Template:Infobox zinc

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Zinc,  30Zn
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube.jpg
General properties
Appearance siller-gray
Staundart atomic wecht (Ar, staundart) 65.38(2)[1]
Zinc in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
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Zn

Cd
copperzincgallium
Atomic nummer (Z) 30
Group group 12
Period period 4
Element category   transition metal
Block d-block
Electron confeeguration [Ar] 3d10 4s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 2
Pheesical properties
Phase (at STP) solit
Meltin pynt 692.68 K ​(419.53 °C, ​787.15 °F)
Bylin pynt 1180 K ​(907 °C, ​1665 °F)
Density (near r.t.) 7.14 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.) 6.57 g/cm3
Heat o fusion 7.32 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation 123.6 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 25.470 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 610 670 750 852 990 1179
Atomic properties
Oxidation states +2, +1, 0 amphoteric oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.65
Ionisation energies
Atomic radius empirical: 134 pm
Covalent radius 122±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 139 pm
Coloyr lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o Infobox zinc
Miscellanea
Creestal structurhexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed creestal structur for zinc
Speed o soond thin rod (rolled) 3850 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 30.2 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 116 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 59.0 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderin diamagnetic
Young's modulus 108 GPa
Shear modulus 43 GPa
Bouk modulus 70 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.25
Mohs haurdness 2.5
Brinell haurdness 412 MPa
CAS Nummer 7440-66-6
History
Diskivery Indian metallurgists (before 1000 BC)
First isolation Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (1746)
Recognized as a unique metal bi Rasaratna Samuccaya (800)
Main isotopes o zinc
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
64Zn 48.6% >2.3×1018 y (β+β+) 64Ni
65Zn syn 243.8 d ε 65Cu
γ -
66Zn 27.9% stable
67Zn 4.1% stable
68Zn 18.8% stable
69Zn syn 56 min β 69Ga
69mZn syn 13.76 h β 69Ga
70Zn 0.6% >1.3×1016 y (ββ) 70Ge
71Zn syn 2.4 min β 71Ga
71mZn syn 3.97 d β 71Ga
72Zn syn 46.5 h β 72Ga
Decay modes in parentheses are predictit, but hae nae yet been observed
| references | in Wikidata

References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.