AK-47

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AK-47[1]
АК-47.jpg
AK-47 Teep 2A wi ribbed stamped-steel magazine an 6H2 bayonet
TeepAssault rifle
Place o oreegin Soviet Union
Service history
In service1949–present
Uised biSee Uisers
Production history
DesignerMikhail Kalashnikov
Designed1944–1947
ManufacturerIzhmash
No. biggitapproximately 75 million AK-47
100 million AK-type rifles[2][3]
VariantsSee Variants
Specifications
Wecht5.21 kg (11.5 lb) wi loadit magazine[4]
Lenth870 mm (34 in) fixed widden stock
875 mm (34.4 in) fauldin stock extended
645 mm (25.4 in) stock fauldit
Baurel lenth415 mm (16.3 in)

Cartridge7.62×39mm M43/M67
ActionGas-operatit, rotatin bolt
Rate o fire600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity715 m/s[5]
Effective firin range400 metres (440 yd) semi-automatic[6]
300 metres (330 yd) full automatic[6]
Feed seestem10, 20 , 30 , 40 or 75 -roond detachable box an drum style magazine, an aw compatible wi 40-roond box or 75-roond drum magazines frae the RPK
SichtsAdjustable iron sidhts, 100–800 metre adjustments, 378 mm (14.9 in) sicht radius

The AK-47 is a selective-fire, gas-operatit 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developit in the Soviet Union bi Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is offeecially kent as Avtomat Kalashnikova (Автомат Калашникова). It is an aw kent as a Kalashnikov, an "AK", or in Roushie slang, Kalash.

Design wirk on the AK-47 began in the last year o Warld War II (1945). Efter the war in 1948, the AK-47 wis presentit for offeecial military trials. In 1947 the fixed-stock version wis introducit intae service wi select units o the Soviet Airmy. An early development o the design wis the AKS (S—Skladnoy or "fauldin"), which wis equippit wi an unnerfauldin metal shoulder stock. In 1949, the AK-47 wis offeecially acceptit bi the Soviet Airmit Forces an uised bi the majority o the member states o the Warsaw Pact.

The oreeginal AK-47 wis ane o the first true "assault rifles" tae be manufactured, efter the oreeginal Sturmgewehr 44.[7][8] Even efter sax decades the model an its variants remain the maist widely uised an popular assault rifles in the warld acause o thair durability, law production cost, an ease o uise. It haes been manufactured in mony kintras an haes seen service wi airmit forces as well as revolutionary an terrorist organisations warldwide. The AK-47 wis the basis for developin mony ither types o individual an crew-served fireairms. Mair AK-type rifles hae been producit than aw ither assault rifles combined.[2]

Firin the 7.62x39mm cartridge, the AK-47 produces significant woondin effects when the projectile tumbles an fragments in tissue;[9] but it produces relatively minor woonds when the projectile exits the body afore beginnin tae yaw.[10][11]

Uisers[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Table data are for AK-47 with Type 2/3 receiver
  2. 2.0 2.1 Worldbank.org
  3. "AK-47 Inventor Doesn't Lose Sleep Over Havoc Wrought With His Invention". Foxnews.com. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
  4. Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. p. 102.
  5. [1]
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bidwell, Shelford. The Encyclopedia of land warfare in the 20th century, p. 199. Spring Books, 1977.
  7. Poyer, Joe. The AK-47 and AK-74 Kalashnikov Rifles and Their Variations. North Cape Publications. 2004.
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named weaponomics
  9. Bellamy RF, Zajtchuk R. The physics and biophysics of wound ballistics. In: Zajtchuk R, ed. Textbook of Military Medicine, Part I: Warfare, Weaponry, and the Casualty, Vol. 5, Conventional Warfare: Ballistic, Blast, and Burn Injuries. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, United States of America (1990) pp. 146–155
  10. U.S. Military Small Arms Ammunition Failures and Solutions, GK Roberts, NDIA Dallas, Texas, 21 May 2008, DTIC.mil
  11. Wounding Effects of the AK-47 Rifle Used by Patrick Purdy in the Stockton, California, Schoolyard Shooting of January 17, 1989, Fackler, Martin L. M.D.; Malinowski, John A. B.S.; Hoxie, Stephen W. B.S.; Jason, Alexander B.A., American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, September 1990
  12. 12.0 12.1 Kahaner, Larry (2006-11-26). "Weapon Of Mass Destruction". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 13.15 13.16 13.17 13.18 13.19 13.20 13.21 13.22 13.23 13.24 13.25 13.26 13.27 13.28 13.29 13.30 13.31 13.32 13.33 13.34 13.35 13.36 13.37 13.38 13.39 13.40 13.41 13.42 13.43 13.44 13.45 13.46 13.47 13.48 13.49 13.50 13.51 13.52 13.53 13.54 13.55 Janes (2009-12). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. [2]
  15. 5.56mm AR-M1 & AR-M1F
  16. 7.62mm AR-M1 & AR-M1F
  17. Terry J. Gander (1995-05). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1995-96. ISBN 978-0-7106-1241-0. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Modern Firearms – AK-47 AKM. World.guns.ru (2011-01-24). Retrieved on 2011-03-14.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 D. M. O. Miller (2001-08-31). Illustrated directory of twentieth century guns. ISBN 978-1-84065-245-1.
  20. "Georgian Army Bids Farewell to Soviet Guns" (PDF). Today Defence (7). January 2008.
  21. Milosevic, Milan (2005). "Trojanski Konj za Teroriste" (in Serbian). Kalibar. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-08-14. Retrieved 2009-04-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  22. "Greece Ministry of Public Order Press Office: Special Anti-Terrorist Unit". http://astynomia.gr – Official Website of the Hellenic Police. July 2004. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2009-09-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); External link in |publisher= (help)
  23. "Maha's elite counter terror unit Force One becomes operational". Business Standard. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
  24. Macedonian military police, US National Guard conduct joint manoeuvres. SETimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-14.
  25. Israel Aids Palestinians With Arms, New York Times. September 5, 2008.
  26. Pakistan Military Consortium. www.PakDef.info (1989-05-29). Retrieved on 2011-03-14. Archived 19 Mey 2011 at WebCite
  27. "Santiago city forms SWAT team to combat crime". Philippine Information Agency. 2006-09-02. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  28. Western Sahara – In the unforgiving deserts of south west Algeria, Nick Ryan meets the nomads fighting a 25 year battle.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]