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Orange elephant ear sponge, Agelas clathrodes, in foregrund. Twa corals in the backgrund: a sea fan, Iciligorgia schrammi, an a sea rod, Plexaurella nutans.
Scienteefic clessification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Unikonta
(unranked): Opisthokonta
Copeland 1956,[1] emend. Cavalier-Smith 1987,[2] emend. Adl et al. 2005[3]

see text

The opisthokonts (Greek: ὀπίσθιος (opísthios) = "rear, posterior" + κοντός (kontós) = "pole" i.e. "flagellum") are a broad group o eukaryotes, includin baith the ainimal an fungus kingdoms,[4] thegither wi the eukaryotic microorganisms that are whiles grouped in the paraphyletic phylum Choanozoa (conventionally assigned tae the protist 'kinrick').[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Copeland, H. F. (1956). The Classification of Lower Organisms. Palo Alto: Pacific Books.
  2. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1987). "The origin of fungi and pseudofungi". In Rayner, Alan D. M. (ed.). Evolutionary biology of Fungi. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. pp. 339–353. ISBN 0-521-33050-5. 
  3. Adl, S.M. et al. (2005). The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology 52: 399–451.
  4. Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M.; et al. (2008). Aramayo, Rodolfo, ed. "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2098. Bibcode:2008PLoSO...3.2098S. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMC 2346548Freely accessible. PMID 18461162. 
  5. Steenkamp ET, Wright J, Baldauf SL (2006). "The protistan origins of animals and fungi". Mol. Biol. Evol. 23 (1): 93–106. doi:10.1093/molbev/msj011. PMID 16151185.