Template:Infobox alumeenium

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Alumeenium, 13Al
Template:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Alumeenium
Pronunciation
Appearancesillery gray metallic
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(Al)26.9815384(3)[1]
Alumeenium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
B

Al

Ga
magnesiumalumeeniumsilicon
Atomic nummer (Z)13
Groupgroup 13 (boron group)
Periodperiod 3
Blockp-block
Element category  Post-transeetion metal
Electron confeeguration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
Electrons per shell2, 8, 3
Pheesical properties
Phase at STPsolit
Meltin pynt933.47 K ​(660.32 °C, ​1220.58 °F)
Bylin pynt2792 K ​(2519 °C, ​4566 °F)
Density (near r.t.)2.70 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)2.375 g/cm3
Heat o fusion10.71 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation294.0 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.200 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1482 1632 1817 2054 2364 2790
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−2, −1, +1,[2] +2,[3] +3 (an amphoteric oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.61
Ionisation energies
Atomic radiusempirical: 143 pm
Covalent radius121±4 pm
Van der Waals radius184 pm
Colour lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o alumeenium
Ither properties
Naitural occurrenceprimordial
Creestal structurface-centred cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic creestal structur for alumeenium
Speed o soond thin rod(rowed) 5,000 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion23.1 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity237 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity28.2 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderinparamagnetic[4]
Young's modulus70 GPa
Shear modulus26 GPa
Bulk modulus76 GPa
Poisson ratio0.35
Mohs haurdness2.75
Vickers haurdness167 MPa
Brinell haurdness245 MPa
CAS Nummer7429-90-5
History
PredictionAntoine Lavoisier[5] (1787)
First isolationFriedrich Wöhler[5] (1827)
Named byHumphry Davy[5] (1807)
Main isotopes o alumeenium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct 26Al trace 7.17×105 y β+ 26Mg
ε 26Mg
γ -
27Al 100% stable
| references
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 660.32
K 933.47 933.47 0
F 1220.58 1220.58 0
WD 1220 Fahrenheit 660 Celsius Edit this at Wikidata [8][9]
input C: 660.32, K: 933.47, F: 1220.58
comment
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 2519
K 2792 2792 0
F 4566 4566 0
WD 4221 Fahrenheit 2327 Celsius Edit this at Wikidata [8][9]
input C: 2519, K: 2792, F: 4566
comment

References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Meija, Juris; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.
  2. Dohmeier, C.; Loos, D.; Schnöckel, H. (1996). "Aluminum(I) and Gallium(I) Compounds: Syntheses, Structures, and Reactions". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 35 (2): 129–149. doi:10.1002/anie.199601291.
  3. D. C. Tyte (1964). "Red (B2Π–A2σ) Band System of Aluminium Monoxide". Nature. 202 (4930): 383. Bibcode:1964Natur.202..383T. doi:10.1038/202383a0.
  4. Lide, D. R. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". [[CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]] (PDF) (81st ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 0849304814. URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Aluminum". Los Alamos National Laboratory. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  6. Alumeenium monoxide
  7. Alumeenium iodide
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0022.html.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "ALUMINUM POWDER"; date retrieved: 13 Juin 2019.