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Plants (also spelled "plaunts") are ane o five big groups (kinricks) o leevin things. Thay are autotrophic eukaryotes; that means thay hae complex cells, an mak thair ain fuid. For ordinar, thay canna muive.

Plants include familiar kynds sic as trees, yerbs, busses, girses, vines, ferns, fogs, an green algae. The scientific study o plants, kent as botany, haes identifeed aboot 350,000 extant speshie o plants. Fungi an non-green algae arena clessed as plants.

Maist plants growe in the grund, wi stocks abuin, an ruits ablow. Watter an some nutrients come frae the ruits. The evaporation o watter frae pores in the leafs pulls watter throu the plant. This is cawed transpiration.

A plant needs sunlicht, carbon dioxide, minerals an watter for tae mak fuid. A green substance in plants cried chlorophyll traps the energy frae the Sun needed tae mak fuid. Chlorophyll is maistly fund in leafs, athin plastids, that are athin the leaf cells. The leaf can be thocht o as a fuid factory. Leafs o plants vary in shape an size, but thay are aye the plant organ best suited tae fang solar energy. Ance the fuid is made in the leaf, it is transportit tae the ither pairts o the plant sic as stocks an ruits. [1][2]

Plants can reproduce in different kinds ay ways. Some plants uise seeds, an ithers uise cones. Maist flouerin plants develop fruit frae thair flouers, that then graw aroond thair seeds.

The wird "plant" can mean tae pit somethin in the grund an aw. For ensaumple, fermers plant seeds in the grund.

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References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Asimov, Isaac 1968. Photosynthesis. Basic Books, New York, London. ISBN 0-465-05703-9.
  2. Intermediate Learn Science, grades 5-6, by Mike Evans and Linda Ellis