East Germany

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German Democratic Republic
Deutsche Demokratische Republik
Satellite state o the Soviet Union
Member o the Warsaw Pact


Banner (1959–1990) Emblem
Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch!
Scots: Wirkers o the warld, unite!
Auferstanden aus Ruinen
"Risen frae Ruins"
The German Democratic Republic in 1990.
Caipital East Berlin
Leids German (offeecial)
Sorbian (unoffeecial)
Government Marxist–Leninist single-pairty socialist state
General Secretar
 -  1949–1950 Wilhelm Pieck
 -  1949–1950 Otto Grotewohl
 -  1950–1971 Walter Ulbricht
 -  1971–1989 Erich Honecker
 -  1989 Egon Krenz
Heid o State
 -  1949–1960 Wilhelm Pieck (first)
 -  1990 Sabine Berg.-Pohl (last)
Heid o Govrenment
 -  1949–1964 Otto Grotewohl (first)
 -  1990 Lothar de Maizière (last)
Legislatur Volkskammer
 -  State Chamber Länderkammera
Historical era Cauld War
 -  Constitution adoptit 7 October 1949
 -  Uprisin o 1953 16 Juin 1953
 -  Berlin Crisis 4 Juin 1961
 -  Peaceful Revolution 13 October 1989
 -  Final Settlement 12 September 1990
 -  Reunification 3 October 1990
 -  1990 108,333 km² (41,828 sq mi)
 -  1950 est. 18,388,000b 
 -  1970 est. 17,068,000 
 -  1990 est. 16,111,000 
     Density 148.7 /km²  (385.2 /sq mi)
Siller 1949–1964: Deutsche Mark
1964–1967: Mark der Deutschen Notenbank,
Mark der DDR
(Three different names for the same currency)
Deutsche Mark
(frae 1 Julie 1990)
Internet TLD .ddc
Cawin code +37
The day pairt o  Germany
The initial banner o East Germany adoptit in 1948 wis identical tae that o West Germany. In 1959, the East German govrenment issued a new version o the banner bearin the naitional emblem, servin tae distinguish East frae West.
^a Dissolved bi the Volkskammer on 8 December 1958.
^b Population statistics accordin tae Statistisches Bundesamt.[1]
^c Althou .dd wis reserved as correspondin ISO code for East Germany, it wis nae entered tae the ruit afore the kintra wis reunited wi the wast.[2]

East Germany (German: Ostdeutschland), formally the German Democratic Republic or GDR (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, ([ˈdɔʏtʃə demoˈkʀaːtɪʃə ʀepuˈbliːk]) or DDR), wis a state within the Eastren Bloc during the Cauld War period. Frae 1949 tae 1990, it admeenistered the region o Germany which wis occupied bi Soviet forces at the end o the Seicont Warld War—the Soviet Occupation Zone o the Potsdam Agreement, boondit on the east bi the Oder–Neisse line. The Soviet zone surroondit Wast Berlin, but did nae include it; as a result, Wast Berlin remained ootside the jurisdiction o the GDR.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bevölkerungsstand
  2. Top-Level-Domain .DD Information site about .dd in German language