The 5t o October is the 278t day o the year (279t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 87 days bidin.
- 1502 - Costa Rica is named bi Christopher Columbus.
- 1665 - The University o Kiel, in present-day northren Germany, is foondit.
- 1793 - Christianity is abandoned as the offeecial releegion o Fraunce.
- 1910 - 5 October 1910 revolution: Portugal becomes a republic, efter gettin rid o the monarchy.
- 1915 - Bulgarie enters Warld War I on the side o the Central Pouers.
- 1948 - A yirdquauk in Ashgabat, nou Turkmenistan, kills 110,000 fowk.
- 1951 - The first Mediterranean Gemmes stairt in Alexandria, Egyp.
- 1962 - Dr. No, the first James Bond film, based on the beuks bi Ian Fleming an starrin Sean Connery, is released.
- 1962 - The Beatles release thair first sang, Love Me Do.
- 1969 - Monty Python's Flying Circus is first shawn on BBC One.
- 1999 - The Ladbroke Rail Crash in Wast Lunnon kills 31 fowk.
- 2011 - Steve Jobs, CEO o Apple Inc., dees agit 56, causin a lot o reaction on social media.
- 2014 - French Formula Ane driver Jules Bianchi suffers injuries at the Japanese Grand Prix that lead tae his daith in Julie 2015.
- 2016 - Scots-born Fraser Stoddart shares the Nobel Prize in Chemistry wi Jean-Pierre Sauvage an Ben Feringa.
- 2017 - Japanese-born Inglis novelist Kazuo Ishiguro wins the Nobel Prize in Leeteratur.
- 2017 - Sexual harrassment allegations agin the film producer Harvey Weinstein are published, leadin tae the #MeToo muivement.
- 2018 - Denis Mukwege an Nadia Murad win the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1658 - Mary o Modena, Queen o James VII o Scotland (d. 1718)
- 1695 - John Glas, Scots clergyman (d. 1773)
- 1713 - Denis Diderot, French writer an philosopher (d. 1784)
- 1781 - Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathemateecian an philosopher (d. 1848)
- 1829 - Chester A. Arthur, 21nt Preses o the Unitit States (d. 1886)
- 1882 - Robert H. Goddard, American ingineer, professor, pheesicist an inventor (d. 1945)
- 1919 - Donald Pleasence, Inglis actor (d. 1995)
- 1922 - Jock Stein, Scots fitbaw manager (d. 1985)
- 1927 - Bruce Millan, Scots politeecian (d. 2013)
- 1931 - Derek Grierson, Scots fitbawer (d. 2011)
- 1932 - Neal Ascherson, Scots jurnalist an writer
- 1936 - Václav Havel, Czech dramatist, writer an statesman (d. 2011)
- 1946 - Thomson Allan, Scots fitbawer
- 1948 - Drew Jarvie, Scots fitbawer
- 1951 - Willie Donachie, Scots fitbawer
- 1951 - Bob Geldof, Erse muisicker an activist
- 1952 - Emomali Rahmon, Preses o Tajikistan
- 1957 - Bernie Mac, American actor an director (d. 2008)
- 1958 - Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astropheesicist, cosmologist an science communicator
- 1965 - Mario Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1967 - Guy Pearce, Inglis-Australian actor
- 1969 - Andrea McLean, Scots telly presenter
- 1970 - Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh, Scots politeecian
- 1975 - Parminder Nagra, Inglis actress
- 1975 - Kate Winslet, Inglis actress
- 1983 - Jesse Eisenberg, American actor
- 1987 - Kevin Mirallas, Belgian fitbawer
- 1988 - Sam Warburton, Welsh rugby union player
- 1999 - Connor McLennan, Scots fitbawer
- 1056 - Henry III, Haly Roman Emperor (b. 1017)
- 1880 - Jacques Offenbach, French componer (b. 1819)
- 1918 - Roland Garros, French pilot (b. 1888)
- 1997 - Tommy Ring, Scots fitbawer (b. 1930)
- 2004 - Rodney Dangerfield, American actor an comedian (b. 1921)
- 2004 - Alex Rollo, Scots fitbawer (b. 1926)
- 2004 - Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-Breetish pheesicist an molecular biologist (b. 1916)
- 2011 - Steve Jobs, American businessman, CEO o Apple Inc. (b. 1955)
- 2015 - Henning Mankell, Swadish writer (b. 1948)
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