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Václav Havel

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Václav Havel
1st Preses o the Czech Republic
In office
2 Februar 1993 – 2 Februar 2003
Prime MeenisterVáclav Klaus
Josef Tošovský
Miloš Zeman
Vladimír Špidla
Precedit biPoseetion established
Succeedit biVáclav Klaus
9t Preses o Czechoslovakie
In office
29 December 1989 – 20 Julie 1992
Prime MeenisterMarián Čalfa
Jan Stráský
Precedit biMarián Čalfa (Actin)
Succeedit biJan Stráský (Actin)
Personal details
Born5 October 1936(1936-10-05)
Prague, Czechoslovakie
(nou Czech Republic)
Dee'd18 December 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75)
Vlčice, Czech Republic
Poleetical pairtyCeevic Forum (1989–1993)
Green Pairty supporter (2004–2011) (frae 1980s supporter o green politics)
Spoose(s)Olga Šplíchalová (1964–1996)
Dagmar Veškrnová (1997–2011)
Alma materTechnical Varsity, Prague
ReligionRoman Catholicism[1]

Václav Havel (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvaːt͡slav ˈɦavɛl] ( listen); 5 October 1936 – 18 December 2011) wis a Czech playwricht, essayist, poet, dissident an politeecian.

Havel wis the nint[2] an last preses o Czechoslovakie (1989–1992) an the first preses o the Czech Republic (1993–2003). He wrote mair nor 20 plays an numerous non-fiction wirks, translatit internaitionally.

Havel wis voted 4t in Prospect magazine's 2005 global poll o the warld's tap 100 intellectuals.[3] At the time o his daith he wis Chairman o the New York-based Human Richts Foondation. He wis the foonder o the VIZE 97 Foondation an the principal organizer o the Forum 2000 annual global conference.

Havel wis ane o the signatories o the Charter 77 manifesto, a foondin signatory, thegither wi Joachim Gauck, o the Prague Declaration on European Conscience an Communism (launchin the European Day o Remembrance for Victims o Stalinism an Nazism),[4][5] an a cooncil member o the Victims o Communism Memorial Foondation. Havel received mony recognitions, includin the Unitit States Presidential Medal o Freedom, th Gandhi Peace Prize, the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the Order o Canadae, the freedom medal o the Fower Freedoms Awaird, an the Ambassador o Conscience Awaird. The 2012–2013 academic year at the College o Europe wis named in his honour.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Prohlášení arcibiskupa Duky k úmrtí Václava Havla Archived 2014-07-11 at the Wayback Machine by Archbishop Dominik Duka, Czech Bishops' Conference, 18 December 2011.
  2. "Havel Assumes Czechoslovak Presidency". Los Angeled Times. 30 December 1989. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  3. "Prospect Intellectuals: The 2005 List". Prospect. Archived frae the original on 24 Apryle 2011. Retrieved 6 Apryle 2010.
  4. Tismăneanu, Vladimir (2010). "Citizenship Restored". Journal of Democracy. 21 (1): 128–135. doi:10.1353/jod.0.0139.
  5. "Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism - Press Release". Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. 9 Juin 2008. Archived frae the original on 13 Mey 2011. Retrieved 10 Mey 2011.
  6. "Opening Ceremony, Bruges Campus". Archived frae the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2012.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Poleetical offices
Precedit bi
Marián Čalfa
Preses o Czechoslovakie
Jan Stráský
Poseetion established Preses o the Czech Republic
Succeedit bi
Václav Klaus