidiomycota
Agaricomycotina
Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina

Subphyla incertae sedis

Entomophthoromycotina
Kickxellomycotina
Mucoromycotina
Zoopagomycotina

A fungus (/ˈfʌŋɡəs/; plural: fungi[3] or funguses[4]) is a memmer o a muckle group o eukaryotic organisms thit is incluidin o microorganisms sic as baurms an moulds, as weel as the mair familiar mushruims. These organisms is clessifee'd as a kinrick, Fungi, which is apairt frae plants, animals, protists an bacteria. Ane muckle difference is thit fungal cells hae cell waas thit hauds chitin, unalike the cell waas o plants an some protists, which hauds cellulose, an unalike the cell waas o bacteriae. These, an ither differences, shaw thit the fungi furm a unifee'd group o relatit organisms, namit as the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), thit share a common auncestor (is a monophyletic group). This fungal group is distinct frae the structurally seemilar myxomycetes (slime moulds) an oomycetes (watter moulds). The discipline o biology devotit tae the studie o fungi is kent as mycology (frae the Greek μύκης, mukēs, meanin "fungus"). Mycology haes aften been regardit as a brainch o botany, even tho it is its ain kinrick in biological taxonomy. Genetic studies hae shawn thit fungi is mair closely relatit tae ainimals than tae plants.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Moore RT (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marina. 23: 361–373.
  2. The clessification seestem presentit here is based on the 2007 phylogenetic study bi Hibbett et al.
  3. Listeni/ˈfʌn/ or Listeni/ˈfʌŋɡ/
  4. "Fungus". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 26 Februar 2011.