The 28t o October is the 301t day o the year (302t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 64 days bidin.
- 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
- 1420 - Beijing is proclaimed the caipital o Ming Dynasty Cheenae.
- 1492 - Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba.
- 1636 - Harvard Varsity in Massachusetts is foondit.
- 1707 - A yirdquauk kills ower 5,000 fowk in Japan.
- 1746 - A strong yirdquauk hits Lima, Peru, killin 18,000 fowk.
- 1848 - Spain's first railwey line opens.
- 1856 - Portugal's first railwey line is completit.
- 1869 - Dmitri Mendeleev publishes the Periodic cairt o the elements.
- 1886 - The Statue o Liberty, in the harbour o New York Ceety, is dedicatit, as a gift tae the Unitit States frae Fraunce.
- 1900 - The 1900 Simmer Olympics in Paris end.
- 1904 - Panama an Uruguay establish diplomatic relations.
- 1918 - Czechoslovakie gains unthirldom frae Austrick-Hungary.
- 1940 - Warld War II: Greece is invadit bi Italy.
- 1942 - The Alaska Highway is completit.
- 1954 - Ernest Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize in Leeteratur.
- 1958 - Pape John XXIII is electit.
- 1962 - End o the Cuban Missile Crisis.
- 1965 - Gatewey Airch in St. Louis, Missouri, is opened tae the public.
- 1995 - 289 fowk are kilt in the Baku Subway fire.
- 2007 - Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is electit Preses o Argentinae.
- 2009 - A bomb attack in Peshawar, Pakistan, kills 117 fowk.
- 2013 - The St. Jude Storm affects pairts o Northren an Wastren Europe.
- 2016 - Then-FBI Director James Comey propales a new investigation intae Hillary Clinton's emails, juist 11 days afore the US Preses election.
- 2017 - Iceland holds its seicont pairlamentar election in the space o a year.
- 2017 - Twa bomb attacks in Mogadishu, Somalie, kill at least 19 fowk.
- 2018 - Far-richt candidate Jair Bolsonaro is electit Preses o Brazil
- 1017 - Henry III, Haly Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
- 1466 - Erasmus, Dutch humanist, priest, social creetic an theologian (d. 1536)
- 1726 - David Dalrymple, Laird Hailes, Scots advocate, juidge an historian (d. 1792)
- 1803 - Caroline Unger, Austro-Hungarian contralto (d. 1877)
- 1823 - William Simpson, Scots airtist an war correspondent (d. 1899)
- 1826 - Sir Andrew Clark, 1st Baronet, Scots medicinar an pathologist (d. 1893)
- 1836 - James Edward Tierney Aitchison, Scots surgeon an botanist (d. 1898)
- 1845 - Robert Gibb, Scots penter (d. 1932)
- 1848 - Thomas Millie Dow, Scots airtist (d. 1919)
- 1902 - Elsa Lanchester, Inglis actress (d. 1986)
- 1903 - Evelyn Waugh, Inglis writer (d. 1966)
- 1909 - Francis Bacon, Erse penter (d. 1992)
- 1914 - Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Inglis biochemist (d. 1994)
- 1925 - Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scots fitbawer (d. 2006)
- 1928 - Lawrie Reilly, Scots fitbawer (d. 2013)
- 1929 - Joan Plowright, Inglis actress
- 1930 - Bernie Ecclestone, Inglis businessman, umwhile heid o Formula Ane
- 1933 - Garrincha, Brazilian fitbawer (d. 1983)
- 1935 - Eddie O'Hara, Scots fitbawer (d. 2016)
- 1946 - Sandy Clark, Scots fitbawer
- 1949 - Caitlyn Jenner, American athlete an telly personality
- 1949 - John McGovern, Scots fitbawer
- 1955 - Bill Gates, American businessman
- 1956 - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, umwhile Preses o Iran
- 1963 - Eros Ramazzotti, Italian sangster
- 1964 - Andrew Bridgen, Inglis politeecian
- 1967 - Kevin Macdonald, Scots director
- 1967 - Julia Roberts, American actress
- 1974 - Joaquin Phoenix, American actor
- 1981 - Milan Baros, Czech fitbawer
- 1982 - Matt Smith, Inglis actor
- 312 - Maxentius, Roman Emperor (b. 278)
- 1562 - George Gordon, 4t Yerl o Huntly, Scots nobleman (b. 1514)
- 1627 - Jahangir, Mughal Emperor (b. 1569)
- 1704 - John Locke, Inglis philosopher (b. 1632)
- 1740 - Anna o Roushie (b. 1693)
- 1818 - Abigail Adams, First Lady o the Unitit States (b. 1744)
- 1840 - John Thomson o Duddiston, Scots meenister an penter (b. 1778)
- 1921 - William Speirs Bruce, Scots naituralist, polar scientist an oceanografer (b. 1867)
- 1922 - Alexander Crum Brown, Scots organic chemist (b. 1838)
- 1998 - Ted Hughes, Inglis poet (b. 1930)
- 2005 - Richard Smalley, American chemist (b. 1943)
- 2013 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Pols politeecian (b. 1927)
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