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Republic o Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana  (Tswana)
Banner o Botswana
Coat o airms
Motto: "Pula" (Tswana)
Anthem: Fatshe leno la rona  (Tswana)
This Laund o Oors
Location o  Botswana  (daurk blue) in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Botswana  (daurk blue)

in the African Union  (licht blue)

and largest city
24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / 24.6583°S 25.9083°E / -24.6583; 25.9083
Offeecial leids Inglis
Ethnic groups
Releegion Christianity
Govrenment Pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Ian Khama
Mokgweetsi Masisi
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Established (Constitution)
30 September 1966
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (48t)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
2,155,784[1] (145t)
• 2011 census
2,038,228 [2]
• Density
3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$39.054 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$15.564 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2013) 60.5[4]
verra heich
HDI (2015) Steady 0.698[5]
medium · 108th
Currency Pula (BWP)
Time zone UTC+2 (Central Africae Time)
Date format DD/MM/YYYY
Drivin side caur
Cawin code +267
ISO 3166 code BW
Internet TLD .bw

Botswana (offeecially the Republic o Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a laundlocked kintra locatit in Soothren Africae. Umwhile the Breetish pertectorate o Bechuanaland, Botswana adoptit its new name efter acomin independent within the Commonweel on 30 September 1966.[6] Syne then, it haes mainteened a strang tradeetion o stable representative democracy, wi a consistent record o uninterruptit democratic elections an the best perceived corruption rankin in Africae syne at least 1998.[7]

Botswana is topografically flat, wi up tae 70 percent o its territory bein the Kalahari Desert. It is mairchit bi Sooth Africae tae the sooth an sootheast, Namibie tae the wast an north, an Zimbabwe tae the northeast. Its mairch wi Zambie tae the north near Kazungula is puirly defined but is, at maist, a few hunder metres lang.[8]

A mid-sized kintra o juist ower 2 million fowk, Botswana is ane o the maist sparsely populatit kintras in the warld. Aroond 10 percent o the population lives in the caipital an lairgest ceety, Gaborone. Umwhile ane o the puirest kintras in the warld—wi a GDP per capita o aboot US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana haes syne transformed itsel intae ane o the warld's festest-growin economies. The economy is dominated by minin, kye, an tourism. Botswana blowsts a GDP (purchasin pouer parity) per capita o aboot $18,825 per year as o 2015, that is ane o the heichest in Africae.[1] Its heich gross naitional income (bi some estimates the fowert-lairgest in Africae) gies the kintra a relatively heich staundart o leevin an the heichest Human Development Index o continental Sub-Saharan Africae.[9]

Botswana is a member o the African Union, the Soothren African Development Commonty, the Commonweel o Naitions, an the Unitit Naitions. The kintra haes been amang the haurdest hit bi the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes tae mak treatments available tae thae infectit, an tae eddicate the populace in general aboot hou tae stap the spread o HIV/AIDS, the nummer o fowk wi AIDS rose frae 290,000 in 2005 tae 320,000 in 2013.[10]:A20 As o 2014, Botswana haes the third-heichest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, wi reuchly 20% o the adult population bein infectit.[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Botswana". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  2. 2011 Population & Housing Census Preliminary Results Brief
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Botswana". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "2015 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. p. 17. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  6. "Bechuanaland was the former name of Botswana". Retrieved 2018-02-20. 
  7. "overview of CPI indices". Transparency International. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  8. Darwa, P. Opoku (2011). Kazungula Bridge Project (PDF). African Development Fund. p. Appendix IV. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  9. Gross naitional income (GNI) – Nations Online Project. Retrieved on 27 October 2016.
  10. "The Gap Report" (PDF). Geneva: UN AIDS. 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 20 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  11. "HIV and Aids in Botswana". Avert International Aids Charity. Retrieved 21 June 2016.