|Clockwise frae tap left:
Amanita muscaria, a basidiomycete;
Sarcoscypha coccinea, an ascomycete;
bread covered in mould;
an Aspergillus conidiophore.
(L., 1753) R.T. Moore, 1980
Subphyla incertae sedis
A fungus (//; plural: fungi or funguses) is a member o a lairge group o eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as baurms an moulds, as well as the mair familiar mushruims. These organisms are clessifee'd as a kinrick, Fungi, which is separate frae plants, animals, protists an bacteria. Ane major difference is that fungal cells hae cell walls that contain chitin, unlik the cell waws o plants an some protists, which contain cellulose, an unlik the cell waws o bacteria. These an ither differences shaw that the fungi furm a single group o relatit organisms, named the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), that share a common auncestor (is a monophyletic group). This fungal group is distinct frae the structurally seemilar myxomycetes (slime moulds) an oomycetes (watter moulds). The discipline o biology devotit tae the study o fungi is kent as mycology (frae the Greek μύκης, mukēs, meanin "fungus"). Mycology haes eften been regardit as a branch o botany, even tho it is a separate kinrick in biological taxonomy. Genetic studies hae shawn that fungi are mair closely relatit tae ainimals than tae plants.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Moore RT. (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marine. 23: 361–373.
- The classification system presented here is based on the 2007 phylogenetic study by Hibbett et al.
- i// or i//
- "Fungus". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2011-02-26.